Dating en wife

Jon Gosselin issued his ex-wife, Kate Gosselin, a warning to back down regarding her negative remarks amid abuse allegations against him — details Tiger Woods’ ex-wife Elin Nordegren welcomed her third child in October 2019. Nordegren and Woods have two kids, Sam and Charlie, from their marriage that ended in 2010. Nordegren is dating ... With Trump Jr going strong with Fox News host and attorney-girlfriend Kimberly Guilfoyle, the couple seems to have amicably moved on. The one question on all minds is: Is Vanessa Trump dating anyone now? A look at Vanessa Trump's relationship history. Vanessa's high-school sweetheart was a former member of the violent street gang the Latin Kings. Dating an ex-spouse should not be simply a response to loneliness, a matter of convenience, and/or lack of alternatives.Deciding to take such an unconventional step needs to be done carefully ... 12 TIPS WHEN DATING YOUR EX-SPOUSE. If you have gotten divorced and want to date or still have a crush on your ex-husband or ex-wife, here are 12 tips: 1. When getting divorced, make a list of the reasons why you made that decision to refer to later. What cases dating ex-husband or ex-wife after divorce can hurt you, and when you should take the chance? Foremost, look at the context. One of the most critical circumstances is whether you have children in common. One more essential thing is who was the initiator of the breakup and divorce. Let’s consider the most common scenarios. Despite your relationship with your ex-spouse, informing him that you are dating is about your children. “Because of the children you must stretch and force yourself beyond your normal comfort zone,” says Michele Germaine, a licensed social worker and marriage family therapist, and cited on ParentRise.com. A rep for Richards confirmed on September 9 that she wouldn’t be back for season 11 of the series. The news came hours before part two of the reunion aired.During part three, the Bold and the ... The special things you had together were unique to the two of you. So, when you feel jealousy or discomfort over your ex dating, remember that no one can really take the same place in your ex’s life that you had. So, keep in mind how unique you are and that you will also have someone new to share your life with one day. For me it’s purely gravitational, this natural pull to be with my ex-wife. I believe it took us killing something ‘legal and official’ in order to be able to stumble upon this reincarnated version of ourselves, of our thing together. Love — or even the possibility of love — is fickle.

Art,I liked

2019.02.11 22:52 djjeew Art,I liked

[link]


2020.09.19 23:05 pog99 Alternative Hypothesis/ Ryan Faulk distorts South Africa under Apartheid.

Originally, my plan was to continue on with his article on Slavery in the United States. However, United Left, and some previous posts of mine, more or less already debunk the picture he paints in that article. I still plan to address though at a later date.
This article, perhaps even better than the last, show how thin Faulk's objectivity is. He opens and closes as if he was actually being holistic, but instead leaves a specimen blatant rationalization over a topic common among right-wing circles, the racial history and politics of South Africa. Lets not waste time.

The impact of European colonialism on the world is often described as being profoundly negative. The popular view is that Europeans came, stole resources, destroyed cultures, and committed mass murder all over the earth. By contrast, the prevailing view 100 years ago was that Europe was supplying the world with advanced institutions which they would not develop on their own and, in so doing, was civilizing the world.
Either of these theories might be true, and, to some extent, they both are. It is obviously correct that Europe took resources from places, killed some number of people, and ended various indigenous cultural practices. It is also obviously true that Europe set up various institutions, such as capitalism and democracy, in various parts of the world which had not developed these things on their own.
Does he think state control over, say, African labor during colonialism is Capitalism? Or that limiting Local chiefs from legislation such as in Colonial Nigeria is democracy?
A broad look at the empirical evidence suggests that European colonization helped most people more than it hurt them. Research has shown that the longer, or more heavily, a place was colonized by Europeans the richer it ended up being today (Eaverly and Levine, 2012; Feyrer and Sacerdote, 2006). Moreover, in the 20th century Africa, which is the center of much of the colonization debate, saw tremendous net gains in both wealth and population size (Manning, 2013; Roser; 2016)
Going through each of these, The Easterly study mainly looks at economic growth, and honestly doesn't suffice to explain the specific of African colonial experience in that regard. The second study notes how specific conditions of colonialism influences growth, while the two figures on African population growth shows this to be particularly so in the Post colonial era. Few would consider the first decades of African independence to be embodied by these numbers.
Here's an actual balanced set of studies and explanation on Colonialism in Africa.
I find this broad view compelling, but discussions on colonialism are rarely about the broad view. Instead, people like to talk about the anecdotal experiences of particular countries at particular times, and no anecdote is more often talked about than South African apartheid.
In this article, I will examine the history of South Africa as a case study in European colonialism.
Correction: You will gloss over it in a way that reflects your political biases.
Black Origins
The earliest people known to have occupied South Africa were a type of African called Khosians. Khosians are not the group of people most people think of when they think of Black South Africans. Those are Bantus. Bantu Africans and Khosians Africans look different, traditionally spoke different languages, and lived different sorts of lives. If we turned the clock back 4 thousand years, we would find that the southern half of the African continent was almost entirely inhabited by Khosians.
Some time roughly 3,000 years ago, Bantu Africans began expanding out of eastern and central Africa. As they expanded, they displaced many of the African peoples who had previously lived there. The degree to which this expansion occurred via violence, disease, out breeding, or other means, is unknown.
By 1,000 AD, the Bantu had reached most of South Africa. However, most of the people there were still Khosians. When the Portuguese arrived in South Africa in the 1400’s, they encountered very few Bantu.
As the Bantu expanded, they divided into tribes which then went to war with one another over land. In several African nations, a specific Bantu tribe came to dominate the others and then set up an empire. This occurred in South Africa as well. In the 1810’s and 1820’s, the Zulus conquered many neighboring African tribes and formed the Zulu empire. This empire went on to last almost until South Africa was entirely under White rule.
So a few things worth mentioning, that by 1000 AD, the current trends in a predominately Bantu Eastern half and a predominately Khoisan Western Half was already established.

The Rise of apartheid
While the South African government did not obtain independence from Britain until 1948, the beginnings of Apartheid can be traced back to the land act of 1913. This law made it illegal for Whites to sell land to Blacks and vice versa. By this point, Whites had already conquered or purchased the vast majority of South African land and this law was designed to make sure that this would not change.
Between this time and the 1960’s, the Apartheid government passed many laws which further segregated the races. For instance, inter-racial marriage was banned.
The most often talked about policy of South Africa was the creation of the Bantustans. These were designated “homelands” for Black South Africans. The Apartheid government forcibly moved millions of Blacks from multi-racial areas of South Africa into these Bantustans.
As explained in the report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the people who established the Bantustans gave the following rational for their motives:
“NP politicians portrayed the homelands as a moral response to South Africa’s ‘multi-national’ reality. Apartheid theorists believed that South Africa was a country containing a number of nations, each developed to a greater or lesser degree. Freedom, they posited, could be realized only by providing the opportunity for each of these nations to exist and develop along its own lines.”
However, critics are quick to point out that the Bantustans consisted of less than a quarter of South Africa’s land even though Blacks made up an overwhelming majority of the nation’s population.
📷
Bantustans also suffered from tremendous poverty. As the Encyclopedia of Britiannia explains:
“The Bantustans were rural, impoverished, underindustrialized, and reliant on subsidies from the South African government.The original hope of the designers of the Bantustan system was that industries would be established along the Bantustan borders to utilize the cheap labour available nearby, but for the most part these hopes went unrealized. Other initiatives to create the illusion of viable economies for the Bantustans also broke down. To the end they were heavily dependent on financial aid supplied by the South African government. Poverty remained acute in the Bantustans, and child mortality rates were extremely high. Despite draconian control of where people were allowed to farm and the number of cattle they were permitted to have, Bantustan lands were oversettled, overgrazed, and hence afflicted with serious soil erosion.”
So far so good. Of course, for this to be an article by Faulk, things would have to sharply turn downward.
The Net Economic Impact of Bantustans
Such critics rarely mention the fact that as can be seen, in 1960, Black South Africans were exactly as poor as Sub-Saharan Africans generally were. By 1980 they were far richer (1).
📷
Given this, it does not seem fair to say, as some people do, that Bantustans caused Blacks to be poor. Prior to being forced into these areas, Black South Africans were just as poor as Sub-Saharan Africans generally were. Had Black South Africans been left totally alone, there is no reason to think that they would have become any richer than the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa let alone richer than they were under Apartheid. The land in Bantustans may have been bad. But this, evidently, was more than made up for by payments from the South African government.
The economic strain caused by the nature of the Bantustans is basically uncontested by actual experts as far as I know. The basis being that the clearly linked demographic disasters linked to their design have been established but ignored by the government since their early existence through the Tomlinson report and previous studies calling for reform.
Voerwerd refusing to spend the recommended budget to actually achieve independence as oppose to partial dependence for black labour, as well as the future migration to urban areas fueled by the increasingly poor conditions, suggest whatever aid given to the homelands were far from sufficient in any meaningful sense.
Height data suggests Living standards indeed deteriorated with the onset of particular labour exploitation events and that future improvements were linked to being apartheid of the same economic benefits that white South Africans were apart of. This would've been undermined had Apartheid not inadvertently fueled migration into white urban areas and new urban areas surrounding the homelands close to white populations.
Thus, whatever growth seen between Apartheid, which eventually became economically weakened from the 1970s to the 1980s, would be in spite of the laws imposed.
See here fore an overview on the arbitrary decision, poor conditions, and deceiving nature of Homeland "independence".

In conjunction with these external pressures, domestic terrorism was rapidly rising in South Africa during this time period. Following the incident in Sharpville, members of the ANC, the leading Black political party in South Africa, formed a military wing called the MK. Among its founders was Nelson Mandela, who was famously thrown in prison in 1962 for committing various acts of terrorism against the South African government.
The most famous incident of said terrorism perpetrated by the MK was the Church Street Bombing of 1983. This attack consisted of a car bomb being set off in the middle of the day on a busy street. 19 people were killed and over 200 were wounded. 📷
This is but one example from a list of many similar terrorist attacks that occurred, mostly in the 1980’s. During this time, the MK also gained a reputation for torturing prisoners.
On top of all this, in 1989 the South African president suffered a stroke that caused him to resign from office. F.W. De Klerk took his place after being elected by congress and was then re-elected by the electoral college.
De Klerk eliminated as many of the Apartheid laws as he could and, after freeing Nelson Mandela, entered into negotiations to end Apartheid.
Following the announcement of these negotiations, De Klerk’s party, the National Party, lost a national election to the pro apartheid Conservative Party. This was taken to indicate that the (White) people of South Africa did not want Apartheid to end and so De Klerk decided to hold a national referendum on whether or not to continue his negotiations to end apartheid.
The referendum was conducted in 1992 and the public was taken to have voted to end Apartheid. However, the referendum has been heavily criticized on several grounds. First, the South African government owned the media and this meant that the public only got a biased presentation of one viewpoint (Schonteich et al., 2003). Secondly, western powers were expected to plunge South Africa into a recession if they voted no (Wren, 1993). Thirdly, serious accusations of voter fraud have been made. Regardless, the negotiations continued and in 1994 Apartheid was ended.
Some Whites tried to resist the vote by setting up smaller areas of White control, but such efforts largely subsided after several Whites were executed on live TV by Black police officers. As one author wrote:
“the sight of three wounded AWB men pleading for their lives on live television and then shot in cold blood [by black policemen] had a powerful impact on the country’s Whites.”
Following the end of Apartheid, Nelson Mandela was elected president of the new South African government.
So there's an impression left here that'll pick up on later, but to give you a hint, Faulk doesn't tell you exactly who the executed whites were.
National Success Since Apartheid
Unfortunately, since Apartheid ended South Africa has declined on many metrics of national health.
Under apartheid GDP per capita usually grew roughly in sync with the rest of the World. This trend began to collapse in the 1980’s following the introduction of sanctions against the country. After apartheid ended, GDP per capita not only stagnated but, in fact, fell such that South Africans were poorer in 2002 than they were in 1982.
📷
World Bank
Of course what it also shows is an eventual recovery.
In 1980, South Africa has an unemployment rate of 9.8% (Murwirapachena et al., 2013). By 2002, that figure had risen to 30.4%, and in 2014 it was still nearly 3 times as high as it was in 1980 (Murwirapachena et al., 2013; World Bank) .
What he doesn't show is this disparity occurring before Apartheid ended, almost 10 years prior in fact.
Under Apartheid, South Africa had a longer average life expectancy than Sub-Saharan Africa generally did. Since Apartheid ended, life expectancy has stagnated and fallen such that life expectancy was almost 10 years higher in 1992 than it was in 2002.
📷
World Bank
Like the GDP, it saw a recovery.
Murder rates in South Africa began to rise in the 1970’s. Given the national turmoil of this time period, an increase in crime is unfortunate but not surprising. Perhaps less obvious, however, is the fact that murder rates exploded following the end of apartheid. As can be seen, this has disproportionately impacted Whites.
📷
(Thompson, 2004)
That is actually not supported by the data. Coloreds in South Africa make up roughly the same percentage as whites, yet their victimizations are night and day. That's actually the point of the study.
These declines have not just impacted White South Africans. The wealth gap between Blacks and Whites in South Africa was slightly lower under Apartheid than it is today.
📷(Leibbrandt et al., 2012)
This, taken in conjunction with the fact that GDP growth has slowed since Apartheid ended, implies that both Blacks and Whites in south Africa would likely be richer today if Apartheid were still in place.
Moreover, Black South Africans reported feeling less happy and less satisfied with their lives in 2008 than they did in the early 1980’s.
📷(Moller, 1998; Gaibie and Davids, 2009)
📷(Moller, 1998; Gaibie and Davids, 2009)
Thus, it seems that the economic, physical, and psychological health of South Africa has gotten worse since Apartheid ended.
The 1980s, mind you, being Apartheid at it's economical weakest compared to previous decades, going towards the trend of less government restrictions.
Kill the Boers
Anti-White racism has also risen since Apartheid ended. Today, there is a wave of mass murder being waged against the descendants of the Boers.This is how the situation was described by the president of Genocide Watch:
“Afrikaner farm owners are being murdered at a rate four times the murder rate of other South Africans, including Black farm owners. Their families are also subjected to extremely high crime rates, including murder, rape, mutilation and torture of the victims. South African police fail to investigate or solve many of these murders, which are carried out by organized gangs, often armed with weapons that police have previously confiscated. The racial character of the killing is covered up by a SA government order prohibiting police from reporting murders by race. Instead the crisis is denied and the murders are dismissed as ordinary crime, ignoring the frequent mutilation of the victims’ bodies, a sure sign that these are hate crimes*.*However, independent researchers have compiled accurate statistics demonstrating convincingly that murders among White farm owners occur at a rate of 97 per 100,000 per year, compared to 31 per 100,000 per year in the entire South African population, making the murder rate of White SA farmers one of the highest murder rates in the world.” Leon Parkin & Gregory H. Stanton, President – Genocide Watch14 August 2012
These murders are not only common place, they are also gruesome. Attie Potgieter was stabbed over 150 times while his wife and daughter, who were later executed, were made to watch.
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Dr. Louis John Botha was thrown into a crocodile pit and eaten alive.
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As a final example, consider the Viana family. The father and daughter were shot, the mother was raped and killed, and the son was drowned to death in a bath of boiling water.
📷
These murders reflect a more general anti-White sentiment which is ubiquitous in South Africa. Even leaders of the ANC, the party now in charge of the South African government, literally sang songs about killing White people as recently as 2012.
“South Africa’s ruling party on Tuesday defended the singing of an apartheid-era song with the words “Kill the Boer” in a row that has raised fears of increasing racial polarisation.” – Govender (2010)
White South Africans are also discriminated against by various South African institutions in order to make up for the damage that Apartheid institutions are thought to have done to Blacks.
First, there is discrimination in University admissions. Consider, for instance, this report on the University of Cape Town:
“The way in which the university has achieved this diversity, however, is somewhat controversial. To be admitted, white students must score the equivalent of straight A’s. Meanwhile, black and mixed-race students can get in with plenty of B’s. The University of Cape Town doesn’t make this policy a secret — admission cutoffs are listed by race in the prospectus.” – Kelto (2011)
Employers are encourage by the state to discriminate against Whites as well. The Black Economic Empowerment law set up the following point system in the country:
“Points are based on the percentage of blacks and other non-white ethnic groups in the company’s ownership and the skills training it gives to people in these groups. For companies, having a good BEE scorecard is often essential for business. The higher the BEE score they have, the more access they get to public markets and contracts.” – Iob (2013)
Finally, in may of this year South Africa passed the “land expropriation bill” which allows the government to force White South Africans to sell their land to the government at a price that the government decides. The rational behind this law is that it can undue the redistribution of land into the hands of whites which was solidified by the Land Act of 1913.
These factors have led White South Africans to abandon South Africa in large numbers. Since Apartheid ended, over half a million White South Africans have left the country. To put that in perspective, there are less than 5 million Whites in the whole country.
Some White South Africans are unable to emigrate on their own and are asking Western nations for Refugee status. The Canadian government has recently acquiesced to this request and allowed two White South Africans to come to Canada as refugees.
“31-year-old Brandon Huntley from Cape Town said he was constantly called a “white dog” and “settler” by Black South Africans back home. He was also robbed 7 times and stabbed three times by Black South Africans since his home country ended Apartheid in 1994. “There’s a hatred of what we did to them and it’s all about the color of your skin,” Huntley told the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board.The evidence Huntley provided showed “a picture of indifference and inability or unwillingness of the South African government to protect White South Africans from persecution by African South Africans,” Board Chairman William Davis said.” –
White South Africans are also asking for refugee status from the EU which, in recent years, has allowed tens of thousands of middle eastern and African refugees to cross its borders.
I won't sugarcoat the the economic and social issues of whites currently in South Africa. The problem is, aside from the victimization of Afrikaners (farmers specifically) by murders, the general economic position of whites in South Africa hasn't changed.
As for white emigration, his figure combines the total number of whites (roughly 300k) that have left between 1986 (that is before apartheid fell) and 2000, and roughly 300k between 2000-2015.
Overall, the white population only slightly shrank between 1980 and 2015.

If conquest is not a legitimate means to acquire land, the Zulu and similar Bantu tributes did not justly own South African land, nor did any other tribe of the last few hundred years. After all, this land was conquered from Khoisan and older Bantu tribes.
Moreover, if the Zulu did steal the land, it is not clear that Apartheid was in the wrong for taking it from them. Is it wrong to steal something which is stolen from the thief who stole it?
If, on the other hand, conquest is a valid way to acquire land, then White South Africans had a perfectly legitimate claim on it. This might be taken to imply that there is also nothing wrong with modern Black South Africans taking land from Whites. However, conquering land via war is not the same thing as using a false political narrative about the supposed negative effects of apartheid to take land. Moreover, forcing White people into a society that hates and mass murders them is not analogous to putting Blacks in bantustans which, as we have seen, were not as bad as they are often made out to be.
I consider the morality of conquest to be a difficult question and I won’t try to resolve it here. What I will say is that it is very hard to come up with any principled moral answer which would justify the totality of what is being done to White South Africans.
Where to begin?
  1. Assuming the validity of the right of conquest, that only applies to the right to claim land or wield power over it. That doesn't exempt moral considerations on particular acts directed towards the previous occupiers. That is, if the Zulu Empire lead to the displacement and abuse of other groups like the Khoisan, then they can be morally judged on those grounds. Same can be easily said for victims of the Anglo-Boer wars under concentration camps.
  2. "White South Africans" didn't conquer Bantu lands leading to their annexation, it was the British specifically. Boers more so are responsible for the displacement of the Khoisan in the Western Cape.
  3. "Forced Removals" weren't the direct result of being conquered, annexation was. Forced removals, then, can be viewed as a separate act apart of conquest from war and as a decision by an already formed government. It was these laws that form the basis of land claims, not British colonization in and of itself.
  4. There is noting "false" that was validly demonstrated regarding the effect of Bantustans had on the black population. Nor were the Bantustans "not that bad", as most moved out by 1986.
Political Violence
Another important question is whether or not the political violence initiated by the MK against White South Africans was justified.
Apartheid set up various laws, some of which I would consider unjust. Most importantly, Apartheid severely restricted the right of Blacks to protest. This was the justification that Mandela used for resorting to violence. He had no other choice.
This may be true, and if you think that apartheid’s policies were sufficiently horrible this may justify violence, but there is no way that the indiscriminate violence against innocent and random White south Africans that the MK engaged in can be justified. Their activities, especially in the 1980’s, were morally equivalent to any other act of mass murder.
Further more, as we have seen, Apartheid’s actions were not nearly as bad as they are often thought to have been.
This is what I was alluding to earlier, that terrorism among the Anti-Apartheid movement was directed towards whites mostly. While there were indeed anti-white motivation fueling the movement, the overwhelming majority were black. See here for an understanding.
This whole section is a strawman.
Evaluating Apartheid
Even if Apartheid improved the material and psychological conditions of Black Africans,
It didn't. De facto economic integration efforts was what lead to observed improvements.
On the other hand, the material benefit that Whites brought to South Africa, and Africa generally, was truly immense. Were it not for colonialism, most Africans alive today would have never even been born.
In South Africa, that population growth came from a reaction of concentrated poverty, not wealth.
Fundamentally, the problem of African colonialism is the problem of multi-racialism. So long as Whites allowed Blacks to continue to live in Africa, which could have only been prevented with a massive and horrific genocide, Black Africans were going to resent them.
Except in Botswana, and to a lesser extent Namibia. Both with significantly different approaches to race relations.
As Apartheid shows us, this is true even if the Whites improve the conditions of the Blacks. There will always been a feeling that Whites do not belong there and Blacks will always resent the invariably superior material conditions of Whites.
Probably because many were removed from and forced away from Urban living.
Colonialism of the United States only worked because there aren’t many Indians around anymore.
I get the feeling this is part of his Bitchute video on the topic.
The kind of colonialism practiced in Africa in which Whites would be permanent but ruling minorities in a majority Black nation was never sustainable without an uncomfortable measure of totalitarianism and even then ethnic conflict was still common place.
Again Botswana.
The violence surrounding colonialism was rarely, if ever, one sided. Today, there is a massive level of systemic racism against White South Africans. The fact that this racism is not covered in Western media offers a stark contrast with how the media covered the sins of Apartheid.
The sources of the farm murders and affirmative actions were News24, a relatively left leaning SA news source, NPR, Reuters, Voice of America and the Dailymail. Only one source was an "alternative one", which reported the murder a whole year after News24 did and relied on a mainstream Afrikaner-news report.
These get attention by "Western media".
Overall, the problems of South Africa, both in terms of Blacks resenting their White rulers under Apartheid and Whites experiencing racism today, come from the inherent difficulties of having a multi-racial society. In this sense, the story of South Africa contains lessons not only about colonialism but also about more general and pressing questions of immigration and diversity.
Or, you know, what happens when you don't consider the role of Black Africans in your government, unlike Botswana.
submitted by pog99 to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 20:55 StevenStevens43 Humber the Hun

Humber the Hun
Humber the Hun:
Humber the Hun was supposed to have been part of the invasions of Albion, beginning in 1112 BC.
Humber the Hun
Humber the Hun (Gaelic: Emer or Éber mac Ír, or Éber Don mac Ír Ulaid) son of Ír and grandson of Miled, was a legendary king of so-called "Huns" who, according to Gafridian legend, invaded the British Isles in about the 12th century BC. His people successfully conquered Scotia but he himself was drowned during his campaign against Southern Britain. His sons became the Kings of Ulster and ultimately Dál Riata, the earliest Kingdom of Scotland. At some point, he began to equated with his namesake Donn, the Gaelic God of the Dead.
Latin:
Now, nobody knows who the Huns are.
Particularly modern Latin speakers.
In the Latin language, Scotti means Gaels.
Scotti
Scoti or Scotti is a Latin name for the Gaels,[1]
Link for photo
Royal Scottish flag
Hun:
However, even today, the Gaelic word for Scot, is Hun.
This means that Gaelic speakers might have a slightly better grasp on who the Huns might have been, than the modern Romanised Latin speaker.
It also means that when modern day Scots during football matches with the Auld enemy sing "Go home ya Hun", they are actually "wrong".
The Huns were the Scoloti.
Luckily the Scots don't face too much shame regarding this fact, as the other half of the Auld enemy are also unaware of the fact that they are infact "not" the Huns.
Pop culture
Modern Ulster Scots and other Scots Protestants are still referred to as Huns by Gaels.[10
Link for photo
2011 Gaelic speaking parts of Scotland
Hungary:
Now obviously, the word "Hun" is pretty much synonymous with the country named Hungary, suggesting that Huns may have certain origins in this area.
After-all, Humber the Hun is said to have arrived in the Humber from Germany.
Of course, there was no such place as Germany in 1112 BC.
It was Gaul, and Gaul was a name that pertained to the entire area of mainland inhabited by Gaelic speaking Gauls, which at this point in history, would have included Hungary.
Mediaeval history
When Locrinus raided Humber's ships after his death, he found Humber's consort Estrildis,[2][3] the daughter of the King of Germany there.
Link for photo
Hungary
Hungarians:
The modern day word for "Hun", as in Hungary, derived from the Huns from Eurasia, not the Huns from Humber.
Well, not immediately anyway.
Etymology
The "H" in the name of Hungary (and Latin Hungaria) is most likely due to founded historical associations with the Huns, who had settled Hungary prior to the Avars.
Link for photo
Hunnic warrior
Scythian sphere:
However, the land of Hungary pre-dated the country of Hungary, and back in the Iron age, Hungary did not exist, and was infact part of the Scythian sphere.
History of Hungary
Hungary in its modern (post-1946) borders roughly corresponds to the Great Hungarian Plain (the Pannonian basin). During the Iron Age, it was at the boundary of Celtic, Illyrian and Iranian (Scythian) cultural spheres.
Link for photo
Alba Albanian flag
Royal Scoloti:
Now, Scythia was a "big" region.
It also took in an Iranian area known as Sogdiana.
The aristocrats were known as the Royal Scoloti.
Scythians
.[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians.
Scythia
Scythia
Sogdiana:
Now Sogdiana, whilst being part of Scythia, in turn, ruled an empire which stretched to the border of China.
Sogdia
Sogdia (/ˈsɒɡdiə/) (Sogdian: soɣd) or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian civilization that at different times included territory located in present-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khujand, Panjikent, and Shahrisabz. Sogdiana was also a province of the Achaemenid Empire,
Link for photo
Sogdia
Sogdiana princesses:
During the annexation of the empire by Alexander the Great, Alexander had Sogdiana princesses sent to breed with his Greek friends.
Biography
Antiochus I was half Sogdian,[2][3] his mother Apama, daughter of Spitamenes, being one of the eastern princesses whom Alexander the Great had given as wives to his generals in 324 BC.[4]
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Alexander the Great
Auld Edina:
It is likely that Scotlands current day capital city of Edinburgh (Auld Edina), from the root word Dun Eideann, is derived from the Royal Scoloti sogdiana.
Edinburgh
Edinburgh (/ˈɛdɪnbərə/ (📷listen);[8][9][10] Scots: Edinburgh; Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann
Link for photo
Athens of the North
Xiongnu:
Now, this is where the Xiongnu come in to this.
The Xiongnu were a "Nomadic" tribe, and one might know to suspect, that when you see the word "Nomadic" it is likely referring to a certain Aryan peoples that got Nomadism in to their DNA after requiring to leave their homelands during the younger dryas.
Xiongnu
The Xiongnu (Chinese: 匈奴; Wade–Giles: Hsiung-nu, [ɕjʊ́ŋ.nǔ]) were a tribal confederation[3] of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Eurasian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD. Chinese sources report that Modu Chanyu, the supreme leader after 209 BC, founded the Xiongnu Empire.[4]
Link for photo
Xiongnu territory
Huaxia people:
Now Chinese history draws a distinction between the more civilised Huaxia people (Indigenous Mongolians) and the more barbaric Nomadic Xiongnu.
Early history
.[19] It also draws a distinct line between the settled Huaxia people (Chinese) to the pastoral nomads (Xiongnu), characterizing it as two polar groups in the sense of a civilization versus an uncivilized society
Hua-Yi distinction:
It is called the Hua-Yi distinction.
Hua-Yi distinction
The distinction between Huá and (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huá Yí zhī biàn), also known as Sino–barbarian dichotomy,[1] is an ancient Chinese concept that differentiated a culturally defined "China" (called Huá, Huaxia 華夏; Huáxià, or Xià ) from cultural or ethnic outsiders (, conventionally "barbarians"). Although Yí is often translated as "barbarian", other translations of this term in English include "foreigners",[2]
Modu Chanyu:
Now, the Xiongnu under Mody Chanyu, almost overthrew the Chinese emperor.
State formation
After forging internal unity, Modu Chanyu expanded the empire on all sides. To the north he conquered a number of nomadic peoples, including the Dingling of southern Siberia. He crushed the power of the Donghu people of eastern Mongolia and Manchuria as well as the Yuezhi in the Hexi Corridor of Gansu, where his son, Jizhu, made a skull cup out of the Yuezhi king. Modu also reoccupied all the lands previously taken by the Qin general Meng Tian.
Under Modu's leadership, the Xiongnu threatened the Han dynasty, almost causing Emperor Gaozu, the first Han emperor, to lose his throne in 200 BC.[31]
Link for photo
Xiongnu expansion
Chinese princesses and Great wall of China:
The Chinese decided to build a great wall, as a border to define the territory between Xiongnu and China, and to attempt to appease the Xiongnu, they began sending them Chinese princesses, along with other gifts including money and alcohol.
Marraige diplomacy
The Han sent princesses to marry Xiongnu leaders in their efforts to stop the border raids. Along with arranged marriages, the Han sent gifts to bribe the Xiongnu to stop attacking.[31] After the defeat at Pingcheng in 200 BC, the Han emperor abandoned a military solution to the Xiongnu threat. Instead, in 198 BC , the courtier Liu Jing&action=edit&redlink=1) [zh)] was dispatched for negotiations. The peace settlement eventually reached between the parties included a Han princess given in marriage to the chanyu (called heqin) (Chinese: 和親; lit.: 'harmonious kinship'); periodic gifts to the Xiongnu of silk, distilled beverages and rice; equal status between the states; and the Great Wall as mutual border.
Cant beat them, join them:
However, the raids did not stop, and the Hans Chinese decided to attempt to forge an alliance with them.
Marraige diplomacy
The Xiongnu also practiced marriage alliances with Han dynasty officers and officials who defected to their side. The older sister of the Chanyu (the Xiongnu ruler) was married to the Xiongnu General Zhao Xin, the Marquis of Xi who was serving the Han dynasty. The daughter of the Chanyu was married to the Han Chinese General Li Ling after he surrendered and defected.[39][40][41][42] Another Han Chinese General who defected to the Xiongnu was Li Guangli, general in the War of the Heavenly Horses, who also married a daughter of the Chanyu.[43]
Envoy:
Behind the backs of the Xiongnu, the Hans Chinese sent an envoy to go and explore the Western world and try and find an ally to help fight the Xiongnu, however the information received back from the envoy, put China into a state of emergency, and expelling the Xiongnu became a matter of urgency.
It is not know exactly what the message was, but i assume it was along the lines of "those people are everywhere".
Han xiongnu war
The Han dynasty made preparations for war when the Han Emperor Wu dispatched the explorer Zhang Qian to explore the mysterious kingdoms to the west and to form an alliance with the Yuezhi people in order to combat the Xiongnu. During this time Zhang married a Xiongnu wife, who bore him a son, and gained the trust of the Xiongnu leader.[45][46][47][48][49][50][51] While Zhang Qian did not succeed in this mission,[52] his reports of the west provided even greater incentive to counter the Xiongnu hold on westward routes out of China,
Link for photo
Han China
Southern Xiongnu & Northern xiongnu:
The result of the war, was that the Chinese would be successful in putting a barrier between themselves and the Xiongnu, by placing a southern Xiongnu between themselves and a Northern Xiongnu.
Southern Xiongnu and Northern Xiongnu
In 48 AD, a confederation of eight Xiongnu tribes in Bi's power base in the south, with a military force totalling 40,000 to 50,000 men, seceded from Punu's kingdom and acclaimed Bi as chanyu. This kingdom became known as the Southern Xiongnu.
600 year empire destroyed:
In the year 439 AD, 600 years of Xiongnu living in this area came to an end, and finally China rid themselves of the last remnants of Xiongnu.
Juqu and)
By 439, the Juqu power was destroyed by the Northern Wei. Their remnants were then settled in the city of Gaochang before being destroyed by the Rouran.
Tribute:
Now, the Xiongnu done to the Chinese, exactly what the Huns would do to the Romans.
Significance
The Xiongnu confederation was unusually long-lived for a steppe empire. The purpose of raiding China was not simply for goods, but to force the Chinese to pay regular tribute.
Contemporary understanding:
Now, believe it or not, the Xiongnu being the same group as the Huns, is actually now the contemporary view amongst historians and scholars.
However contemporary, is not the same thing as general consensus.
Huns
.[70] Although the theory that the Xiongnu were precursors of the Huns known later in Europe is now accepted by many scholars, it has yet to become a consensus view.
Link for photo
Hunnic invasion
Turkic descendency:
Now, Turks claim that the Xiongnu were Turkish, because they are descended from Xiongnu.
However ascended, and descended, are two different things.
I am sure it is possible, that by the time the Sogdians came out of Mongolia, they were now quite Turkic.
Turkic
Uyghur Khagans claimed descent from the Xiongnu (according to Chinese history Weishu, the founder of the Uyghur Khaganate was descended from a Xiongnu ruler).[86]
Both the 7th-century Chinese History of the Northern Dynasties[87] and the Book of Zhou,[88] an inscription in the Sogdian language, report the Göktürks to be a subgroup of the Xiongnu.[89][90]
Iranian ancestors:
However, scholars tend to agree that when the Xiongnu first arrived in Mongolia, they were Northern Iranian speakers.
Iranian
Harold Walter Bailey proposed an Iranian origin of the Xiongnu, recognizing all the earliest Xiongnu names of the 2nd century BC as being of the Iranian type.[9] This theory is supported by turkologist Henryk Jankowski).[10] Central Asian scholar Christopher I. Beckwith notes that the Xiongnu name could be a cognate of Scythian, Saka and Sogdia, corresponding to a name for Northern Iranians.[27][
Chinese Hun:
Now, the word the Chinese used to refer to the Xiongnu as, translates pretty much in to English as "Hun".
Some may mistake this as the word "Hun" having Chinese origins.
However, it is more likely that the Chinese referred to them by a word similar to Hun, because, that is what the Xiongnu of the time likely referred to themselves as.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 18:53 3375000000 The "End Times", the Bible, and Divine Numbers

Time

We are currently in an important transition period of human history as we finish out the old ways of doing, and being, and usher in a new Era of peace, love, and enlightenment. The Bible contains messages/warnings of these times, in both The Book of Daniel and Revelation.
In this article, we will discuss how we have entered a final set of allotted days, the synchronistic and Divine creation of the Bible, and how it is all based upon Pi.
Daniel and Revelation both discuss certain periods of time which are supposed to take place at the end of the world's age. Daniel mentions periods such as:
Revelation reiterates the relevance of the 1260 days, and refers to it in multiple ways such as by saying "a time, and times, and half a time" (1 + 2 + .5). A "time" is a set of 360 days, and so 360 * 3.5 = 1260. This period is also called the "42 months" because a prophetic month is 30 days, and 42 * 30 = 1260.
Continuing forward, the timeline is confirmed and expanded by the Mayan King K’inich Janaab’ Pakal, ruler of the Maya city-state of Palenque. This king dubbed himself the messenger of the time cycles and left us an important prophecy. The prophecy simply tells us that there will first be a period of 1144 years. Those 1144 years are made up of 22 cycles of 52 years. The first 13 cycles are called Heavens, and the last 9 cycles are called Hells. Then there are another 13 Heavens and 9 Hells, 22 cycles of 360 days totaling 7920 days. Then there are 40 days, then 1260 days, and finally 60 days.
The chosen numbers for the timeline are synchronistic. 360 is 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 and 7920 is 8 * 9 * 10 * 11.
The numbers of the timeline, and the timeline itself, were designed specially so it would coincide with Pi. 360 is one of the "self locating" numbers of Pi, occurring at the end of 360 digits. Another example of this is that if you sum every decimal digit of Pi before the first occurrence of "7920", you get 14159, the first five digits of Pi! It's also interesting to note that 5280, the number of feet in a mile, multiplied by 1.5, is 7920. There are 7920 inches in a furlong, and the diameter of the Earth is approximately 7920 miles.
14159 is the first five decimal digits of Pi, and also the first prime number of it. Multiplying 14159 by 2 gives 28318, a number which has its first appearance in Pi at the end of 12600 digits. The 1260 days of the Bible * 10 equals this number. Then, summing those 12600 digits of Pi equals 56636 which is 14159 * 4!
When searching for a doubled prime number in Pi, 28318 (1667th prime * 2) is the first doubled prime to satisfy the fact that the digits leading up to and including its first occurrence in Pi, sum to a multiple of the prime. This is proven here.

Primer

To study some of the subjects later in this article, we will have to know the basics about some things:
The Bible is made up of 66 books. The Old Testament contains 39 books/929 chapters written in Hebrew. The New Testament contains 27 books/260 chapters written in Greek. There are 31102 verses and 1189 chapters in total.
To investigate certain subjects, we will be using the lexicon in Strong's Bible Concordance. This lexicon takes all of the original Hebrew/Greek root words of the Bible and puts them in alphabetical order. This list was originally published in 1890 by James Strong.
For example, if you take all of the Greek root words of the New Testament and put them in alphabetical order, "Jesus" becomes word #2424. The order was designed in this way because 2424 first appears in Pi at the end of 1111 digits, a very spiritually significant number.

Gematria

Gematria is an alphanumeric code of assigning a numerical value to a name, word or phrase based on its letters. Gematria is technically a Hebrew practice, and Isopsephy is its Greek counterpart. We can use the word "gematria" interchangeably to describe the assignment of numbers to letters, whether they be Hebrew, Greek, or English. The method for calculating the gematria, however, will change between languages.
To tie some of these concepts together, let's examine the Greek word for Jesus:
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous) Ι Iota 10 η Eta 8 σ Sigma 200 ο Omicron 70 υ Upsilon 400 σ Sigma 200 Add the values of each Greek letter for the total of 888 
Triple digit repeating numbers stand out, and cause you to ponder whether they are there by coincidence, or if they have deeper meaning. As Jesus was the focus of the New Testament, Israel was the focus of the Old Testament. The Hebrew word for Israel has a gematria value of 541 which is noteworthy, as it is the 100th prime numbe10th star number, and also occurs in Pi directly next to 2424, the number of Jesus, like so: 2424 541
Examples of different Gematria Ciphers
Date/NumbeGematria Analyzer Multi-tool — download link available here

Making Sense of Numbers

When one analyzes numbers, it is important to keep in mind that any number can mean anything, and that one should use precaution to interpret the best fitting meaning for that number. The number 104 can have multiple meanings:

Numbers of the Bible

The Bible was masterfully crafted so that it would contain numbers relevant to Pi. 262 is a fundamental number of reality as the first 262 decimal digits of Pi, Phi, and e all sum to the same number, 1192. The 262nd prime number is 1667 and the 1667th prime number is 14159, the first 5 decimal digits of Pi. It goes on that the number "1667" first occurs in Pi with a 3 immediately following it as 16673. 262 + 1667 = 1929, and the 1929th prime number is 16673.
262 + 667 = 929, the number of chapters in the Old Testament. The New Testament contains 260 chapters, the same number of days in the Mayan Tzolkʼin cycle.
When you add 929 to 260 you get 1189, a master number of the timeline. This will be explained further:

17

The number 17 seems to somehow represent God, or the Divine. This is why the first Grand Lodge in Freemasonry was founded in 1717. Francis Bacon had a serious impact/involvement in Freemasonry and Rosicrucianism, and the number values for his name using Pythagorean Cipher (now called Full Reduction Gematria) is "Francis" (34) "Bacon" (17) for a total of 51. To add upon this synchronicity, his wife's name "Alice Barnham" also sums to 51, and she was born on 5/14/1592 (Pi is 3.141592). This is also why we have the base named "Area 51", as 51 is 17 * 3, and 17 represents a godlike being. A common theory suggests that this base has had contact with or knowledge of aliens, so the number 51 reflects this, as aliens are considered to be godlike in their advanced consciousness and technological capabilities.
To continue with 17, we also see that the 17th letter of the alphabet is "Q", with "Q" being the name of the godlike and mischievous being in Star Trek. It's also the name of the military intelligence operation which has gained much notoriety, which started on 10/28/2017.
As the Bible contains 1189 chapters, it is important to note that 189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. We also see a synchronicity take place as we raise our awareness to the fact that 189 Jesuit institutions of higher learning exist throughout the world.
From this we see the emergence of a "Pi Code". A hidden way to express a concept based on a number's association with Pi. As for the year of Alice Barnham's birth, 1592 is considered a special number because 7777 first appears in Pi at the end of 1592 digits. We could additionally point out the 51 seen in Alice Barnham's birthday, or how the 5 taken from the month multiplied by the year 1592 = 7960, or 7920 + 40 like from Pakal's timeline.
It is known well that 3.14 is equal to Pi, and such a confounding relationship presents when one observes that if you take the first 314 digits of Pi, they sum to 1392, then 1392 digits of Pi sum to 6251, a number which intersects the numbers appearing at the end of 1717 digits of Pi like so 625189. We also see that 6251 digits of Pi sum to 28318, a number which is well known to be the first five digits of 2Pi.
The whole of the timeline seems to boil down to a 17 in one way or another. The year the 1260 days ends is 2023, which is 7 * 17 * 17.

Divine Construction of the Bible

We have discussed 929, 260, and 1189, as well as 17, 51, and 189, so we will now introduce 294 and 895.
294 occurs directly next to the number 895 in Pi, and these are the first two numbers to occur directly next to each other while summing to 1189. This is why the mode (as in mean/median/mode) for gematria totals in the Bible is 895.
Another important Pi code is 691, which first appears in Pi at the end of 895 digits. The 691st prime is 5189, and 5189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. 51 is 17 * 3 and 8 + 9 = 17. We also see that 17 * 17 is 289, and 289 occurs at the end of 1586 digits, as 691 + 895 = 1586. 1586 digits of Pi sum to 7200, the number of days in the Mayan calendar unit called the "kʼatun".
249 first appears in Pi at the end of 294 digits, and 249 represented in duodecimal is 189. We also see that 51 digits of Pi sum to 249 and 249 digits of Pi sum to 1129, the 189th prime number.
On top of this, we see that the verse with the largest gematria total in the Bible is Luke 6:42, which is the 25189th total verse of the Bible. It was designed in this way because 25189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits.
According to Biblewheel's database of the original Hebrew and Greek text, there are 445797 words in the Bible. If you divide this by the 31102 verses of the Bible, you get 14.333 which is profound because 14333 first appears in Pi at the end of 1700 digits, as 1700 is a very important Pi/Timeline code.
The Bible is made up of sections of 297 or 3 * 3 * 33 chapters. Therefore 1189 is also represented as 297 + 297 + 1 + 297 + 297. The middle chapter of the Bible is Psalm 117, which is also the shortest chapter of the Bible, containing 33 English words.
Chapter #297 is 1 Kings 6:1, which discusses the building of Solomon's Temple. Interestingly, this is even the 8898th verse in the Bible, as 1931 (294th prime) + 6967 (895th prime) = 8898.

261 - 262 - 263

By observing the way that primes sequence next to each other, we see three numbers stand out distinctly in decimal:
Number: 260 Prime #260 is 1657 The sum of these two numbers is 1917 Prime #1917 is 16561 Number: 261 Prime #261 is 1663 The sum of these two numbers is 1924 Prime #1924 is 16633 (matches 1663) Number: 262 Prime #262 is 1667 The sum of these two numbers is 1929 Prime #1929 is 16673 (matches 1667) Number: 263 Prime #263 is 1669 The sum of these two numbers is 1932 Prime #1932 is 16699 (matches 1669) Number: 264 Prime #264 is 1693 The sum of these two numbers is 1957 Prime #1957 is 16979 
Using this formula, a special balancing point takes place in the decimal numbering system in which the numbers 261, 262, and 263 seem to "self-resolve" or revolve back on themselves. The middle number, 262, of these perfect three numbers, is extraordinarily special because its 1667th prime number is 14159, the first five decimal digits of Pi! Another interesting fact to point out is that 260 multiplied by 1.5 is 390, a number which occurs at the end of 1189 digits of Pi.
This fact may clue us in as to why the New Testament has 260 chapters, which is also the number of days in the Tzolkʼin cycle. There are 260 standard numbers before this anomaly occurs. The numbers then run out of range, and this balancing point does not take place again in the sequence of infinite primes.
The sum of divisors for 260 is 588 which is 294 * 2, and the sum of divisors for 261 is 390. Also, 261 digits of Pi sum to 1188. What's most interesting is the fact that the number 262 as well as 263 both hone in on the number 7920 in Pi, the number used for Pakal's timeline.
Prime #262 is 1667, and prime #1667 is 14159. When you sum every digit of Pi before the number 7920, you arrive at 14159. Including the number 7920 in your digit sum test gives you 14177. We see that 14159 is prime #1667 and 14177 is prime #1669, just as these numbers fall right next to each other in the sequence of primes.
It's interesting how 16633 + 16699 = 33332, or how 16633 + 16673 + 16699 = 50005, a nice palindromic number. We also see that 1663 + 1667 + 1669 = 4999, the number which appears by a famous area of Pi called the Feynman point. This area contains the digits 134999999

Timeline Fundamentals

Here is the base timeline which the Bible references with encoded numbers:
In addition to this base timeline, there are some supplementary dates:
222 is an extremely relevant number of the timeline, which can be seen by the fact that 5/31/2017, 7/20/2019, and 2/9/2023, are all day 222 of the Tzolkʼin cycle (meaning these dates are all a multiple of 260 days apart). It's also interesting to point out that the 222nd prime number is 1399, and 1399 days after 11/12/1997 is 9/11/2001. 9/10/2001 was actually the last day of Coptic year 1717. We spoke of 294 above, which first occurs in Pi like this: 2294 895. 2294 - 895 = 1399.
From 12/21/2012 to 4/25/2023 is 3777 days, which can also be represented as 1399 + 1189 + 1189.
As 4/25/2023 is also considered to be the completion of a final 1189 day period, the midle day (595th day) of that final 1189 day period is 9/7/2021, day 222 of the Tzolkʼin, and also the first day of Hebrew Civil Year 5782.
Let's work in the numbers 691, 895, and 5189 again now that we have a basic understanding of the timeline. 5189 - 895 = 4294, and of course we see that the number 294 has been revealed from this simple calculation, but there is two ways in which 4294 relates to the timeline:
We see that this type of alignment causes an almost undeniable "synchronicity" to take place. This is because 9/11/2001 takes place 1 day forward from the last day of Coptic Year 1717, and because 4/11/2020 also takes place 1 day forward in a similar way:
Back to the number 1399: We also see that 1399 backwards is 9931, and 9931 first appears in Pi at the end of 22222 digits. 9931 is the 1225th prime like 12/25 for Christmas. The importance of the number 222 is seen in pop culture, such as in 222 Records by Adam Levine, who founded his company on 2/9/2012, a date which seems to closely resemble 2/9/2023.
9/11/2001 is an example of a date which is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible, or by King Pakal, but is a date which is closely aligned with other timeline dates nonetheless. For example, 9 * 9 * 9 * 9 or 6561 days after 9/11/2001 is 8/29/2019, the start of the 1260 days. Terminator 2: Judgment Day, names the date 8/29/1997 as “Judgment Day”, a day in which nuclear destruction occurs in the movie. This date is 22 years before the actual 1260 day period.
9/23/2017 is a date which is commonly believed to be the fulfillment of the prophecy mentioned in Revelation 12. This is interesting as 222 first appears in Pi at the end of 1737 digits, and because 12/21/2012 + 1737 days = 9/23/2017.
One last attribute of the number 222 which I will mention is that the first 222 digits of Pi sum to 1005, and 7/24/2020 + 1005 days = 4/25/2023.
Another important date of the timeline is 5/14/1948, the founding of Israel. Three examples of how this date relates to the timeline:

Pi / Timeline Codes (abridged)

666 is the "number of the beast", the number which is mentioned in Revelation 13:18. This is a number which points us to multiple timeline dates. 666 first appears in Pi at the end of 2442 digits. 2442 is 1221 * 2:
12/21/2012 + 2442 days = 8/29/2019, the start of 1260 days
We also see that 666 digits of Pi sum to 2961:
12/21/2012 + 2961 days = 1/29/2021, the completion of a 1189 day period which started on 10/28/2017 (Q start date).

Biblical Code Confirmation

One way we can verify the timeline is by looking deeper into the Bible verses themselves. For example:
Daniel 12:12 (KJV) Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
In this verse, the word for "waiteth" is Hebrew word #2442. As a reminder, 12/21/2012 + 2442 days = 8/29/2019, the start of the 1260 / 1290 / 1335 days. We now see that 2442 and 1335 are complimentary numbers, and that 2442 + 1335 = 3777.
The relationship between 2442 and 1335 is seen in other sections of the Bible as well. See these two verses:
Matthew 24:42 (KJV) Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
Mark 13:35 (KJV) Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning:
The verses mirror each other almost exactly and reiterate to us the fact that 2442 and 1335 are complimentary numbers of the timeline. We also see that Matthew 24:42 is the 24000th total verse of the Bible. With this verse placed at an even 1000 verses, it lends credibility to the idea that this was a "planned synchronicity" rather than just a coincidence. Daniel's verse was the 22094th total verse, showing the number 2294, which first occurs next to 895 in Pi.
I try to refrain from giving too much information at once, but most of the Bible is strongly based off of Pi. Even the important names are usually created from Pi. The word "Moses" is H4872 because the number "487" first appears in Pi with a 2 after it like so: 4872. We see that from the start of Daniel's 70 weeks to the 1260 days is 487: 4/29/2018 -> 8/29/2019 = 487 days ... Then a connection occurs as 4872 digits of Pi sum to 22094.
For additional confirmation, we see that the number 829 (representative of 8/29/2019) first appears in Pi like so 829 2540. Greek word #2540 means "time", and is first used in this verse:
Matthew 8:29 (1611 Authorized Version) — And behold, they cryed out, ſaying, What haue we to doe with thee, Ieſus thou ſonne of God? Art thou come hither to torment vs befor yͤ time? Verse #23375 (Ch. #937) — 18 words, 80 letters — Total = 7147
The importance of this verse is confirmed by the fact that it is the first verse in the New Testament of the 1611 KJV to use the special word abbreviation "yͤ" which stands for "the". We also see the number 3375 in the total verse number, which is 15 cubed, and the sum of every digit of Pi before the "Feynman Point" (999999).
We then see that Greek word #2540 is the same word used for "time" in this verse of Revelation which mentions the 1260 days:
Revelation 12:14 (KJV) — And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. Verse #30906 (Ch. #1179) — 32 words, 153 letters — Total = 17897
This verse contains a very important code which relates to the 1260 days. The 1260 days are mentioned 7 times in the Bible, twice in Daniel, and five times in Revelation. Revelation 12:14 is the only verse in Revelation that uses the term "time, and times, and half a time" to refer to the 1260 days. This causes the verse to stand out. The term "great eagle" is used only three times in the Bible, with this verse being the last occurrence, and Ezekiel 17:3 being the first occurrence. This rare phrase links Ezekiel 17:3 and Revelation 12:14 together. Ezekiel 17:3 also stands out significantly because it is the only verse in the original 1611 King James Bible to use the apostrophe (') punctuation character.
Ezekiel 17:3 is verse #20829, another code for 8/29/2019. If you move up 1000 verses, you arrive at verse #21829, which is Daniel 3:21, the only verse in the Bible to use Hebrew word #6361, as 6361 is the 829th prime number. If you then move up another 130 verses, you arrive at verse #21959 which is the first of two verses in Daniel which mentions the 1260 days. Move up 130 more verses and you arrive at verse #22089, the second of two verses of Daniel mentioning the 1260 days.
In total you have moved up 1260 verses from Ezekiel 17:3 to arrive at the last mention of the 1260 days in Daniel. 173 is also an interesting number as it is the 40th prime, and the 40 day period ends on 8/29/2019.

Pi / Timeline Codes (continued)

We have stated the significance of 1667. It first appears in Pi at the end of 10499 digits:
We then see that:
10/28/2017 is the start of a 1189 day period, and this particular period can be broken up into 895 + 294 days:
1000 days after 10/28/2017 is 7/24/2020. We have already noted that 189 days + 7/24/2020 = 1/29/2021. 189 digits of Pi sum to 843.
Many numbers have dual/multiple meanings. For example, the Bible mentions the number 12000 numerous times (Revelation says that 12000 are sealed from each tribe) because 7140 first appears in Pi at the end of 12000 digits. This relates to the timeline as such:
As 5/31/2017 is known for being the start of 2300 sacrifices, another relevant Pi Code is seen by the fact that Hebrew word #1818 means "blood". 1818 first appears in Pi at the end of 1575 digits, and those 1575 digits of Pi sum to 7140. Blood is shed when a sacrifice occurs.
It's interesting that 5/31/2017 is 780 or 260 * 3 days from 7/20/2019. Adding 780 days to 11/12/1997 brings you to 1/1/2000, the start of the new millennium. Other interesting alignments exist in the timeline as 9/30/2019 (First day of Hebrew Civil Year 5780) + 1189 days = 1/1/2023.
7/26/2020 is a date encoded into the Bible as the "Harvest", and is often seen as the start date for the age of Aquarius. There are 2184 days in one degree (1/360th) of each 2152 year Zodiac age. 2184 is an interesting number because 2184 digits of Pi sum to 10000. We then see that:
11/12/1997 + 1740 + 2184 + 2184 + 2184 days = 7/26/2020
This was a highly planned synchronicity for 2184 to be the number of days in a degree because 2184 first appears in Pi at the end of 1740 digits. There are 2184 * 360 or 786240 days in a Zodiac age and 786240 * 12 or 9434880 days in the complete 25831 year Zodiac Time cycle. From this we see another planned synchronicity as 2184 + 1740 = 3924, and 3924 digits of Pi sum to 17916. 10/24/1948 -> 11/12/1997 = 17916 days and 10/24/1948 -> 7/26/2020 = 26208 days, as 26208 * 360 = 9434880.
We then see that 3924 first appears in Pi at the end of 7473 digits, and adding 7473 days to the start of the 7920 days gives you the date 4/29/2018, which is the start of the 70 weeks of Daniel.
An important aspect of the time code is that certain numbers can be generated by summing digits consecutively like so: 104 digits of Pi sum to 492 ... 492 digits of Pi sum to 2184 ... 2184 digits of Pi sum to 10000
We see the Mayan Long count for 5/31/2017 is 13.0.4.9.2, and how the start of the 1150 days, and the start of the 70 weeks are spaced 333 days apart.
12/21/2012 is a very important timeline date, and it is interesting to note that the second occurrence of 1221 appears in Pi like so 5519 1221. This is also the second occurrence of 5519 in Pi. The number 5519 is the 729th prime number, or the 9 * 9 * 9th prime number. 12/21/2012 is the 5519th day of the 7920 days!
While we're at it, we should show why Daniel split up his 70 weeks into 7 weeks + 62 weeks + 1 week. The first 69 weeks equal 483 days, a very special number of Pi, because 483 is the three digit number which takes the longest to have its first occurrence in Pi. This means that every other 3 digit number has at least one occurrence in Pi before the first occurrence of 483. 483 first occurs in Pi at the end of 8555 digits.
6716 is the four digit number which takes the longest to see its first occurrence in Pi.
Daniel mentions the significance of the middle day (4th day) of the final week of the 70 weeks, and says that a sacrifice ceases on this day. That day which is singled out is 8/28/2019, the first day of the Tzolkʼin cycle.
On top of this, we see that from the start of the 70 weeks to the start of the 1260 days is 487 days. 487 is a special number because it first appears in Pi like this 216829 989487 2 2658
The Pi code was designed to be very synchronistic with the given timeline. An example of this is how we see 216 and 829 besides each other in Pi above. This could be interpreted to mean:
6 * 6 * 6 or 216 days after 8/29/2019 = 4/1/2020 (start of 10 day period in Revelation)
The Pi code is special because you could also interpret this to mean 6829 days after 4/1/2020, which is 12/12/2038 (13.1.6.6.7)
The total length of time from 11/12/1997 to 4/25/2023 is 9295 days. 9295 first appears in Pi at the end of 7715 digits like so: 2402 9295. This is relevant because 2402 days after 12/21/2012 is 7/20/2019, completion of the 7920 days.
This is also what seems to make 691 such a deep number. 691 first appears in Pi at the end of 895 digits 1776 691. Its second occurrence is like this 7715 691
7/26/2020 is also considered as the middle day of a 1189 day period, which would make the completion of this period 3/13/2022, 8887 days after 11/12/1997. 3/13/2022 - 895 days = 9/30/2019, Hebrew date: 7/1/5780. 7/26/2020 is also the 117th day of a period which begins on 4/1/2020, just as Psalm 117 is the middle and 595th chapter of the Bible.
The 1000th prime number is 7919, one less than 7920, the number we studied above. 7919 * 2 = 15838, and 15838 digits of Pi sum to 71214.
7/26/2020 has the long count 13.0.7.12.14
12/21/2012 -> 5/7/2016 = 1233 days. This is a special date because we see that the number 1233 occurs for the first time in Pi like so: 2774 7 1233 88 1740 with 1233 at the end of 22470 digits... This is significant because 12/21/2012 + 2774 days = 7/26/2020
Then, we see that the long count for 5/7/2016 is 13.0.3.7.13, which is special because 3713 first appears in Pi at the end of 1929 digits!
Finally, 5/7/2016 -> 7/26/2020 = 1541 days, and 1541 first appears in Pi at the end of 5280 digits, directly next to the first occurrence of the number 3418. This is a special alignment, as we see that the actual digits 5280 first appear in Pi at the end of 3418 digits.
Prime #1541 is 12941 (294 seen) and 1541 digits of Pi sum to 6967 (the 895th prime number)
There is seemingly no limit to the vast synchronicity of this timeline. As 4/25/2023 is the completion of the 1335 days, we see that 1003 first appears in Pi at the end of 12294 digits, like so: 1003 1541
Remember that 4/15/2014 is the first blood moon of a tetrad, and is also the middle day or 595th day of a 1189 day period. We see that 595 first appears in Pi at the end of 415 digits.
To relate 6/29/2016 to Pi again, we see how 552 first appears in Pi at the end of 1665 digits
12/26/2014 is an ultimate timeline date.
This is why the famous word "giraffe" is loved by occultists, as the numbers of it show as:
g i r a f f e 7 9 18 1 6 6 5 
7/17/2019 is both the 7918th day of one period of time and the 1665th day of another.

Other Timeline Dates

Another one of the very significant dates of the timeline is 7/17/2019. This date is symbolic of the crucifixion of Jesus, as he arose 3 days later, and 7/20/2019 then marks the completion of the 7920 day period.
Matthew 20:19 (KJV) — And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again. Verse #23812 (Ch. #949) — 17 words, 98 letters — Total = 10425
We have mentioned above that 7/20/2019 takes place 25999 days after the founding of Israel, which is interesting as the 25999th verse of the Bible is:
Luke 24:7 (KJV) — Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. Verse #25999 (Ch. #997) — 19 words, 107 letters — Total = 13766
We have mentioned above the significance of the number 262. A similar number to this is 232. The 232nd prime number is 1459, and 232 + 459 = 691. 232 first appears in Pi like so 627 232 7917 8608. This is interesting because:
7/17/2019 is a very synchronistic and relevant date for multiple reasons. First, the diameter of Earth is sometimes stated as 7917 miles, or is rounded up to 7920 miles, depending on the source. Also, the 717 in 7/17/2019 is a representation for 1717. We have already stated that 189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. This date is special because if you add 189 days to it, you arrive to 1/22/2020, the start of a 1189 day period. The middle day/595th day of this section is 9/7/2021 which is the 222nd day of the Tzolkʼin cycle, and the first day of Hebrew Civil Year 5782.
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2020.09.19 08:05 secretymology TIL 10 things about Zoom software and its shadowy founder Eric Yuan

Having wondered about the readiness of Zoom (like the contact tracing contracts and pandemic protocols of Event201) to ’facilitate’ our current predicament, and never having heard of it until the lockdowns, I thought I’d delve further into its mysterious founder and foundation. A shallow skim revealed:
1) Founder was ‘inspired’ by Bill Gates:
When Eric Yuan was in his early 20s, he heard a speech from then-Microsoft CEO Bill Gates about the promise of the internet, and Yuan decided he wanted to move from China to the US to be a part of the Silicon Valley tech boom.
Today, Yuan is the 49-year-old founder and CEO of videoconferencing cloud software company Zoom, which debuted on the Nasdaq exchange on Thursday in an IPO that currently values the company at more than $16 billion.
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/18/zoom-ipo-bill-gates-speech-inspired-founder-to-move-to-us.html
2) Relationship with Gates (and Microsoft) not so friendly these days. Microsoft’s Skype pushing for pole position. Was Microsoft responsible for the “hacks”?
Zoom has been around since 2011, but many people discovered it for the first time as the novel coronavirus made social distancing a requirement and online meetings became more common.
But the company’s privacy and security isn’t up to par and hackers had a field day disrupting meetings with threats, homophobic and racist messages or by showing pornographic images, according to The Associated Press:
And that’s just to name a few.
On a newly created page on Skype’s website, Microsoft is promoting Skype’s features, which are similar to Zoom’s with better security.
https://investorplace.com/2020/04/zooms-missteps-are-an-opening-for-microsoft-stock/
3) For a man now apparently worth $17.7b, Wikipedia doesn’t seem to know - or want to reveal - much of Eric Yuan’s basic biography, his date of birth of even the name of his wife. Vagueness about his past, with a typical rags-t—riches narrative (dreaming of leaving China, refused US visa 8 times etc) might suggest a fabricated or sheep-dipped person.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Yuan
4) Great sense of timing - In 2019, Zoom became a public company via an initial public offering, at which time Yuan became a billionaire. His wealth has increased during COVID-19 pandemic, as Zoom has benefited from the shift to online work and teaching.
The 50-year-old billionaire's net worth jumped 396.5% to $17.7 billion in 2020 so far, as the rest of the world suffers through an economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Yuan
5) In April 2020, Citizen Lab warned that having much of Zoom's research and development in China could "open up Zoom to pressure from Chinese authorities." In June 2020, Zoom was criticized for closing multiple accounts of U.S. and Hong-Kong based groups, including that of Zhou Fengsuo and two other human rights activists, who were commemorating the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. The accounts were later re-opened, with the company stating that in the future it "will have a new process for handling similar situations."
Zoom responded that it has to "comply with local laws," even "the laws of governments opposed to free speech." Zoom subsequently admitted to shutting down activist accounts at the request of the Chinese government.
https://citizenlab.ca/2020/04/move-fast-roll-your-own-crypto-a-quick-look-at-the-confidentiality-of-zoom-meetings/
6) Zoom initially claimed to use "end-to-end encryption" in its marketing materials, but later clarified it meant "from Zoom end point to Zoom end point" (meaning effectively between Zoom servers and Zoom clients), which The Intercept described as misleading and "dishonest".
https://theintercept.com/2020/03/31/zoom-meeting-encryption/
7) Whereas Huawei is currently mistrusted, Governments, Intelligence and various topical agencies clearly aren’t too worried about Zoom’s connections to China and the likelihood of espionage:
“Yesterday, Forbes revealed U.S. agencies handling the coronavirus response had spent a collective $1.3 million on Zoom tech in just a few days at the end of March. Not only had the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) spent hundreds of thousands on Zoom for COVID-19-related webinars and calls, but other government agencies had bought into the tech, too. That included the State Department and one organization that was the alleged victim of a major Chinese hack, the Office of Personnel Management, in a breach that saw the private data of 21 million Americans leak. The U.K. government is also a well-known user of the tool, hosting critical cabinet meetings over Zoom.”
This is Forbes though, the organisation that recently brought us the advice not to question anything we hear and warned that speaking English can spread COVID...
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewste2020/04/03/warning-zoom-sends-encryption-keys-to-china-sometimes/#83f3bde3fd94
8) Zoom employees apparently ranked themselves happiest in US:
“Job-listing site Comparably just released its annual ranking of major U.S. companies with the happiest employees, and Zoom was ranked No. 1! The Happiest Employees 2019 list was based on anonymous employee feedback submitted to Comparably about fair pay, perks, benefits, and work environment.
The list was peppered with leading technology organizations, including Microsoft, Google, and Salesforce, with social media platform LinkedIn and retail giant Costco ranking Nos. 2 and 3, respectively. But it’s no surprise that the company whose core mission is “Delivering Happiness” is atop the list of organizations with the happiest employees.”
Judging by some of the other companies on this list, I’m not convinced this information can be fully trusted.
https://blog.zoom.us/zoom-employees-happiest/
9) Alongside other questionable billionaires, Yuan is helping to “combat the health crisis and boost the economy”:
“Billionaires like tech tycoon Bill Gates; Eric Yuan, CEO of Zoom; Bernard Arnault, CEO of LVMH, Brian Chesky, CEO of Airbnb; Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban and a host of others are using their financial resources to help combat the health crisis and boost the economy.”
No further details provided here about the specifics of this valuable assistance...I would assume the article might be referring to the use of zoom technology to connect patients and doctors etc, but surely this could hardly be construed as altruistic.
https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/04/07/20/manny-villar-remains-philippines-richest-with-net-worth-at-p2829-billion-forbes
10) Not so great timing - The firm’s founder and CEO Eric Yuan has personally sold $38 million worth of shares already in 2020. He unloaded $10.5 million in January, $12.5 million in February, and $15.5 million in March, according to related SEC filings.
Strange timing. Can anyone explain why a man - and other major investors in Zoom - would do such a thing to his own company up until only days before the bonanza hit? Was he truly unaware of the goldmine awaiting him, or is this evidence of something more witting and nefarious?
https://thenextweb.com/hardfork/2020/04/06/zoom-execs-sold-millions-stock-coronavirus-pumped-share-price/
Only just beginning, so there is definitely more to come here, as I delve deeper.
Please feel free to supply your own ZOOMachinations in the comments.
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2020.09.19 00:42 lisagreenhouse Gary Michael Hilton, the National Forest Serial Killer, is known to have murdered four people. But his crimes and travels make it hard to believe there weren’t earlier victims. Are there more waiting to be discovered?

Who is Gary Michael Hilton?
Gary Michael Hilton, sometimes referred to as the National Forest Serial Killer, was a drifter who murdered at least four hikers in and around national forests in Florida, Georgia, and North Carolina between 2005 and 2008.
Hilton was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison in January 2008 for the murder of Meredith Emerson, 24. After that conviction, investigators across the country began looking into unsolved cases that were similar to Emerson’s, and Hilton was charged with and found guilty of three more killings. In 2011, he received the death penalty in a Florida court for the slaying of Cheryl Dunlap, 46. In March 2012, he plead guilty to the murders of John Bryant, 80, and Irene Bryant, 84 and a North Carolina court sentenced him to four consecutive life sentences.
Emerson, Dunlap, and the Bryants shared no specific victimology, instead it appears he chose them at random when he needed money. Investigators agree that his were crimes of opportunity, and they believe Hilton may have committed more murders across the southeast United States in the years before his four known victims were killed.
Hilton was born November 26, 1946. He had an unstable home life and varied criminal record that stretched from childhood until he was arrested for Emerson’s murder at the age of 61. In 1959, when he was just 13, Hilton reportedly shot his stepfather in a jealous rage over his mother. His stepfather didn’t press charges, but Hilton did spend some time in a mental hospital after the shooting.
At 17, Hilton joined the army, and he served from 1964 through 1967, including a tour in West Germany. He was honorably discharged in 1967 after he had been hospitalized for hearing voices and diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Hilton was married at least three times, but none of his marriages were long—the longest was just two years. He isn’t believed to have any children. His third wife was a security officer at Stone Mountain Park, a 3,000 acre park near Atlanta that offers camping, hiking, wooded trails, lakes, and family attractions, including the massive peak at its center that is carved with the likenesses of Confederate soldiers.
Hilton loved the outdoors. He hiked, camped, and frequently lived in forests and mountains around the south and southeast United States. He loved dogs, too, and had a dog named Dandy (sometimes reported as a golden retriever, other times described as red in color).
He never had steady employment; after leaving the army, he worked as a chauffeur in Florida from 1970 to 1972, and he was arrested in 1995 for stealing books he was hired to sell from a door-to-door sales company. From 1997 to 2007, he worked off and on handing out advertisements and doing odd jobs for a Gwinnett County, GA, siding company, but he permanently lost that job when he threatened to kill the company owner if he didn’t pay him $10,000.
Hilton also had ongoing legal troubles. He was convicted of a DUI in Florida in 1973; in 1983, he was convicted for carrying an unlicensed gun and a drug charge; he was found guilty of theft and marijuana possession in 1987; and he plead guilty to 21 counts of solicitation in 1995.
Samuel Rael, an attorney and filmmaker in Atlanta, admitted that in 1995 Hilton helped him develop the plot for the movie Deadly Run. The movie is about a man who stalks, hunts, and murders women in the woods, a storyline that has similarities to Hilton’s crimes. Rael had defended him in court multiple times since the mid-1980s for crimes ranging from arson and trespassing to solicitation of false charitable donations. Rael said Hilton, whom he considered a consultant on the project, came up with the idea of the main character releasing women into the woods to be hunted like prey and that he also helped select that cast and found the cabin in the woods near Cleveland, Georgia, where much of the movie was filmed. Meredith Emerson’s remains were found approximately 30 miles from that same cabin 13 years later. Investigators have said that Hilton was not considered a suspect in any murders or disappearances during the time the movie was being filmed.

Confirmed Victims
Victims are listed in the order of their disappearances and murders. However, his final victim, Meredith Emerson, was the first to be linked to Hilton. His implication in her murder helped solve the others.
Irene Bryant, 84, and John Bryant, 80, disappeared after driving 20 miles from their home to hike and look at fall colors in North Carolina’s Pisgah National Forest on October 21, 2007. The couple had been married for 58 years and loved traveling, hiking, and being outdoors. Their active lifestyle meant that they were sometimes hard to reach, and it took time for their neighbors and family to realize they were missing. Their son Bob reported them missing on November 2. He drove from his home in Texas to North Carolina to help search for his parents and discovered their vehicle at a trailhead parking lot. Investigators subpoenaed telephone and financial records and discovered that Irene had tried to call 911 around 4 p.m. on October 21 but the call didn’t go through. They couldn’t confirm whether the call failed due to lack of service or interference by another person. Financial records showed a bank withdrawal from their account at 7 p.m. the day after Irene attempted the 911 call. Security footage at the bank in Ducktown, Tennessee, 25 miles away from their vehicle, showed a slender man man in a hooded raincoat using the Bryant’s ATM card. Investigators couldn’t identify the person, but it was neither of the Bryants.
Irene’s body was found on November 9, covered with leaves and sticks, just 100 yards from where the couple’s vehicle was parked. She had been killed by a blow to the head and her arms and legs appeared to have also been beaten. Investigators speculated that her attacker had lain in wait on the trail or in the woods just beyond the parking lot.
John’s skeletal remains weren’t found until February 5, 2008 when a hunter stumbled across them.
On October 26, 2007, Hilton was stopped by a sheriff’s deputy while trespassing on private hunting land. Hilton tells the deputy he’s a paratrooper on field maneuvers, and, when asked if he’s carrying any weapons, he shows the officer an expandable police baton. The officer checks for open warrants and then lets him go. However, Hilton did have an open warrant for a minor 1972 offense in Miami, and he should have been detained.
In March 2012, Hilton plead guilty to murdering the Bryants, and he admitted to camping out in the parking lot, scouting for victims. Hilton admitted he had kidnapped Bryant from the parking lot, drove him to the Nantahala National Forest, walked him 30 feet down an embankment, and shot him in the head. It’s believed Hilton wasn’t certain he could control both victims at once, so he chose to kill Irene at the location and then use her death to intimidate and scare John into cooperating and giving him the couple’s ATM PIN number.
In the days before the Bryants’ murders, other hikers reported seeing, talking to, and even photographing and confronting Hilton in the Pisgah National Forest in the area where the Bryants were murdered. Along with pleading guilty of ambushing and killing the Bryants, Hilton also plead to robbery and firearms offenses in their case. He again accepted a plea deal to avoid the death penalty and was remanded to serve four additional life sentences consecutively with the life sentence already handed down for Emerson’s murder.
The Bryants are Hilton’s first known victims, although he was sentenced in their cases after being tried for his later crimes.
Cheryl Hodges Dunlap, 46, was a mother of two grown sons and a nurse and Sunday school teacher, She was last seen alive on December 1, 2007. She had gone hiking alone in Apalachicola National Forest in the Florida panhandle just outside Tallahassee at about 9 a.m. Friends reported her missing after she failed to show up to teach her Sunday school class on December 2 or arrive at work on Monday morning, December 3. Three days after she disappeared her car was found with a flat tire, parked on the shoulder of Highway 319 just outside of the national forest. A search of the area revealed nothing of use. However, an investigation into her digital footprint discovered bank withdrawals.
A little over a week after she went missing, authorities released surveillance photos of a man successfully using Dunlap’s ATM card to withdraw money on December 2, 3, and 4, the three days immediately following her disappearance. Police could not identify him because he was wearing a rubber mask, gloves, and hat. Detectives staked out the ATM machine for the next week, but the man never returned.
Dunlap’s decapitated remains were discovered near Bloxham Cutoff Road in the Apalachicola National Forest on December 15 by hunters who noticed the presence of buzzards. Because her head and hands were missing, it took a DNA sample to confirm that the remains were hers.
Hilton was proven to be in the area when and where Dunlap disappeared because a forestry agent had run his vehicle tag number through the police database on December 7. After Dunlap’s body was found, a hunter also reported coming into contact with Hilton in the forest—driving a white van, wielding a knife and appearing disheveled or homeless. The hunter said he’d warned Hilton that the woods was a bad place to be during hunting season. This interaction allowed the hunter to identify Hilton in a photo lineup. A forestry agent had also questioned Hilton on November 17, 2007 and run his white van’s tag number through a database to ensure it wasn’t stolen. On December 28, another forestry agent interacted with Hilton in Osceola National Forest, about 160 miles from where Dunlap was last seen. Those sightings proved Hilton had been in the area before and then left after Dunlap’s murder. The final item of proof was one of Dunlap’s boots, which Hilton was attempting to discard in the dumpster with Emerson’s belongings when he was initially arrested.
Investigators believed Hilton kidnapped Dunlap from the Leon Sinks Geological Area of Apalachicola National Forest, where friends said she had mentioned going to read a book. He likely kept her alive for a few days in order to get money from her ATM card, finally killing her. Investigators say he burned her head and hands in his campfire, then left her vehicle by the road after puncturing the tire with his police baton. There was no physical evidence tying him to the crime, but investigators were able to recover audio tapes on which Hilton had recorded himself talking crudely about women and referencing killing women and hiding things. He said he was a sociopath who could disassociate from the act of murder.
Hilton was indicted on Thursday, February 28, 2008 for Dunlap’s murder, kidnapping, and two counts of grand theft. He was found guilty by a unanimous jury in February 2011 and sentenced to death. He unsuccessfully appealed the conviction.
Dunlap was Hilton’s third known victim; he was sentenced in her case after being tried and found guilty for murdering his last-known victim, Meredith Emerson.
Meredith Emerson, 24, was last seen alive on New Year’s Day 2008, with her dog, a black Labrador retriever mix named Ella. The pair had left home in Buford, Georgia, to hike one of their favorite trails on Blood Mountain. The location is the highest peak in Georgia’s section of the Appalachian Trail and is located on the border of Lumpkin and Union counties inside the Blood Mountain Wilderness and the Chattahoochee National Forest.
Concerned after she didn’t return home, Emerson’s friends and boyfriend reported her absence to local police. She was classified as an overdue hiker. The next day, friends and authorities searched the area where Emerson and Ella had been hiking but did not find either of them. A winter storm moved in that day, and authorities had to halt the search.
After her disappearance made news, witnesses came forward to claim that they’d seen her hiking with an older man, approximately 60 years old with a red dog, on a spur trail that connects the Appalachian Trail to the Byron Herbert Reece Parking Lot. One caller was a former police officer. He reported that while hiking he’d discovered a police baton, water bottles, sunglasses, a barrette, and a dog leash and treats scattered over an area of disturbed and scuffed ground. He had seen an older man with a police baton walking with a younger woman minutes before finding the items, and he recognized the leash as the one the young woman had been holding. At first, he’d thought they were father and daughter, but the scattered belongings and evidence of a struggle concerned him. While there, he talked with another group of hikers who had seen the man hiding in the woods, but they were unable to locate him after a short search. They gathered the scattered items and left them at a local store, but they didn’t call police at the time. The next day after seeing a report on TV about Emerson’s disappearance, the former officer called investigators to report what he’d seen and found the day before.
Also on January 2, John Tabor, a former employer of Hilton’s, called police to let them know Hilton matched the description of the man seen with Emerson on the trail. He said Hilton had called him a few hours before and had apologized for acting erratically and violently toward him, asked him for money, and told him he was near Blood Mountain. He’d asked Tabor to leave him a check at a business Tabor owned, but he never came to collect the check. Investigators noted that Tabor hadn’t called them immediately to inform them of Hilton’s similarity to the suspect or his proximity to the possible kidnapping.
Police also recovered surveillance images of Hilton unsuccessfully attempting to use Emerson’s ATM card. Investigators had hope that Emerson was still alive and they were now sure she was with Hilton, so they disseminated Hilton’s DMV photo to the media.
On January 4, another witness called police to report that he had encountered an older man and young woman camping near a white van. The witness was driving a lawn care truck when he got it stuck in a stream. He asked the older man for help, but he’d refused. The witness said it seemed like the man was trying to keep him away from the van. When the witness called police dispatch to ask for help getting his vehicle unstuck, the man quickly packed up and left the area in a seeming rush.
That same day, Ella was found wandering in a grocery store parking lot in the town of Cumming, Georgia, about 60 miles away from Emerson’s last-known whereabouts. Investigators also discovered bloody clothing, bloody men’s boots, and Emerson’s purse and wallet in a dumpster across the street from the store where Ella was located. A boot, later confirmed to belong to Hilton’s third victim, Cheryl Dunlap, was also recovered from the dumpster.
Later that evening, a witness called 911 to report that Hilton—whom he recognized as the suspect in Emerson’s disappearance from news reports—was at a local gas station cleaning out a white van. Police arrived and prevented Hilton from using a vacuum cleaner and bleach on the van’s interior; they also discovered bloody clothing and blankets he had attempted to discard in the gas station trash receptacles. Blood in the vehicle was later matched to Emerson, and Hilton was charged with her murder.
During almost five hours of interrogations, Hilton admitted that Emerson fought back against him when he attacked her, yelling and using her martial arts skills to fend him off (she’d earned a blue belt in aikido and was posthumously awarded a black belt). He said that she almost got away, but that he was finally able to subdue her when she lost her footing and stumbled. He said he’d chosen to attack her because she was a woman, and that they’d hiked together for a while before she outpaced him. He then stopped and waited for her down the trail, planning to rob her of her ATM card when she was returning to her vehicle. He admitted to taking Emerson from the parking lot in his van, returning at her request a few minutes later to pick up Ella, who had initially been left behind. He drove her to multiple banks and unsuccessfully attempted to use her ATM; police believed she was intentionally giving him wrong PIN numbers to buy time. Unfortunately, no one at the banks or law enforcement noticed the failed transactions or attempted use of Emerson’s ATM cards until January 4.
Eventually Hilton gave up and drove Emerson to a secluded location where, for three days, she continued to give him incorrect ATM PIN codes in an apparent attempt to give rescuers time to find her. Hilton told investigators that he tired of waiting for the correct PIN number, so he told Emerson he was taking her home; however, he admitted that he knew he couldn’t release her since she’d seen his face and vehicle and knew so much about him. Instead, while she was tied to a tree, he hit her over the head repeatedly with a car jack handle to kill her, and then he decapitated her. He covered her body with leaves, then drove to another wooded area more than an hour away, where he discarded her head. He said he was unable to kill Ella and decided to let her go. Disturbingly, in that same interview, when asked about whether it was hard for him to kill Emerson, Hilton stated, “It was hard … you gotta remember we had spent several good days together.”
Hilton offered to lead investigators to Emerson’s body if they’d agree to remove the death penalty option. An autopsy confirmed Hilton’s story: her cause of death was officially listed as blunt force trauma to the head, and she’d been decapitated postmortem.
He plead guilty to Emerson’s murder on January 30, 2008, and he was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 30 years.
The case was in the news again in 2010 when a writer for Hustler magazine submitted a request for crime scene photos for use in an article about Emerson’s kidnapping and murder. A judge blocked the request, preventing the Georgia Bureau of Investigation from releasing "any and all photographs, visual images or depictions of Meredith Emerson which show Emerson in an unclothed or dismembered state.” The Georgia House also passed The Meredith Emerson Memorial Privacy Act, preventing “gruesome crime scene photos from being publicly released or disseminated.” The Act, House Bill 1322, stops the release of all images in which victims of crimes appear “nude, bruised, bloodied or in a broken state with open wounds, a state of dismemberment or decapitation.”
Hilton’s involvement in Emerson’s kidnapping and murder drew the attention of investigators in other states. While she is believed to be his last victim, the successful investigation into her case resulted in his guilty pleas and sentencing for three other murders. A series of other unsolved crimes is also being investigated for ties to Hilton.

Possible Victims
Melissa Witt, 19, disappeared from the parking lot of a local bowling alley in Fort Smith, Arkansas on December 1, 1994. On January 13, 1995, her body was found by hunters in a rural area of the same county from where she disappeared. She was naked, and her remains were near a rock that’s been described as headstone-like. Her clothing was never located. Some investigators believe that there are similarities between Witt’s disappearance and death and those of Hilton’s known victims.
Judy Smith, 50, is considered a possible victim of Hilton’s because her remains were found near the location where Hilton would bludgeon Irene Bryant a decade later. Smith was last confirmed to have been seen by her husband, Jeffrey, at a Philadelphia hotel on April 10, 1997. The couple flew from their home in Newton, Massachusetts to Philadelphia the day before so that Jeffrey could attend a work conference. After arriving at the airport, Judy discovered she had left her identification at home and would not be able to board the plane. She returned home to retrieve her ID and took a later flight, meeting Jeffrey at their hotel. She planned to go sightseeing while Jeffrey was attending the conference, and Jeffrey confirmed she’d been alive and in their room that next morning. That evening, after the conference meetings had ended for the day, Jeffery could not find Judy. He searched for her and tried to report her missing around midnight, but investigators told him he needed to wait 24 hours.
During the ensuing investigation, there were a number of sightings of a woman matching Judy’s description in and around Philadelphia, several of which seemed to describe a person experiencing psychological problems or acting disoriented or disturbed. Other possible sightings were of a woman matching Judy’s description riding the bus, shopping at a mall, and sitting outside a gourmet grocery store. The Smith family found some of the descriptions and sightings credible.
On September 7, 1997, about five months after Smith was last confirmed to have been seen, hunters in the Pisgah National Forest about 9 miles from Asheville, North Carolina discovered scattered bones around a shallow grave. Some clothing and personal effects were also located. Cut marks and punctures found on the ribs and clothing suggested the victim had been stabbed. The remains were confirmed to be those of Judy Smith. Strangely, the clothes she was discovered wearing were not any she was known to have owned or reported by witnesses, and the family has no explanation for why or how she got to or was in Asheville. Later reports found that people in the Asheville area had seen Judy or a woman who resembled her. The sightings were deemed credible, but no one claimed to have seen Judy with anyone else. Money and jewelry was found near Judy’s body and belongings, so robbery was ruled out as a motive. Investigators came to believe Smith traveled to Asheville voluntarily, but they’re unsure of why or what happened to her while there. Hilton has been suggested as a possible suspect, but investigators have not publicly linked him to Smith’s case or named as a suspect.
Levi Frady, 11, was abducted from Little Mill Road in Forsyth County, Georgia, on October 22, 1997. The next day his remains were found partially submerged in a rainwater-filled pit in Dawson Forest Wildlife Management Area in Dawson County, Georgia. He had been shot three times, once in the chest and twice in the head. Investigators consider Frady’s case open and active. Some have hinted Hilton is considered a suspect, but he has not been publicly named.
In April 1998, Jason Knapp, 20, disappeared. He was a student at Clemson University, and he was last known to have been seen by his roommate at around 10:30 p.m. on April 11, watching a movie at their residence. His vehicle was found on April 21 at Table Rock State Park in Pickens, South Carolina. The area is about 30 miles from the university and is very rugged. Investigators found a Wendy’s restaurant receipt inside the vehicle dated April 12 at 1:30 p.m. It is believed he drove to the park on April 12. He had also withdrawn $20 from his bank account that day; his bank cards, including an ATM card, were never found. The area around his vehicle showed no signs of struggle or foul play, and it is unknown whether he drove to the location alone. Searchers canvassed the area around his vehicle for two weeks and found nothing of interest.
Patrice Endres, 38, disappeared from her hair salon in Cumming, Georgia, between 11:30 a.m. and noon on April 15, 2004. She vanished during a gap of about 12 minutes between clients. The front door of the salon was unlocked and the cash register was empty, but there was money in her purse. Her lunch was in the microwave and her vehicle was parked at the salon.
Her skeletal remains were found in December 2005 behind a church about 10 miles from her salon. A woman came forward with a description of a man in a white van parked in front of the salon, but she later recanted the story. Serial killer Jeremy Brian Jones admitted to killing Endres and dumping her body in Sweetwater Creek in Douglas County, but authorities ruled him out as a suspect after her remains were found 70 miles from that location and when he couldn’t provide any additional information that wasn’t in the public record. Authorities looked at Hilton’s possible involvement, but they say he is no longer considered a suspect. There is no information as to why investigators have ruled him out.
Rossana Miliani, 29, lived in Miami, Florida, and disappeared while vacationing in Cherokee, North Carolina. She was last confirmed to have been seen at about noon on December 7, 2005, in the hotel where she was staying. She called her father and told him she was going hiking on the Appalachian Trail. Some reports say she was spotted in Bryson City, NC, where she rented a storage space, shortly before disappearing. Miliani is reported to have bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, but no details are available about whether she was on medication or if she was experiencing any issues at the time of her disappearance.
On the two-year anniversary of her disappearance, a clerk at a local store read an article about Miliani and called investigators to report that she’d sold a backpack or bag, possibly a sleeping bag according to some sources, to Miliani and a man who claimed to be a traveling preacher who visited campsites around the Appalachian Trail. According to the clerk, the man was about 60 years old, had hair greying at the temples and may have been wearing a hair piece because his hair looked unusual. The clerk claimed that Miliani appeared to be nervous.
A private investigator working on the case released a sketch of the unidentified man in June 2009. The man resembles Hilton, and he’s considered a possible suspect. Neither Miliani nor any of her belongings, including luggage and a camera, have been found; no money has been withdrawn from her bank account since her disappearance, but a deposit was made on December 31, nearly three weeks after her disappearance. No further information is available about that deposit.
Some sources say Hilton is known to have stolen and unsuccessfully tried to use Miliani’s bank card, but I was unable to find official corroboration of those reports.
A fisherman found the remains of Michael Scot Louis, 27, dismembered and stuffed in plastic garbage bags, in the Tomoka River at Ormond Beach, Tomoka State Park, Florida on December 6, 2007. His torso and legs were recovered, but his head has never been found. Louis was last known to have been seen on November 21 or 22, 2007, but when his remains were found 16 days later, the autopsy estimated he had only been dead for two to seven days. It’s unclear where he was or who he may have been with during the days he was unaccounted for. Days after his disappearance, his Firebird was found parked unusually far from his apartment in the apartment complex’s parking lot in South Daytona, Florida, with the keys still in the ignition and his dirty laundry and guitars inside.
Hilton was officially ruled out as a suspect after DNA testing did not implicate him, but some thought he should remain on the list as a potential suspect. In January 2018, Nelci Tetley, 67, was arrested for shooting to death and dismembering her then-boyfriend, Jeffrey Albertsman, 55. It was discovered that she had possibly also dated Louis, although she denied knowing him or having a relationship with him, and she’s been named as a suspect in his case.
University of Georgia student Cayle Bywater disappeared from Athens, Georgia on December 29, 2007. She was reported missing after neighbors became concerned when her dog was seen running loose outside her home. Meredith Emerson would be kidnapped three days later from Vogel State Park, about 80 miles north of Athens.
On January 11, Bywater’s body was found in an Athens lake. An autopsy listed drowning as her cause of death, but there’s disagreement about how she came to be in the lake. There were no traces of illegal drugs or alcohol in her system, but she had been prescribed medication to treat a mental disorder, reported by some agencies as bipolar disorder. The autopsy also found a previously undiagnosed heart defect, but that could not be proven to have played a part in her death.
A photograph taken by an undisclosed individual the day she was last seen alive shows Bywater in Memorial Park walking her dog on leash. Witnesses claim to have seen someone matching Bywater’s appearance walking a dog in the park near the lake where her body was later found, and some said she appeared to be disoriented or chasing the dog. No signs of foul play were discovered on her body or at the scene, but her family insists she did not wander off or commit suicide. In a news article dated January 8, 2008, (https://www.savannahnow.com/article/20080108/news/301089882) her family was concerned that she may have been kidnapped by someone who saw her in a disoriented or confused state and took advantage of the situation. That same news article mentions the kidnapping of Meredith Emerson by Gary Michael Hilton but quotes an investigator as saying the local police department and Georgia Bureau of Investigation did not consider the cases related at that point. It’s unknown if Hilton is now or was ever considered a suspect in Bywater’s case.
Are there more? There are dozens of unsolved cases of missing and murdered people in the areas where Hilton was known to or may have traveled or lived. Someone put together this Google Map detailing known and possible victims of Hilton: https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1v-4PyOHDjE17GhkF6ofEvFWtLes&hl=en&gl=us&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&z=5&ll=34.77220536527494%2C-83.37685848300629 . It’s a very interesting rabbit hole. I’m unsure who created the map or what criteria they used to include possible victims. If anyone on this sub has information about the creation of this map, please let me know and I’ll include more details.

What Don’t We Know? Discussion and Theories
Knowing what we do about Hilton and the crimes for which he was convicted, it’s hard to believe that Emerson, Dunlap, and the Bryants are his only victims. Investigators have pointed out that it’s rare for a serial killer to start killing in their 60s, and Hilton’s crimes seem to be the work of a confident killer. His lack of victimology—targeting victims based on opportunity rather than sticking to a certain type of person—and his large geographic footprint, transient lifestyle, lack of family and friends, and remote hunting grounds all point to the possibility that he’s been active for a lot longer than the short spree of four known victims.
There are so many missing people and unsolved homicides in the southeast corner of the United States that it’s not hard to think Hilton may be responsible for some of them.
What are your thoughts or theories?

A note of thanks: u/cspach2005 invited me to do this write-up on Hilton for an upcoming podcast on www.disturbedpodcast.com. They covered my previous write-up on Timothy Bindner (https://www.reddit.com/UnresolvedMysteries/comments/g2mh3i/hes_been_a_suspect_in_the_disappearances_of_at/) in this podcast, https://www.disturbedpodcast.com/bindne, so I was thrilled to contribute again. I’ll add a link to the podcast episode on Hilton once it’s done.

Resources:
Park Predators podcast about Hilton: https://parkpredators.com/episode-1-the-hunte
YouTube video of Georgia Bureau of Investigation interview with Hilton (4.5 hours): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9Tw1iejmzc
ThoughtCo blog from July 14, 2019 about Hilton’s crimes: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-gary-michael-hilton-case-971046
Murderpedia entry for Hilton, including text from news articles: https://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hilton-gary-michael.htm
Timeline of Hilton’s life and crimes: http://prairiechicken.blogspot.com/2008/02/gary-michael-hilton-timeline.html
Strange Outdoors article from January 23, 2018 about Hilton and his victims: https://www.strangeoutdoors.com/mysterious-stories-blog/2018/1/22/gary-michael-hilton-the-hiker-murders
CNN article from 2008 detailing how Hilton helped make a movie about a serial killer: https://www.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/03/13/hilton.movie/index.html
Wikipedia article: Murder of Meredith Emerson: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Meredith_Emerson
March 23, 2008 article detailing Hilton’s confession and Emerson’s fight to survive: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/23769881/ns/us_news-crime_and_courts/t/killer-says-female-hiker-fought-him-end/
March 11, 201 article about judge barring release of crime scene photos in Emerson’s case: http://www.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/03/10/meredith.emerson.photos/index.html
August 2012 opinion piece by the journalist who requested Emerson crime scene photos explaining why he did so: https://www.ajc.com/news/opinion/why-requested-slain-hiker-crime-scene-photos/2PmN2O3oTCOJKq7mBuvgfL/
Wikipedia article about the Judy Smith case: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judy_Smith_homicide
Rossana Miliani Charley Project profile: http://charleyproject.org/case/rossana-miliani
Article from December 17, 2007 about remains found in Florida, possibly linking them to Cheryl Dunlap: https://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=4010778&page=1
Article from February 28, 2008, announcing Hilton’s indictment in the case of Dunlap: http://www.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/02/28/hilton.indictment/index.html
March 27, 2012 article about Hilton pleading guilty to the Byrants’ murders: https://www.blueridgenow.com/article/NC/20120327/news/606022032/HT
May 17, 2008 article detailing John Bryant’s autopsy findings: https://www.blueridgenow.com/article/NC/20080517/News/606047031/HT
January 4, 2018 article about the Bryants: https://www.ajc.com/news/local/tragic-end-for-unique-couple/PzAHQbeBqHLPzNjGei0nAJ/
December 23, 2007 article about memorial service for Michael Scot Louis: https://www.news-journalonline.com/article/LK/20071223/news/180117745/DN
January 24, 2018 article about Nelci Tetley’s arrest, possible implication in Louis’ death: https://heavy.com/news/2018/01/nelci-tetley-accused-dismembering-killing-boyfriends/
January 13, 2017 article commemorating the 22nd anniversary of Melissa Witt’s unsolved disappearance and murder: https://www.5newsonline.com/article/news/local/outreach/back-to-school/melissa-witts-body-found-22-years-ago-investigation-still-open/527-5556593c-22df-4077-b6c3-e7fd7f041f33
Jason Knapp’s Charley Project profile: http://charleyproject.org/case/jason-andrew-knapp
April 4, 2010 article about Patrice Endres’ disappearance and murder: https://www.forsythnews.com/local/crime-courts/husband-seeks-closure-in-cold-case/
Google Map detailing known and possible victims of Hilton: https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1v-4PyOHDjE17GhkF6ofEvFWtLes&hl=en&gl=us&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&z=5&ll=34.77220536527494%2C-83.37685848300629 (I did not create this map, nor do I know who did or what criteria they used when choosing which possible victims to include. I’ll gladly edit the post to include that information if someone knows more details about the map’s creator or creation.)
submitted by lisagreenhouse to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 20:43 wutangzus2002 How do you notice the shadow

I am not one for sharing my feelings. To be fair I always feel like adding to others pressure is counterintuitive. Add on top of that I shouldn’t complain, I have the right of mind to see understand and sometimes help those who are worse off than I am(I work in medicine).
Yet at the end of the day, my biggest character flaw is that I am invisible. Like I grease the wheels, stage hands on set invisible. I have spent a good portion of my life being passed up by others, being the second option or just being safe. I have made strides to improve but some days are harder than others. I am also a combat vet and that’s another community where sharing emotions is hard. I struggle every day to express how I feel to those close to me and feel like it’s just pointless.
Nonetheless, I excuse an are of non judgement and safety. Many friends depend on me to be their rock or their back up plan if things fail while I feel unable to ask for the same in return. And even if someone noticed something wrong, they are just lying lol service to seem like they care. It’s exhausting to always have to keep getting back up, I mean I have to keep my emotions on a tight grip to be good at my job. Need me to keep a cool head in danger? I got it. Blood gore scream bodies? Calm and collected. Need me to reassure a kid everything will be all right in their final moment? I’ll do it with a smile. Need me to watch your back to make sure you go home to your wife and your newborn? I’ll take the bullet for you.
Here I am years later stuck between the horrors of what life is behind the curtain, and trying to explain to a shrink how children crying is the most devastating thing to my soul. Some days I compete for this feeling and other days like today I am in en empty office breaking down during lunch, just so when I am back to work I just go back to pretending like I am prt of the background. And what caused this you ask? Nothing. Absolutely nothing, had a great date last night l this week has been amazing. I have spent the past 14 days writing in a gratitude journal and by Friday I am emotionally breaking down. I dunno if this rant will make sense to anyone and that is ok. I just want to put this somewhere instead of in a corner somewhere under lock and key away from anyone to see.
submitted by wutangzus2002 to depression [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 16:47 BuckRowdy [Update] The rise and fall and the depths of depravity of pedophile Jared Fogle from Subway.

This is an updated and edited version of a post I originally submitted at /redditcrimecommunity. It's been updated with the latest info.
I used to be kind of obsessed with the idea of Jared from Subway. He always seemed like nothing more than wallpaper in a commercial, a guy whose job amounted to holding up a comically giant pair of pants for seconds at a time in commercials. How much do you think they paid that guy to do that?
I used to search to see if I could find out Jared's salary or his net worth because to me it seemed like he had the easiest job in the world. Just stand there and smile, hold up the giant pants, shake a few kids hands at store openings and other corporate promotional events; essentially play the character of Jared from the Subway commercials.
The Midwestern everyman who once weighed over 425 pounds and lost it all by eating at Subway every day. Of course the fine print at the bottom of the screen gave the wider context to his weight loss routine, but there was a much wider, much darker context to Jared's story that would only be revealed years later.
Jared started working for Subway in 2000. By 2005 they had stopped featuring him in commercials and their sales declined by 10%. They quickly reinstated him and he was a fixture ever since.
It is true that Jared did lose the weight, and he did do it in part by eating at Subway.
At this point it would be reasonable to ask how did he get the money as a college student to eat all his meals at Subway?
Because he was running a porn video rental business out of his apartment at the time and had an extensive collection. You've got to remember that this was in an era where media of all types was more difficult to obtain. You didn't have everything at your fingertips back then.
Subway opened up on the ground floor and Jared was lazy so he started eating all his meals there.
The rest of Jared's story is marketing mythology. A friend wrote an article in the student newspaper that got published in Men's Health which caught the eye of Subway's marketing department. Jared started working for Subway in 2000 and up until about 2007 it appeared to be a marketing master stroke. That's when the reports started trickling out. In 2007, TMZ published the story about the porn rental business.
We'd learn later that as early as 2008, Subway had received serious reports about Jared from a franchisee in Florida that Jared had befriended at a few store openings. Cindy Mills, the franchisee said:
"He would just tell me he really liked them young," she says. Fogle and Mills had a sexual relationship, which lead Fogle to disclose disturbing details of his criminal activity in lewd text messages.
Mills says she tried to blow the whistle by phoning ad executive Jeff Moody — then CEO of the Subway Franchisee Advertising Fund Trust (SFAFT) — after Fogle had told her that he had sex both in Thailand and the US with child prostitutes between the ages of 9 and 16 years old. According to Mills, Moody stopped her mid-conversation and said, "Don't worry, he has met someone. She is a teacher and he seems to love her very much, and we think she will help keep him grounded." Mills also claims she spoke with two more SFAFT execs after Moody, but ran into more dead ends.
Jared was up to no good for years, but his world really started to crumble in 2015 with the arrest of Russell Taylor. Taylor was Jared's partner in his non-profit charity and he was just as bad as Jared if not worse.
Russell Taylor, the former director of Fogle's anti-childhood obesity foundation, was arrested in April [of 2015] on three counts of possession of child pornography, three counts of child exploitation, and three counts of voyeurism.
Taylor had gotten in trouble for texting a woman a picture of bestiality and suggesting such between the two of them. It's a sick thing to think about, but that's just what Jared and Russell were up to.
In one of those text messages, according to the affidavit, “Russell Taylor asked her if he and another adult female she identified could come to Jane Doe’s residence and engage in” an act of bestiality. The woman did not agree to that request, but told investigators “you could tell (Taylor) was serious.” She also told investigators that “she received an image file via text from Russell Taylor that depicted (another act of bestiality).”
Jared's house was raided and the rest quickly became history. Subway dropped him. Sharknado 3 dropped him. Jared accused Taylor of fraud and sued him. One quarter of the funds of the charity were unaccounted for, and the only money they ever paid out went to Taylor's $73k salary.
I'm no professional but it's hard not to draw the conclusion that Jared was paying Taylor to produce child porn with a non profit charity.
The world found out about Jared in 2015, but in 2007 and 2008 two women were finding out a lot about Jared.
Jared had met a franchisee in Florida and started a sexual relationship with her. She called the FBI when Jared started texting stuff like this:
In one series of texts sent from April 2008, Fogle tries to convince the franchisee, a woman, to advertise herself for sex on Craigslist. She could make $500 per act he explains and he could watch her have sex with other men. Fogle then goes on to apparently admit to paying for sex with a 16-year-old girl off Craigslist.
The woman franchisee writes: "Is this the same website you found that 16 year old you that you f---ed?" the woman replied, according to an affadavit.
  • "I still can't believe you only paid $100 for her."
  • Fogle reponds: "It was amazing!!!!"
  • "What part of her ad made you think she was selling sex?" the woman asked.
  • Fogle says "U will have to read them to see."
The woman got a lawyer and submitted the texts to Subway who sat on them.
Around the same time, Jared met Rochelle Herman Walrond, a journalist who initially remained anonymous, who came forward and said that she got suspicious about Jared when he called middle school girls hot
According to the woman, Jared would often visit schools in Sarasota County, and allegedly told her numerous times that, 'Middle school girls are hot.'"
She contacted the FBI who asked her to wear a wire. She went on to record Jared over a nearly 5 year period, pleading with the FBI to go ahead and arrest him with them always saying that they didn't have enough evidence and needed more.
So she tried to get Jared to incriminate himself. Over that 4.5 year period they talked about a lot of stuff, like that Jared wanted to fly to Thailand to have sex with children.
"I would fly all three of us clear across the world if we need to,"[Jared] says on the tape. "It would just make things a lot easier — if we're going to try and get some young kids with us. It would be a lot easier probably."
He gave her grooming tips:
"Well, if we get them segregated out ... you know, start talking or whatever ... and we get a little closer, and a little closer and a little closer and before you know it ... it just starts to happen," the man's voice says. "But I think that girl from the broken home could be a possibility, you know."
He daydreamed on the phone:
"Do you want to watch me f— a young girl, too?" the voice of Fogle asks. "Will you f— a young boy?" When Herman-Walrond asks if that would turn Fogle on, he responds with a whispered "yeah."
“I had a little boy. It was amazing,” Fogle reportedly said, in response to a question about being with children. “It just felt so good. I mean, it felt—it felt so good.”
He also, allegedly, asked her repeatedly to let him install hidden cameras in her kids’ rooms.
“I had two young children at the time, and he talked to me about installing hidden cameras in their rooms and asked me if I would choose which child I would like him to watch,” she told Inside Edition.
The audio recordings can be heard at this link. She reported him to Subway in 2009 and nothing happened.
At the same time this was happening, Jared was flying to New York to pay for sex with minors. He asked the minors who he paid for sex if they knew anyone else they could recommend, always stressing younger if possible.
Also, according to the charging documents:
Fogle received "images and videos of nude of partially clothed minors engaged in sexually explicit conduct," which were allegedly recorded by Russell Taylor, the former director of the Jared Foundation.
Taylor secretly filmed some of the minors in his home using hidden cameras that captured them changing clothes and bathing.
Taylor was in possession of 400 videos of child pornography upon his arrest.
In 2011, someone else reported Jared to Subway via their website and yet nothing happened.
All this came raining down on Jared in 2015 when his house was raided and he was arrested and later charged with 14 acts of sex involving minors. He was ultimately sentenced to 15 years in jail and had to pay restitution to his 14 of his many victims totaling $1.4 million. His wife divorced him as quick as she could, Subway cut ties with him and the dominoes started to tumble.
All of a sudden the past reports about Jared came to light and Subway didn't have an explanation. Lawsuits started flying. Jared's now ex wife accused Subway of covering up Jared's pedophilia even from her because their marriage made Jared more grounded and more marketable.
It's now a sick joke, but at the same time of jared's arrest, Subway was trying to rebrand him as a family man.
So why didn't Subway act on the various reports it had gotten about Jared over the years? As this site puts it, it was a story bookended by laziness. Jared's laziness brought him to Subway, and their laziness in vetting stories led to the end of the Jared era with a lot of human misery left in his wake.
Subway has waffled in its response. Rather than taking the path of clear messaging and communication, and aiming to transparent and authentic throughout this terrible situation for the victims and Fogle’s family (as well as the brand), the company hasn’t been clear about where it stands in the midst of this crisis. What message was Subway sending to its employees and franchisees by keeping Fogle around for as long as it did?
As soon as he went to jail he instantly gained 30 pounds
In 2016, he filed an appeal which was denied. The DA's office argued:
[that] Fogle's text messages to a woman, in which Fogle stated he would "pay big" if she could procure 14-year-old children, and that he "craved" underage Asian girls. In these text messages, he also expressed sexual interest in young boys, although there is to date no evidence that he paid for sex with male children.
Later that same year, a brawl broke out and Jared was nearly killed in an attack meant to send a message to all pedophiles.
Other than that, rumor has it that Jared has it pretty easy in jail which is disappointing to hear given all that he's responsible for.
In 2017, Fogle tried to pull the Sovereign Citizen defense and claim that the feds didn't have jurisdiction over him which I imagine gave the feds a good laugh. The motion was dismissed.
In 2018, Jared sued to void his conviction going so far as to name the president (among others) as a defendant. It was unclear how the president was involved and Jared was forced to remove him as a defendant.
He claimed:
he was wrongfully allowed to plead guilty to conspiracy to receive child pornography, claiming that conspiracy doesn’t apply to such an offense.
His suit was dismissed.
That same year a woman pen pal of Jared's sold their racy letters to Radar Online. Seen here and here. She also sold a recorded phone call where she and Jared discuss porn and his sexual preferences.
If he wanted to appeal to a parole board, surely sending hand-drawn pictures of his genitalia that later end up on radar online is not a good strategy.
In March 2020, three of associate Russell Taylor's child pornography convictions were overturned for ineffective counsel. He still faces trial on 9 other charges.
In the five years since Fogle was arrested, Subway has been reeling. In 2015, their co-founder passed away and a new CEO was brought in. Internal reports indicate that customer traffic is down 30%. They've laid off over 400 people from the corporate HQ and this summer they had to revoke a promotion due to a franchisee revolt over the pricing.
Subway was associated so long with Jared it may take time for customers to form a new association. They tried to drop him once, struggled, and re-hired him. Clearly Subway lived in denial while Jared was their spokesman and looked the other way as business boomed. The new marketing strategy involves athletes. Time will only tell if they can recover from one of the worst scandals to ever hit a sandwich chain.
As of September 2020, Russell Taylor was being held at a federal prison in Yazoo City, Mississippi; Fogle was being held at a federal prison in Littleton, Colorado.
submitted by BuckRowdy to TrueCrime [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 21:00 portlane William Gates (Nov. 30, 1925 - Sept. 14, 2020)

William Henry Gates II
Nov. 30, 1925 - Sept. 14, 2020
The Gates family mourns the passing of William H. Gates II, known to many as Bill Sr., who died peacefully at his beach home on Hood Canal Sept. 14, 2020 of Alzheimer's disease. In his 94 years, Bill created a towering legacy as a lawyer, philanthropist, and activist. To his family, he was a beloved husband, father, and grandfather who was an example of what it means to be a model citizen and a profoundly decent man. To many in the community, he was an inspiring role model, trusted advisor, and loyal friend. His sincerity, humor, approachability, and thoughtfulness won him legions of admirers and made him highly effective in his work and his civic and philanthropic endeavors.
Bill was born Nov. 30, 1925 and grew up in the Navy town of Bremerton. His father owned a furniture store and neither of his parents went to high school. Bill went to Bremerton High School and was active in Boy Scouts, where his troop spent three summers building a log cabin from the ground up, and he learned his first lesson about the power of people working toward a common goal.
He completed one year at the University of Washington before reporting for duty in the U.S. Army. He completed officer candidate school and was en route to Japan when it surrendered. He spent a year in war-torn Tokyo, which provided him with one of his first opportunities to consider our shared humanity and its ability to unite people regardless of their backgrounds.
Gates returned to the U.S. to earn an undergraduate degree in 1949 and a law degree the next year. During that time, he gained a lifelong passion for the Husky Nation and met his first wife, Mary Maxwell. Bill and Mary raised two daughters and a son and developed a shared sense of civic duty. Volunteering and philanthropy were nightly topics of conversation around the Gates family dinner table.
Bill and Mary found great joy in nurturing friendships. They were prolific entertainers, and guests could count on meaningful conversation and friendly competition. They and eight other families spent more than 10 summers on Hood Canal at Cheerio resort, where Bill was fondly known as "the mayor." For several years, they held a holiday skating party where Bill, at 6'7", could be found wearing a Santa suit on roller skates. Their bridge club met for nearly 60 years.
Bill began his legal career working in private practice and serving part-time as City Attorney for Bremerton. He joined a Seattle law firm, and after 12 years, formed a new firm with two partners. As managing partner, Gates helped grow the firm and today it is known as K&L Gates, one of the world's largest law firms. His firm was involved early in the region's tech industry, and that involvement expanded over time. Gates retired from the firm, then known as Preston Gates & Ellis, in 1998 after 48 years in practice.
Bill believed in the power of the law to help people and make change for the better. His colleagues admired his integrity, trusted his intelligence, and sought his advice. He engaged in the law's professional associations, including serving as president of the local and state bar associations, holding leadership positions with the American Bar Association, participating in several court commissions, and other posts. Through these associations, he helped create law school scholarships for people of color and an approach to delivering legal services to the poor.
In addition to being one of Seattle's most respected lawyers, Bill became one of the city's most revered civic leaders. He served as an engaged trustee of numerous organizations, including the Greater Seattle Chamber of Commerce, the King County Chamber of Commerce, Planned Parenthood, and United Way of King County. He founded the Technology Alliance and helped boost technology employment in Washington. He chaired the Seattle Public Schools Levy and was a visible advocate for progressive taxation, including initiating a state income tax on the very wealthy, and maintaining an estate tax—reflections of his deep commitment to social and economic equity.
In Showing Up for Life, Bill wrote that "one way to sum up a lifetime quickly is to think of the right words to put on your tombstone." He thought his should read: "He Married Well." Despite the intense sorrow of losing Mary to cancer in 1994, he never took for granted how lucky he was to have nearly five decades with her. And then, after Mary passed, he was astonished to find that he could love fully again, when he met and married Mimi Gardner in 1996. Bill and Mimi spent more than 24 years traveling the world, learning, laughing, enjoying life, and simply being together. Mimi and Bill spent his final months at Hood Canal where they could enjoy beautiful views and time outside.
Bill also had a profound impact on the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the people the foundation serves. He, more than anyone else, shaped the values of the foundation. He started the foundation's work in global health, created the Gates Cambridge Scholars Trust (2000), and guided the foundation's major investments in human services, education, and culture in the Pacific Northwest. He was quick to tear up when he saw suffering in the world and never let anyone forget the human beings behind the foundation's strategies. He saw the best in everyone, made everyone feel special, and upheld the foundation motto "All Lives Have Equal Value" in every way possible.
During his lifetime, Bill received innumerable awards including YMCA's A.K. Guy Award, the Seattle King County REALTORS First Citizen Award, the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, and the American Bar Association Medal. The University of Washington selected him UW's Alumnus Summa Laude Dignatus in recognition of his service to and insatiable love for the University. He served as UW Regent for 15 years and directed Campaign UW, which raised $2.7 billion through 293,000 donors. A UW Regent resolution saluted Bill as "patriarch of the first family of the University." Even in the later stages of Alzheimer's, Bill could sing the lyrics to "Bow Down to Washington."
In his characteristically humble way, Bill never saw his actions as anything special—simply the right thing to do—though the community is filled with people and organizations who were changed for the better because of his involvement.
The family would like to thank the tremendously loving and caring people, affectionately named "Team Bill," who cared for him in the last years of his life. The quality of his life was greatly enhanced by their presence and consistent provision of hot (very hot) coffee, chocolate brownies, and bowl after bowl of chocolate ice cream.
In addition to Mimi, Bill is survived by his children, Kristianne "Kristi" Blake, William "Bill" H. Gates III and Elizabeth "Libby" MacPhee; their spouses, John Blake, Melinda French Gates, and Nicholas MacPhee; and his grandchildren, Kerry and Sully Blake, Jennifer, Rory and Phoebe Gates, and Emmy, Steve and Mary Armintrout. The family will carry on the traditions that have left a lasting imprint, including matching pajamas at Christmas, time on Hood Canal, and competition and games. His grandchildren will cherish memories of their individual "10-year-old trips" with Poppy and Mimi.
His son, Bill Gates III, once wrote: "The next time someone asks you if you're the real Bill Gates, tell them you're all the things the other one strives to be."
Because of COVID-19 restrictions, the Gates family will hold a memorial service at a later date. To honor Bill's lifetime of service and generosity, donations may be made to Landesa Rural Development Institute, University of Washington – Achievement Scholars Endowed Fund, the YWCA Seattle-King-Snohomish, or to a charity of your choice.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=william-henry-gates-ii&pid=196813074
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 22:03 BuckRowdy Dr. Ariel Sanjines paid an employee $10K to kill his ex-wife and her boyfriend in her Mountain Shadows home. She survived and the neighborhood later was nicknamed Murder Shadows.

Sometimes I think about how you're never going to hear about a successful murder-for-hire scheme. I'm not talking about cartel sicarios or the mafia, but genuine meet-in-a-smoky-bar-hand-a-stranger-cash-under-the-table schemes that spawn movie tropes. You only ever hear about the spectacular failures.
The greatest murder for hire story of all time in my opinion, is the Susan Kuhnhausen case. There is simply no other story on that same level. She fought off her attacker and killed him, offering to call 911 for him if he would just reveal who hired him.
There's lots of other stories of contract killings gone way wrong of course. Often the "hitman" is an undercover officer and a quick arrest is made. Other times the hired hitman is incompetent and the plan fails.
This is not a write up about a big case or an important case. It's just a story about a guy who got so mad at his wife he trusted two 18 year old employees, one of whom he was dating, with killing his wife and her boyfriend for $10,000.
Benjamin Franklin once famously said that "three can keep a secret if two are dead" and yet people who want to hire killers seem to want to involve a lot of people in the process. No one ever seems to think long term about how they're going to keep something like this a secret forever.
Dr. Ariel Sanjines and his brother immigrated to the US from Bolivia. The timeframe and his early history is not known. In 1991 he was 35 years old, the owner of a Perkins restaurant, living in an upscale suburban neighborhood with his wife in Chattanooga, TN. The neighborhood, Mountain Shadows, would, in a few years and a second murder, take on a dark new nickname: Murder Shadows.
Trouble arose in the marriage and his wife Gina Sanjines accused him of abuse. Then she filed for a restraining order and a divorce. She was given custody of their children and, as so often happens, a bitter custody dispute ensued. Dr. Sanjines would become more and more angry about this over time.
If you've ever worked in a restaurant you'll know that gossip is rampant and that there are very few secrets that stay secrets for long. And that's the scene of the crime that's the subject of this post: A $10,000 murder-for-hire fiasco set in an east Tennessee Perkins breakfast restaurant that had failure written all over it from the outset.
Another thing you'll note about restaurants is that it's common for managers or owners to creep on their female staff. Shortly after Amy Marcum started working at Perkins at the age of 17 in 1992 that's exactly what happened. Sanjines took an interest in her and after she turned 18 he charmed her and the two began dating around August of 1992. Dr. Sanjines was twice her age.
By December he had become possessive and abusive. At the time, his wife was paying a PI to follow him and he was becoming increasingly more upset at the alimony he was paying her. She was dating someone new and he was jealous. By early May of 1993 he was already talking openly about having her murdered to the point where he was being overheard by people in the restaurant.
Kristine Kennedy, a potential witness for the prosecution, overheard [Sanjines] say that he should hire someone to kill his wife. Additionally, a friend of [Sanjines] ... stated that he and [Sanjines] had discussed the idea of having their wives killed.
Research didn't really shed much light on the mental state of Dr. Sanjines at the time but it would appear he was unraveling pretty fast because at a birthday party he told Marcum:
someone at the party had Mafia connections in New York. This person could have Mrs. Sanjines killed. He then asked [Marcum] to kill Mrs. Sanjines.
Amy Marcum was 19 at the time.
Three months after that Jeremy Ingram, 18, approached Amy Marcum in the restaurant parking lot and said he had heard she was looking to have someone killed and that he knew someone who had done it before and could be hired to do it again. It's not clear if Ingram knew what he was talking about but Marcum agreed to connect him with Dr. Sanjines. She told police that she had also talked about this to another employee at the Perkins.
Dr. Sanjines continued to bring it up but by November of 1993, Marcum told Dr. Sanjines she wanted nothing to do with killing his wife and he told her if she told the police about it he would kill her. She continued to date him and even spent the night with him after he made the threat. She was in love with him.
Jeremy Ingram told police that he spent the next few months trying to find someone to carry out the hit. Ingram eventually got a call from Sanjines that it had to happen now and he decided to just do it himself.
Gina Sanjines, Dr. Sanjines's ex-wife had attended a function with her boyfriend, Virgil Schrag, 33 on the night of March 6th, and returned home late. They had been dating for a few months and the kids were with their father that night. I'm sure he thought this would provide him an unassailable alibi. Jeremy Ingram had entered the residence and moved some electronic equipment against the window to stage a robbery. Gina and Virgil were upstairs in the bedroom checking the answering machine. She heard a sound and Schrag went to check it out. As he exited the bedroom, Ingram shot Schrag once in the head causing him to immediately crumple to the floor.
He then shot Gina three times and fled the scene. Ms. Sanjines survived the attack.
Ingram drove an hour up the road to abandon the murder weapon, returned home, then set out for a ski trip with the money. When he returned he was arrested. After police compelled him to call Dr. Sanjines to discuss the murders, arrests of Dr. Sanjines and Amy Marcum were made that same day.
All three defendants pleaded guilty and there was no trial. Marcum took a plea deal and got a 10 year sentence. Ingram was sentenced to life. Dr Sanjines, however
was sentenced to life imprisonment with the possibility of parole for first degree murder, twenty five (25) years for attempted murder, and twenty five (25) years for conspiracy to commit murder. The twenty five (25) year sentences for attempted murder and conspiracy were ordered to run concurrently to each other and consecutively to the life sentence.
Sanjines proposed a couple of wacky theories to explain his ex-wife's murder including that her relatives in New York had hired someone to end her suffering because she was terminally ill. His girlfriend, Amy Marcum was convinced to make tapes of their conversations and Sanjies was ultimately compelled to take a plea deal sparing him the death penalty.
Ingram spendt 25 years in prison until his sentence was commuted by outgoing Tennessee governor Bill Haslam in 2019.
Ingram's clemency application says he wasn't strong enough to withstand the "evil influence and manipulation" of Sanjines' ex-husband, Jorge Ariel Sanjines, who was sentenced to life in prison.
Ingram spent more time in prison than outside prison. He had become a pastor, gotten several degrees, and was considered reformed.
Gina Sanjines, now partially blind said: "My biggest worry, again, isn't just for me and my family," she said. "It's for the citizens of this state. A murderer is going to be let out of prison."
I never discovered what branch of medicine Dr. Sanjines practiced or where he got his title. Presumably he was an intelligent and competent man having immigrated to a foreign country and owning a popular business in a newly developed very busy commercial area, and living in an upscale community. Consumed by jealousy and rage he made a series of stupid decisions starting with openly talking about having his wife killed and ending up with him behind bars for life.
He is, however, eligible for parole on September 17th, 2026.
Sources: one two three four five six seven eight
submitted by BuckRowdy to TrueCrime [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 19:51 StevenStevens43 From the temple of Apollo to The "green isle of Islay".

From the temple of Apollo to The
Error:
In this article, i am going to attempt to correct, what i think is a scholarly error.
It begins with the son of Belinas, who was the focus of attention in my last article, "Brennos & Sack of Rome".
Gurguit Barbtruc:
Garguit Barbtruc is the legendary son of Belinas.
Garguit Barbtruc
Gurguit Barbtruc (Welsh: Gwrgant Farfdrwch) was a legendary king of the Britons) as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of Belinus and was said to have found a home for the Irish people.
Belinas:
His father sadly passed away whilst fighting in Greece.
He committed suicide after receiving horrific injuries.
He might actually have been thrown off a tower in flames.
Later years
When Belinus finally died, he was cremated and placed on top of a great tower he had created. He was succeeded by his son Gurguit Barbtruc.
Link for photo#/media/File:Naxos_Sphinx_with_humans_for_size.jpg)
Temple of Apollo
Delirium:
Many poems attribute the enchanting music made by priests at the temple of Apollo.
Apparently the festivities would whip up a frantic delirium with loud screams and cries and the priests would turn the cries in to music.
Sounds like the temple of Apollo was used for capital punishment.
I wonder if this is how Belinas suffered his horrific injuries?
Temple of Apollo)
The Temple of Apollo, god of music, harmony and light, occupied the most important and prominent position in the Delphic Panhellenic Sanctuary. The edifice with the partially restored colonnade visible today dates to the 4th century BCE; it is the third temple built at the same place. The famous oracle, the Pythia, operated inside the temple, the location chosen, according to tradition, due to a sacred chasm beneath the site emitting vapors, which were inhaled by the Pythias, who then entered a state of delirium and uttering inarticulate cries, which were then turned into equivocal oracles by the priests.[1]#cite_note-:0-1)
Link for photo
Bladud jumping from Temple of Apollo
Bladud:
It is likely that King Bladud of Loegria was the first ever person to receive this honour.
Divination, wing and death
The tale claims that he also encouraged the practice of necromancy, or divination through the spirits of the dead. Through this practice, he is said to have constructed wings for himself and to have tried to fly to (or from) the temple of Apollo in Trinovantum (London)
Link for photo
Bladud
Isle of Ireland:
Now, enough of Garguit Barbtruc's fathers possible death.
An absolutely sensational claim is made, regards to Garguit Barbtruc.
According to translations of Irish legends, Garguit Barbtruc gave the Basclenses, under the leadership of Partholoim, the Isle of Ireland.
Gaurguit Barbtruc
On the return voyage, Gurguit came across a fleet of thirty ships of men and women, called Basclenses, under the leadership of Partholoim. They had been exiled from Spain and sought a new land to live in. Gurguit did not allow them to settle in Britain but he gave them the isle of Ireland to settle,
357-345 BC Further conflict in region:

Now, i will begin by stating, that it is not in the slightest bit unbelievable that Garguit Barbtruc, on his way back from Denmark, may have encountered a fleet of Gauls fleeing Iberia during this period.

Between 357 and 345 BC there was a huge war going on in those regions, and after initial success in sacking Rome, the Romans were beginning to win again, in this region, and the Gauls were being pushed out.
By 347 BC, they had been pushed out.
357-345 BC
There was single combat between a Gaul and a Roman, which the latter won. That was followed by a battle, which the Romans won. The Gauls scattered among the Volsci, and some of them went to Etruria and others to Apulia. The consuls then joined the other legions to deal with the Greek fleet. There was no battle, and the Greeks were kept offshore. Eventually, the Greeks ran out of the water and left.[51]
In 348 and 347, there was peace.
Celtiberian wars:
The depopulation of Celtiberians from the Iberian peninsula went on right through from the first Greco invasion in 600 BC, until the Celtiberian wars.
Early history of Iberian peninsula
The Greeks are responsible for the name Iberia, apparently after the river Iber (Ebro). In the 6th century BC, the Carthaginians arrived in Iberia, struggling first with the Greeks, and shortly after, with the newly arriving Romans for control of the Western Mediterranean. Their most important colony was Carthago Nova (Latin name of modern-day Cartagena).[7]
The peoples whom the Romans met at the time of their invasion in what is now known as Spain were the Iberians, inhabiting an area stretching from the northeast part of the Iberian Peninsula through the southeast. The Celts mostly inhabited the inner and north-west part of the peninsula. In the inner part of the peninsula, where both groups were in contact, a mixed culture arose, the Celtiberians. The Celtiberian Wars
Link for photo
Celtiberian suicide
Isle of Islay:
Now, it is unlikely that legends are referring to Ireland.
More likely the Isle of Isley, which is an Island on the North Irish coast, which evolved in to a gaelic speaking Irish Dal Riata stronghold
Islay
Islay (/ˈaɪlə/ (📷listen) EYE-lə; Scottish Gaelic: Ìle) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Known as "The Queen of the Hebrides",[7] it lies in Argyll just south west of Jura and around 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the Northern Irish coast. The island's capital is Bowmore where the distinctive round Kilarrow Parish Church and a distillery are located.[8] Port Ellen is the main port.[9]
Islay is the fifth-largest Scottish island and the eighth-largest island of the British Isles, with a total area of almost 620 square kilometres (240 sq mi).[Note 1] There is ample evidence of the prehistoric settlement of Islay and the first written reference may have come in the 1st century AD. The island had become part of the Gaelic Kingdom of Dál Riata during the Early Middle Ages
Link for photo
Isle of Islay
Portnahaven:
And Portnahaven,
on Isle of Islay, likely derives it's name, from where the legendary Partholoim landed.
Portnahaven
On the return voyage, Gurguit came across a fleet of thirty ships of men and women, called Basclenses, under the leadership of Partholoim
Link for photo
Portnahaven
Guithelin:
Now, when Garguit Barbtruc died, he was succeeded to the Albion throne by Guithelin.
Gurguit Barbtruc
Gurguit died peacefully and was buried in the Caerleon, a city he built up from the time his father founded it. Guithelin succeeded him to the kingship.
Port Ellen:
Port Ellen is the main port for Isle of Islay, a word almost definitely derived from Elin.
Islay
Port Ellen is the main port.[9]
Caerleon:
Now, what about the claim that Garguit was buried in Caerleon?
What proof is there that Belinas left Garguit the Fortress of Caerleon? After-all, Caerloeon is in Wales/Cambria! Not Albany.
Caerleon
Caerleon (/kərˈliːən/; Welsh: Caerllion) is a suburban town and community) on the River Usk[4][5] in the northern outskirts of the city of Newport, Wales. Caerleon is of archaeological importance, being the site of a notable Roman legionary fortress, Isca Augusta, and an Iron Age hillfort.
Link for photo
Caerleon
Caerleon:
Well, you see, when Cornwall conquered Loegria (England),, Albany (Scotland) allied themselves with Cambria/Wales, and also this new kingdom (Northumberland), whilst fighting this invasion.
But Dyfnwal killed both the king of Cambria and Albany.
It would appear, after the deaths of the two kings, Staterius of Albany's son, Belinus, inherited both the Cambrain kingdom, and kingdom of Albany.
Also the kingdom of Northerberland would be dissolved with the death of Brunnias, and would fall back in to the hands of Albany.
Legend
Dyfnwal was the King of Cornwall during the war created in the power vacuum left by Porrex I. He was braver and more courageous than all the other kings in the war. He defeated Pinner, the king of Loegria. In response, Rudaucus, king of Cambria, and Staterius, king of Albany, allied together and destroyed much of Dyfnwal's land. The two sides met in battle and were stalemated. Dyfnwal then took 600 of his men and himself and dressed themselves in the armour of the dead enemies. They led a charge deep into enemy lines where they killed the two kings.
Government:
Now, it appears that no King was put on the empty Loegria throne.
Instead it appears, that instead of a King, government was placed in the City of trinovantium (London).
Likely with the kings of Cornwall and Albany acting as house of Lords.
Guithelin
Guithelin was a legendary king of the Britons) as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He became king after the death of Gurguit Barbtruc.
He ruled liberally and temperately for his life. His Queen consort was an artisan and noblewoman named Marcia. When he died, his wife took over the government as regent for their son, Sisillius II.
Link for photo
Westminster
The Green Isle of Isley:
Name
and Eilean uaine Ìle – the "green isle of Islay"[18]
Edits:
I have made a few minor edits to this article, to include some additional information i found with farther research, and also to make a few minor corrections.
I have not been able to provide a source for every little change i made, but i will however be covering all this in the next article.


submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 17:45 laurk Epic Labor Day Storm! – A Wind River High Route Trip Report

Hey everyone! Long time - no post. Hope everyone is doing well. Get ready for a long post.
Where: Wind River Range, WY
When: Sept 5 – 12
Weather: LOLOL Keep reading…
Who: double date! My wife, my friend, his wife, and yours truly.
What: Alan's Wind River High Route
Lighterpack: https://lighterpack.com/93vagk
Photos: https://imgur.com/a/EXuHZem
My Insta: https://www.instagram.com/sprinklesonafieldtrip/
Day 0 (Sept 4 – car camping):
“omg I forgot my pants…” about 3hr into the road trip from SLC (where my wife and I live) I realized I forgot my pants. Great start. We rolled into the Big Sandy trailhead area on Friday, Sept 4. The place was PACKED as expected on a holiday weekend. Our friends from Colorado found a nice campsite on the river down the road from the trailhead. We shared a few beers, made some dinner, caught up, discussed the weather forecast, and relaxed because we had a big drive to Green River Lakes the next day.
Our thought process on the weather forecast: We knew there was weather coming, we just didn’t know how bad it would be. The forecast showed a 30% chance of heavy snow with predictions of 10” up near 13k feet, 8” around 11k feet, and 3” around 8k feet. This was coming Monday night after we were supposed to have passed the hardest section (Indian Pass to Alpine Lakes Pass to Golden Lakes). I suggested we don’t do the whole high route and do two 3-day trips around the Cirque of the Towers and north near Green River Lakes with time in the middle to let the storm pass over. Our Colorado friends were confident in their shoulder season abilities and were really excited to give it a try and were thinking 30% is something they were willing to chance with options to get below 11k feet. Ironically, this was actually the best choice, all things considered… read on.
Day 1 (Sat, Sept 5 – Green River Lakes Day):
The next morning, we found some parking for the week at the TH, had some breakfast, met the GotCo shuttle at 8am (they rock, highly recommend). We drove through Pinedale where I got some pants and light gaiters at the Great Outdoors Shop. Shout-out to that shop because their selection is actually awesome. Onwards to Green River Lakes, the drive was long but we showed up around noon. We slammed some food and were on our way. The last time I was in the Winds was 3 weeks prior with some dudes you might recognize: u/xscottkx, u/foggy_mountain, u/mittencamper (see “Dicks to the Wind…” trip report). We intentionally left this Green River Lakes section out and also missed the Cirque of the Towers due to circumstances described in the trip report. I was so happy to explore these two infamous areas I didn’t see last time.
Green River Lakes area SHOULD NOT BE MISSED! Is it wonderful, the hiking is fast and easy, rivers are Gatorade blue from the glacial runoff, Square Top Mountain is amazing and the view gets better the further down the trail you get (not just from the parking lot… u/xscottkx), and swimming in the rivers and lakes are wonderful. Highly recommend starting here. We did approximately 15mi, getting us to the trail junction at Clark Creek Trail (great camping) and just before Vista Pass. The hiking is really easy up until about here, so it’s a great stop if you catch the shuttle in the morning. Getting up to Peak Lake is better for views but most people will need a full day for this given the boulder hopping up to Vista Pass and total mileage around 19ish miles. The hike to Clark Creek junction is cruiser and a good warmup and the next day isn’t too bad if starting from here. Alternatively, catch the shuttle later (which might be hard if you’ve just spent a bunch of hours in the car that same day) start later in the day, go a couple miles in, then get to Peak Lake the next day. IMO these are the only two options that make sense given how the next days play out.
Day 2 (Sun, Sept 6 – Knapsack and Indian Basin Day):
We woke up with the sun, saw a moose, saw a bear (yeah within 15min of each other), navigated the large boulders to Vista Pass, came down to Peak Lake, swam, ate, chilled, and headed up through the easy basin to Knapsack. I had been here 3-weeks prior but even then, navigating wasn’t difficult. You can see Knapsack Col from Peak Lake. Just point yourself towards it, find the occasional use trail and get it done. There is ONE spot that tries to funnel you right, but again just keep yourself pointed toward the col and it’s all good. From Peak Lake to the top of Knapsack took 2-hours last time, and 2-hours this time. I stayed more left this time trading boulders for calf burning compact gravel but an easier, brainless use-trail. Last time we did the boulders to the right but ended up climbing higher. The boulders to the right are more fun. Either goes. The descent were fun boulders. Easy enough. Just don’t trip or anything. We stayed left, similar to last time, but got on the Twins Glacier snow fields as soon as we could because we knew it would be soft and fast travel. Navigating is easy in this whole area down to Titcomb Lakes. A use-trail fades in and out at first but becomes a more substantial trail near Titcomb Lakes. We chilled between the upper and lower lakes (amazing spot). Haze was actually a thing! Smoke from the wildfires was definitely in the air. We kept on cruising and made a hard-left northeast up Indian Basin towards Indian Pass. We found a nice campsite per Alan’s route’s recommendation. This is the last place with decent camping for the next… 8 miles maybe? My recommendation, with what lies ahead, camp high in Indian Basin. I wouldn’t want to be any further away from our objectives before us and logistically, high in the Indian Basin is the best place to be in order to set you up for tomorrow and the following days. Total mileage for the day was around 14.5 and it was definitely hard work. A good indicator for the upcoming days. Lastly, last time we went from Peak Lake to Indian pass and thought we could go further through alpine lakes… this is why we bailed. The next section, though low in miles is SLOW, difficult and disorienting. Stop high in Indian Basin and give yourself all day to get through to Camp Lake or the Golden Lakes area.
Day 3 (Mon, Sept 7 – The Crux! Indian Pass, Knifepoint Glacier, Alpine Lakes Pass, Alpine Lakes)
We got up around 5am. We knew the storm was coming that night and we wanted to get as far through the nastiness of Alpine Lakes before any weather came in. We cranked out Indian Pass which I’ll take the opportunity now to say: fuck this pass. It hides itself the entire way from the base of the basin and leads you on to multiple false summits. Anyway, we descended the snowfield on the other side (it was ROCK SOLID – microspikes territory), navigated the boulders, and for the first time I was on new ground. My previous trip with the boys took me right to here before descending down to Knifepoint Glacier. The gully/drainage was the way down. It’s obvious. The glacier and alpine pass look more menacing from far away than from up close. As you descend, the glacier contours make more and more sense. Anyway, similar to the descent of Knapsack, large table-sized boulders were before us before Knifepoint Glacier. Apparently, my friend slipped here, lunged forward and NAILED his head on a rock. He was really shaken up and potentially concussed but we didn’t know this until later. He felt fine and wanted to wait a bit before disclosing any info to not worry anyone. Scary. We got to Knifepoint Glacier. Rock fucking solid. It was a sheet of ice. We ended up speaking to people a few days later that said the glacier was soft and cruiser. No spikes needed for them. Crazy, because this thing would not have been passable without spikes for us. I can’t believe there was a moment where I considered not bringing my spikes. With said spikes, travel was fast and relatively easy. We did not have axes. We didn’t need them really, but one slip on this stuff and you would be sliding down to the boulders below. Just step carefully and keep moving. No, a trekking pole could not self-arrest a slide here. It was hard and crunchy ice. There are plenty of no-fall zones on this route, this was no different. I felt comfortable enough though. I am content with my decision not to bring my axe. About a half hour later, we had finished the glacier and were on to more boulders. Big ones. It was boulders pretty much all the way from the end of the glacier to Alpine Lakes Pass. Total time from Indian Pass to Alpine Lakes Pass was around 2.5hrs. Once on top of Alpine Lakes Pass, we took a break and then continued down boulders to the lake inlet. For some reason, when I pictured this route, I didn’t imagine this many boulder fields. I don’t think Alan’s report specifies this. From Indian Pass all the way to Golden Lakes, it’s mainly boulder fields. Miles mean nothing here- plan accordingly.
I studied the first alpine lake after Alpine Lakes Pass on Google Maps more than any other part on this trip. Every report I read says STAY HIGH, HIGHER THAN YOU THINK but how high is high? I spoke with u/horsecake22 a bit about this area and I think I did what he recommended but I’m not totally sure. In short, I think it is very obvious what to do. Don’t go down to the lakeshore, stay up on the obvious shelf of boulders above the lake. You come to some cliffs that so many seem to go down to the lake to pass but you stay high, there is an obvious gully. Take that mother all the way to the top. There is some snow and the stay close to the cliffs on your right and there is an obvious gully going back down. It’s very easy to navigate and not anything harder than what you have done previously up to this point. We continued down to the first lake’s outlet and ate lunch. Nice spot. And then more fucking boulder fields. Finally, a break on some grass at the second lake but that lasted maybe 20 minutes. More boulders. Then we did the south lake alternate around the third alpine lake. Highly recommend this alternate. It’s chill. The other side of the lake doesn’t look fun in terms of hiking and I think you would lose a lot of precious time going the other way, but that being said, if navigating more rugged terrain is your goal, then it looks fucking sweet. It was getting towards the end of the day when we got to Camp Lake. We went something like 6.5mi that day. Getting to Golden Lakes is easily doable and recommended. Just know your speed on boulder fields prior to planning your miles. Without knowing what type of terrain was in front of us, we decided to stay in a nice sheltered spot and give ourselves some time before the storm came. It wasn’t more than 1.5hrs later, around 7:30pm that we heard a massive crack of lighting nearby followed by styrofoam ball-like snowflakes. Prior to this, we were pulling weather on our inReaches so we had the latest updates. Still the same shit – 30% chance of heavy snow, lows around 12° starting the next morning, wind chill -8°, winds gusting around 35 knots, etc. I’ll say it… fuck Garmin’s weather forecast. With the weather being pulled in our area still only predicting a 30% chance… and still no updates to winds or snow fall… fuck Garmin weather. Don’t trust it. But I guess better than nothing.
Day 4 (Tues, Sept 8 – no school, it’s a snow day! Camp Lake to Golden Lakes to Hay Pass and Bailout to the Freemont Trail/CDT)
The next morning was the low point. We had over a foot of snow outside our tent. I got no sleep between punching snow off the Duplex and aggressive lighting/thunder all around us. No wind though. And it was much warmer at night than anticipated (again fuck garmin weather). We knew we had to GTFO and bail to the Freemont trail. I started to weigh my options. There was no way we could turn back. The Alpine Lakes section was far too sketchy and that would be about 36 miles back to Green River Lakes, with no car at the trailhead. Elkhart was about 25 miles from us and we had no car there either. It was also more off-trail travel compared to going out Hay Pass from the looks of it. It also looked like there were more passes to deal with as well. I didn’t like this option. We had about 35 miles back to Big Sandy along the Freemont trail (an actual trail) and our cars were there. Seemed like the most logical solution. We hiked. Man, this is WAY more snow and wind than we anticipated. We were right in the middle of our trip, nearly 30 miles from anywhere. I had no idea what lay before us in regards to terrain. I was starting to get really uncomfortable and straight up scared. We knew travel would be slow getting there and we thought, “yeah it’s still snowing, but if we can do 5 or 6 miles, we will be 5 or 6 miles closer to getting out.”
Camp Lake to Golden Lakes… more fucking boulders but this time with a foot of snow hiding leg-breaking pits and each boulder had a sheen of ice on top. Oh, and bushwhacking through brush and trees TRYING to find any signs of a trail that was near us. It was actually from Camp Lake to the next couple lakes that was the scariest section. A steep wall of boulders with snow and ice made travel very slow and dangerous. The wind was whipping. We were so cold and wet but we knew moving was going to keep us warm(er). We got over and through Lake 10,787 and made our way down to Upper Golden Lake. More fucking boulders and trees. I was getting REALLY worried at this point. We had been going for 4 straight hours and had gone 3 miles. I wasn’t eating or drinking out of stress. The worst part was, I didn’t know what lay ahead. More boulders? More snow? More wind? More stream crossings? Our feet were soaked from snow and plunging into snow-bridged creeks. Plastic bags were on our feet. Those didn’t make any difference since the deep snow travel kept funneling snow down in the bags. We decided to break for lunch. We set up the tent and bedding to warm up. Got some hot drinks in us. Some bars. We were there for a couple hours, then kept moving. I will say… the views looking back up to Lake Louise and Upper Golden Lake were spectacular. It was a winter wonderland. Dennis Lake was another stunner. All the lakes were steaming from the temperature difference. I barely got any photos just because we were trying to GTFO. We pushed through waist-deep drifts up to Hay Pass. The terrain became significantly less demanding in terms of boulders. Still a lot of snow, tree pits and snow bridged streams. We actually took the wrong line up Hay Pass. We were on the other side of this small ridge closer to Dennis Lake but it ended up being fine because the views over Dennis Lake were amazing. We got to the top and connected with the Hay Pass Trail and for the first time could make out an actual trail! We hoped we would make it to lake 10,322 but we actually surpassed our goal and made it a couple miles further. I was starting to breathe easier. And then the cold…
Day 5 (Wed, Sept 9 – Cruising on the Freemont Trail through blow downs)
The next morning, I couldn’t get my feet in my shoes. Nothing ever dries in cold environments. The moisture freezes or thaws and get’s more wet. My shoes were ice bricks. Temps dropped to around 13° according to Garmin which who the fuck knows how accurate that is but I’ll say on the PCT last year, we had over 10 nights below 20° and 3 of those were around 13° and this felt the same as that. My wife used her hand warmers that our friends gave us before we started. I was saving mine just in case we REALLY needed them. We stayed in our bags until around 8am. Hot breakfast and coffee. I peed out of my tent door for the first time ever. Amazing. I was waiting until the last moment to get out of my quilt. We got moving and connected to the Freemont Trail. Familiar territory again since I was here last. Travel was actually FAST! Still a bit of snow on the trail but not nearly as much. The sunshine (thank god) made the snow slushy resulting in more wetness.
We were on the other side of the divide at this point. Significantly less snow but it looked like they traded snow for hurricane force winds. I have never seen blow downs like this. Whole groves of pine trees flattened. Some uprooted yes, but also some snapped at the trunk. I’m talking about alive and healthy 16” diameter pine trees snapped 6’ up from the ground… unreal. Most of this section is actually pretty open with grass lands. Occasionally we would come across some downed pine trees but not nearly as bad as our last day… Later that day, we came across a campsite that was completely abandoned. A brand new 2020 BA Copper Spur, flattened, ripped on the fly, a map, a CCF Exped pad, a notebook with no info other than mileage counts, a space blanket, one Vibram 5-finger, a camp sink, and a space pen. We debated what we should do with it. Maybe he/she would come back? The absence of a backpack and sleeping bag made it obvious to us they bailed. We concluded this stuff would just blow around out here and would be trash. We decided to leave a note in the notebook with my number and tied it to the tree with a reflective bit of the space blanket, and pack-out all the trash and camping equipment to leave the place clean again. If the person is reading this or you know the person, please reach out to me!
Since I wasn’t eating much out of stress, my pack was still so freaking heavy with all the food and now add a 3lb tent and an extra CCF pad. Ugh. We decided to keep going as far as we could go that day. We hiked until about 7:30pm which ended with a stream crossing, about ankle deep. In the sun, my socks and shoes actually dried! Amazing. This was a much-needed day because it allowed us to collect ourselves and decide that instead of just heading out as quickly as possible to the car, we would try to hustle, add 5 extra miles and do the Cirque of the Towers. A few extra hours of hiking for an infamous area? Sure, why not. We hiked until we got to just before the trail junction where the trail splits off towards the Cirque setting us up for a fun last day. Mileage this day was about 17.5.
Day 6 (Thur, Sept 10 – Cirque of the Towers)
The night wasn’t that cold for us, maybe around high 30s low 40s but it was really windy. We got going early. The approach to Texas Pass was equal parts beautiful and windy. So much wind. The terrain became snowy again around Shadow Lake. My feet got so wet with all the snow bridged streams I punched through to. The terrain through here was stunning though. And not a fucking soul in sight. I should add, we were breaking trail in the snow pretty much the entire time since the snow fell. This did not make things any easier, lol. We had the whole place to ourselves, it seemed. The trail was somewhat visible at times through the Shadow Lake area but mostly faded to just snow. And then… Texas Pass.
I think we all had PTSD from the previous boulder fields with snow and now another. Hopping up wasn’t as bad though. Things were fine until the boulders ran out and you were left with loose gravel mixed with snow. No bueno. We made a semi-scary snow traverse over to more solid boulders before hopping our way to the top. OH MY GOD THE VIEWS! There were times while approaching Texas Pass where I thought “man I just want to get the fuck out of here” but I am soooo glad we kept going. The granite spires on the other side of Texas Pass were jaw-dropping. As a climber, I couldn’t believe my eyes. Was I in Patagonia? Shit man… Travel down to Lonesome Lake was pretty easy since a lot of snow was melting off the south facing granite ramps. We cruised down to the lake for lunch. After, we took the standard trail up Jackass Pass instead of doing the climber’s trail just because Texas Pass slowed us down a bit. The climber’s trail looks really fun though but lots of boulders and there was quite a bit of snow on the north-facing slope up to this pass. Next time. The standard trail up Jackass Pass still had quite a bit of snow but I eventually found the trail. As the trail got higher near the switchbacks, it was cruiser, exposed gravel to the top. From here we saw a beautiful and big red fox skipping along just below us. Amazing. And now, all downhill from here! False. You drop down near Arrowhead Lake and then right back up again. More snow, more ankle twisting rocks hidden by the snow. Past another lake with some more rocky terrain. Then finally Big Sandy Lake! Oh how I longed for the cruiser trail down from Big Sandy Lake! And no snow! Horrah! Wrong. As the pine tree groves became thicker the blow downs became more intense. It was AWFUL and slow. So many downed trees both alive and dead. Hopping over dead trees isn’t so bad but live trees… live trees hold a thick blockade of fresh branches and needles. Sometimes you would have to navigate so far off trail to get around the trees you would lose the trail long enough to look at your GPS. I have NEVER seen blow downs like this in my life. We were hopping and navigating around blowdowns as quickly as possible. The sky had not been looking good for the past couple hours and we couldn’t stop thinking Please don’t rain. Please don’t rain.” We were a quarter mile from our car and- Snow. Lots of snow. Wet, big flakes. Whatever. Fuck this trip haha. We clocked about 15 hard miles for the day and ended around 5:30pm.
For the time of year, conditions couldn’t have been made any more difficult. If you didn’t have snow, it was wind and/or cold, if it wasn’t any of those, it was blow downs. It was always fucking something. We got to the parking lot. It was nearly empty. I saw my car. But barely. It was behind some foliage. What the heck? We rolled up to my car and a 40-foot tree had fallen no more than 3 feet from my bumper. JFC. We laughed and laughed! We headed over to the Big Sandy Lodge. All I wanted was a beer and a burger. Nope. Power was out. Quite a bit of damage was done to the lodges. I spoke with the owners and they said winds got to over 100mph. I believe it. I wished them well and glad that it wasn’t worse for them.
The drive out of Big Sandy TH was jaw-dropping. So much work had been done cutting down so many fucking trees. I imagine that people were trapped there for at least a day before the road was open. Which brings me back to my original thought- If we did my two 3-day trips instead of one big high route, then we probably wouldn’t have been able to get out or go anywhere.
We cruised over to Rock Springs, found a $50 motel, inhaled some Mexican food around 8:30pm. Tipped them heavily because we smelled bad and they stayed open late for us. Crashed.
Trip Thoughts:
We got unlucky with the weather but at the same time got VERY lucky with the weather. If we were on the other side of the divide in that wind, we would have been toast. If it wasn’t the wind that destroyed our tents most likely we would have camped near trees to break the wind. Those trees would have probably fallen on us. It was a true adventure. Truly epic. I couldn’t have asked for a better couple to be with. They kept their shit together and moved efficiently and helped with navigating. They are super strong and I was really glad to have them on this trip. A lot of other people would have bailed a lot sooner or never went out at all but we did it! It was an epic experience and it was great to see us all push ourselves on what might be the most difficult backpacking trip we will ever do. Since everything worked out, I had a great time. Lots of memories were made. I also think we rode the line of uncertainty a little too much for too long and got quite lucky just because of the location we were in. If presented with the same information at the beginning of our next hike I don’t think I would go! Lastly, I want to go back and do the 23mi stretch we missed off the high route. It would be from Hay Pass to Skull Lake. This was my second time back on the high route and again I didn’t complete it. Of course, given the circumstances I have no regrets. But a thru hike of Alan’s WRHR is still incomplete for me… and that bugs me. FOMO I guess. I’m taking suggestions on how I can best make that final link. Let me know! Maybe a 50mi loop from Big Sandy a throw in the Cirque again.
Mentionable Gear:
[KUHL Freeflex Pants](https://www.kuhl.com/kuhl/mens/pants/freeflex-pant/): Tried on the infamous OR Ferrosi’s. They did not fit my beautiful-skinny feature. Hard pass on those pants. Typical of tall-skinny dudes. Grabbed the KUHL Freeflex Pants. They were awesome. Wish they were a TAD longer but love the slim fit and simple design. No belt – me like.
MLD DCF Burn w/ Gossamer Gear Fast Belt – Good: So fucking comfy. This was a custom order with some mods like Prophet straps, load lifters (which I love even on hipbeltless set up). I have had two trips now with over 6 days of food in there, and I love it. I use SWD shoulder strap pockets with this pack. Great combo. It’s narrow. Hard to load shit in there. Wish they tapered a bit towards the top. Not a big deal. I can BARELY reach my water bottles from my side pockets. Wish the pockets, or at least one pocket was shorter. I still love this pack. I have used several other hipbeltless packs and this one is the most comfortable. The shoulder straps alone are worth it. It is kind of a do all pack. Good for overnighters or week-long trips.
The All NEW [Black Diamond Wind Hood GridTech Gloves](https://www.blackdiamondequipment.com/en_US/wind-hood-gridtech-glove-BD801013_cfg.html#cgid=apparel&gclid=Cj0KCQjwqfz6BRD8ARIsAIXQCf3PSnUOhr-rtrt3kdwqPL2sqazXFmtq2cY0fCziJZwhw8pNrUr4EtQaAglaEALw_wcB&utm_campaign=brand&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=google&start=1): These things are trashed after one trip on the WRHR lol. Love the design but not recommended for boulder hopping. Might get another pair. They run big! Size down. I normally wear a size large in gloves and these are a medium. Be careful with them and I think they are a great solution when gloves are on the list. I found the outer hood to be sufficiently weather resistant! Not great for a down poor but good for light cold rains in the mountains.
Ruta Locura Trekking Pole: third trip with this little guy. I use just one. I have fallen and put my full weight on this 3 times, all were in the winds. This thing bent like a full U and still didn’t break. It’s legit.
Arc’Teryx Remige Sun Hoodie: fit is amazing. The hood is a LITTLE tight. Just a LITTLE BIT tight but that’s it. I have a sizeable beard so that impacts the tightness of the hood but it’s great in the wind. I use this thing backpacking, climbing, on the river, skiing, sleeping, I never take it off. Love it. Find it on sale. I might try to Patagonia Tropic Comfort for a looser fitting hood. The Patagonia Cool Daily isn’t long enough for me but I do have about 1000mi on that one and its held up well too. Love sun hoodies.
Fuji X-T20 w/ 18-55 F2.8-4: Best interchangeable lens backpacking camera that is just as good on trail as it is off. It is a one stop shop camera for me. I love the pics that come out of this thing. I can do tons with it. I am not limited by the camera. I liked this way better than my Sony a6000 especially when looking at the lenses available. Highly recommend this for an APSC sensor camera. It’s heavy, but also the body and lenses can take a beating. I use a capture clip with this camera and the camera just bangs around in dirt and on rocks when I take my pack off and it’s still looking good and working great! Highly recommend.
3000+ Mile Gear Reviews:
Duplex – Good: this thing takes everything I throw at it… I have nothing bad to say about this tent. Not great in high winds but it's still great even after some crazy 40+mph wind storms. My wife and I pitch this tent almost every night on the PCT and it still won’t quit on us. This was the first time getting over a foot of snow and it did great. Love this tent. MSR groundhogs for this thing – minis for the corners, standard groundhogs for the vestibule tie-outs and MSR Carbon Cores for the ceiling tie outs. This combo works well.
Katabatic Alsek: She looks brand new even after all this time. Taken her below 20° over 10 times now without issue. Totally comfy down to about 25°. Love the strap system. Been through the wash a handful of times and looking as good as the day I got her. Can’t recommend enough. Wish the regular width was 54” rather than 52” but small potatoes. I am just over 6’ and the long is the perfect length for me.
Sea 2 Summit Aeros UL: best pillow IMO. I have a shit ton of miles/nights on this thing and it won’t quit. Looking good still today. I do wish it had a bit more height and a little more neck support for side sleepers like me. Pro-Tip, rotate 180° for more neck support and zip your puffy around your pillow and pad to keep it from moving around.
Thermarest NeoAir Xlite Long-Wide: Never got a pop in it until now… went the whole PCT without ever popping this thing. Now… after this trip, there is a very slow leak. It’s warm to about 25° for me and love the wide width. I have a Wide-Reg with the new valve on-order. I love these pads.
Nitecore NU25: it’s the best light. You can actually night hike with it. I put it around my hipbelt for night hikes. Love the flood light mode. Use that 90% of the time over spot mode. Has all the features I want in a very light package including the locking feature. I used this thing a LOT on the PCT for all the night hiking we did and it’s still going strong. Go get one.
Sawyer Squeeze: I have about 1300mi on this one filter. Still going but definitely ready for a new one. I’ve cleaned her good but just not what she used to be. I’ve used the BeFree. It sucks. The squeeze is reliable. I pair it with a 2L CNOC bag and a smart water bottle and can gravity feed with the coupling attachment while hanging it on my trekking pole. It’s a light system that I really like.
MSR PocketRocket Deluxe – Good: efficient, great in wind, light. Bad: ignitor is awful and hasn't only worked ~30 times before quitting. All the arms are loose and you can’t tighten them more since the hardware is shit and strips easily. I was warned of these flaws before purchasing and still love this thing. Working great still.
Montbell Versalite: I wore this thing all the time in Washington and throughout the PCT. I wore it a ton on this last trip in the winds. This thing looks good as new even still today! Still performs great. Breathes well. Lots of features. Love the hood. Love this jacket.
Montbell Superior: for the price, this down jacket is amazing. Can’t recommend enough. The hood fits perfectly, love the length and just overall fit. I won’t quit on this jacket if it continues to not quit on me.
Enlightened Equipment Copperfield Wind Pants Custom 7d: I love these things! Wear them all the time either at night in my quilt to cover my dirty legs, or over my shorts during a chilling morning or windy traverses. Just over an ounce and packs super small and after wearing them over and over again they still are looking good! Well… they don’t LOOK good on me but they are in great shape after 3000 miles.
Wish I brought:
Usually I wear the classic Casio and this time I left it behind. I wish I didn’t.
submitted by laurk to Ultralight [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 16:22 StevenStevens43 Brennius, Belinas & The sack of Rome

Brennius, Belinas & The sack of Rome
Pre-roman Invasion of Loegria:
This is a continuation of a previous article i wrote, where i claimed that there were reasons to suggest that Loegria, the land south of the Humber river and Lake district, became conquered. "Or at least influenced". Most likely by Greco-Romans.
One should perhaps read that article first, before reading this one, as they both inter-connect.
Pre-roman invasion of Loegria
War:
Now, in legends, there is indeed a war going on.
In fact, there has been a war going on between Loegria, and Cornwall, ever since "Brutus" arrived on the island in 1112 BC and subjugated the Cornish and pushed them in to the most South Western part of Albion.
However the Cornish fought back.
Likely allying themselves with others, and they were successful in fully reconquering Loegria, from Brennius.
Dyfnwal Moelmud
Dyfnwal was the King of Cornwall during the war created in the power vacuum left by Porrex I. He was braver and more courageous than all the other kings in the war. He defeated Pinner, the king of Loegria. In response, Rudaucus, king of Cambria, and Staterius, king of Albany, allied together and destroyed much of Dyfnwal's land. The two sides met in battle and were stalemated. Dyfnwal then took 600 of his men and himself and dressed themselves in the armour of the dead enemies. They led a charge deep into enemy lines where they killed the two kings. After this battle, Dyfnwal destroyed the remaining defences of the kings and pillaged their lands.
Following the defeat of the rival kings, Dyfnwal created a crown like that of his predecessors and claimed the throne of Britain. He created a set of rules for the kingdom called the Molmutine Laws, which nearly ended robbery within his kingdom and lasted for many centuries. He reigned in peace and prosperity for forty years then died and was buried in the Temple of Concord, a tribute to his laws, which resided in Trinovantum. His death sparked another civil war between his two sons, Belinus and Brennius.
Temple of Concord:
Now to commemorate his great achievement in conquering the land South of the Humber, he was buried in the Temple of Concord in the Loegrian capital of Trinovantium (London).
Legend
He reigned in peace and prosperity for forty years then died and was buried in the Temple of Concord, a tribute to his laws, which resided in Trinovantum.
Link for photo
Temple of Concord
Roman Goddess:
Concordia, is of course, a Roman goddess.
She is likely the Goddess that threw Bladud from the building.
Temple of Concord
The Temple of Concord (Latin: Aedes Concordiae) in the ancient city of Rome refers to a series of shrines or temples dedicated to the Roman goddess Concordia),
Link for photo
Death of Bladud
North of the Humber:
By 390 BC, Kings of the Island of Albion have been pushed North, sparking a civil war between two Brothers, as Brennius now has to attempt to invade and conquer his brothers land of Albany, in order to remain a king, and the end result of this war is that Brennius (after much fighting, twists and turns) ends up with the land North of the Humber, (Northumberland), and Belinus ends up with a smaller portion of Albany, than what he had before, and Albany becomes the land approximately North of Northumberland.
Claiment to the throne of Britain (Albion)
In an effort to win the crown of Britain, Brennius and Balinus waged war between each other to determine who should succeed their father. Many battles were fought between the two brothers until a time came when their friends intervened and a compromise was decided upon. Belinus became the King of the Britons with Brennius as King of Northumberland.
Link for photo
Nordic Humber land/North Humber land
Conquerors of Rome:
Now, according to legends, a unified Albany and Northumberland led by Belinus and Brennius, went to war with the Gauls and Franks, and began marching through their lands.
Though, i do not think those are the same Gauls and Franks from before 600 BC.
Belinus and Brennius are also (Gauls and Franks).
The Gauls and Franks being referred to here, are in fact more likely Messenaean Romans (Greco/Romans) that have invaded Gaul, and perhaps even Loegria, as far North as the River Humber.
Conqueror of Rome
Following their unification, Belinus and Brennius merged their armies into one great one and invaded Gaul. After a year of warfare, the joint army managed to subject all the Frankish kingdoms in Gaul to their authority. Now with an even greater army, Belinus lead his great army to Italy and threatened to invade Rome. Outside Rome, the two consuls, Gabias and Porsenna, sued for peace and offered wealth, tribute, and hostages as a sign of their submission.
Battle of the Allia:
Now, the battle is indeed attested to by well reputed contemporary Roman and Greek historians and Scholars.
The battle of Allia
The Battle of the Allia was a battle fought c. 390 BC between the Senones (a Gallic tribe who had invaded northern Italy) and the Roman Republic. The battle was fought at the confluence of the Tiber and Allia rivers, 11 Roman miles (16 km, 10 mi) north of Rome. The Romans were routed and Rome was subsequently sacked by the Senones.
The date of the battle is commonly given as 390 BC (in the Varronian chronology), based on an account of the battle by the Roman historian Livy. The Greek historian Polybius used a Greek dating system and derived the date as 387 or 386 BC.
Link for photo
Brennius
Historicity:
Now, it seems that contemporary history does indeed verify that a Gaulish tribe led by Brennus, sacked Rome.
Historicity
Rome was indeed captured by Brennus), a Gaulish chieftain, following the Battle of the Allia on 18 July 390 BC.
Brennus:
There was however "nobody" called "Brennus".
"The Brennos" was the "collective name" for both the brothers.
Brennus
Brennus or Brennos (Gaulish: Brano "raven") is the name of two Gaulish chieftains, famous in ancient history:
Brennus), chieftain of the Senones, a Gallic tribe originating from the modern areas of France known as Seine-et-Marne, Loiret, and Yonne; in 387 BC, in the Battle of the Allia, he led an army of Cisalpine Gauls in their attack on Rome.
Link for photo
Gallic Helmet
Germanic mercenaries:
There was however "a huge" twist in this tale.
The Brennos had pretty much conquered Rome without much of a fight, having already defeated them in Gaul.
The Greco-Romans simply surrendered and negotiated a treaty, which the Brennos accepted.
However, the Brennos got as far as Germany, presumed allied territory, when they were met with a surprise.
The Romans broke the treaty, and had actually allied themselves with Germanic mercenaries, and a group of Germanic, a mix of ex Gauls (Germanics) and Italian troops, attacked Brennos army, so the Brennos had to defeat this army, and immediately do a u-turn, and reconquer Rome.
They did this, but this time, the invasion was not met with a treaty.
They sacked Rome.
Conqueror of Rome
Belinus and Brennius accepted and took their great army to Germany. Soon after this movement north, Rome broke the treaty and marched north, and Brennius went to fight the Romans while Belinus remained at war with the Germans (who were being helped by various other Italian troops).
Brennius traveled south and besieged Rome for three days until his brother came to his aid in the invasion. The Romans defended the city for many days and were successful in repelling the invaders. Finally, the two consuls put on armour and joined the men defending the city. They pushed the invaders back but Belinus was able to reform the lines and stop the attacks. Brennius and Belinus continued forward until the walls were breached and the Britons and Gauls invaded the city.
Saxons:
Now, it is revealed in Norse legends, who the mercenaries were.
The mercenaries were....... "The Saxons".
Dan III
After him DAN came to the throne. When he was in the twelfth year of his age, he was wearied by the insolence of the embassies, which commanded him either to fight the Saxons or to pay them tribute. Ashamed, he preferred fighting to payment and was moved to die stoutly rather than live a coward. So he elected to fight; and the warriors of the Danes filled the Elbe with such a throng of vessels, that the decks of the ships lashed together made it quite easy to cross, as though along a continuous bridge. The end was that the King of Saxony had to accept the very terms he was demanding from the Danes.
Dan III:
You see, Brennius and Belinas are from the same family as the Danish noble houses, and before the Gallic uprising, the Danes and Norwegians had been involved in the domestic dispute that pre-dated the unification.
It was just a domestic family dispute.
Claiment to throne of Britain
Five years later, Brennius wed the daughter of the King of Norway without consulting Belinus. Belinus invaded Northumberland and seized Brennius's land. Brennius heard of this violation and gathered a large Norwegian army together to sail for Britain. On the way, a fleet of ships under the King of Denmark attacked because the king wanted Brennius's wife for himself. They fought in the open ocean and the two sides dispersed. The King of Denmark managed to capture the wife of Brennius but he then got lost and landed on Britain. Belinus captured the king and his brother's wife. Brennius landed in Albany and demanded the return of all his lands and his wife. If not, he swore he would kill Belinus if they ever met in battle.
Offa of Angel:
Now, all this between the Saxons, and Scandinavians apparently began when one of Dan III's ancestors had expelled the Saxons to the otherside of the Schleswig border, which seperates the land of Germany and Denmark, and he brought Denmark under Scandinavian control.
But the dispute between the Brennos and the scandinavians was resolved with the unification.
And the Saxons, that have obviously always felt vengeful about what happened under Offa of angel, see the Romans as their ticket.
Offa of angel
According to Widsith and the Danish sources, Offa successfully conquered the Myrgings, possibly a clan of Saxon origin, and incorporated their land into Angel or Danish lands, by slaying two Myrging princes in single combat and installing himself as their king.
Link for photo
Offa
Apollonic invasion:
Now it was not only Rome that the Brennos invaded.
This was in fact a war against Messenaeans.
One of the brothers also attempted to invade Athens.
Link for photo
Another Brennus) was one of the leaders of the army of Gauls who attempted to invade and settle in the Greek mainland in 278 BC. After a looting spree and after managing to pass Thermopylae by encircling the Greek army and forcing it to retreat he made his way to the rich treasury at Delphi but he was defeated by the re-assembled Greek army. Brennus was heavily injured at the battle of Delphi and committed suicide there.
Link for photo
Thermoplae
Belinus:
This invasion must have been led by Belinas, as his brother is reported to have lived out the remainder of his days in Rome.
Conqueror of Rome
Brennius stayed in Rome and ruled ruthlessly for the rest of his days.
Delian league:
It would have been an invasion intended to push back the newly formed and expanding Delian league, in order to re-establish the long lost Latin league.
Delian league
The Delian League, founded in 478 BC,[1] was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330[2][3][4] under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of Greece. The League's modern[5] name derives from its official meeting place, the island of Delos, where congresses were held in the temple and where the treasury stood until, in a symbolic gesture,[6] Pericles moved it to Athens in 454 BC.[7]
Link for photo
Delian league expansion
Roman & Delian expansion:
Unfortunately/fortunately the sack of Rome would only serve to knock the Messenaeans back.
The Romans would quite quickly recapture Rome, and re-assert their attempts at expansion.
Modern evaluation of conflicts
vote and by a strengthening of the alliance with Caere, which had helped Rome during the Gallic sack. After the initial setback and attacks, Rome resumed its expansionism of the late 5th and early 4th centuries.[54]
Death of Belinus:
And Belinus would commit suicide in Greece, after becoming badly injured in a battle.
Brennus
Brennus was heavily injured at the battle of Delphi and committed suicide there.
Fear of Barbarians:
The attacks did however lead to a long lasting fear of Gauls, in Rome.
To the point, they would even sacrifice themselves to Gods, even though they do not believe in sacrifice.
Fear of Gauls
The Gallic sack led to a long-lasting and profound fear of the Gauls in Rome. In 350 and 349 BC, unspecified Gauls attacked Latium. They were probably marauding raids. On the second occasion, Marcus Valerius Corvus was said to have fought a duel with a Gallic champion.[55] Polybius said that Rome made a peace with the Gauls, who did not return for 30 years.[56] Despite Rome defeating the Senones in the Battle of Sentinum (295) during the Third Samnite War (298-290), popular fear of the Gauls persisted. In 228, 216, and 114 fears of Gallic attacks led to the Romans performing human sacrifices by burying alive a pair of Gauls and a pair of Greeks even though human sacrifice was not a Roman custom. Presumably, that was to avert the danger of Gallic disaster.[57]

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 14:00 cincbus Introducing: The Norwegian Royal Family

Royal Family Instagram https://www.instagram.com/detnorskekongehus/
Crown Princess Mette Marit Instagram https://www.instagram.com/crownprincessmm/?hl=en
Princess Martha Louise Instagram https://www.instagram.com/princessmarthalouise/
Princess Martha Louise Instagram #2 https://www.instagram.com/iam_marthalouise/ (I believe she was asked to no longer use the Princess title)
King Harald V (b. 1937)
Ascended the throne in 1991 after the death of his father, King Olav V. He was the third child of the King, however his older siblings were both females. At the time of his birth he was 16th in line to the British throne as a descendant of Queen Victoria. He spent part of his childhood in Sweden and the US after his family went into exile during WW2.
Harald has executive power granted to him by the constitution, however he is not politically responsible for exercising it. His acts must be countersigned with a member of the Council of State (generally the Prime Minister). He also has the power of veto, however no Norwegian King has exercised it since the dissolution of union of Sweden in 1905.
Interesting Facts:
Represented Sweden in the 1964, 1968, and 1972 Olympic Games in the sport of sailing.
Marriage: Harald married commoner Sonja Haraldsen in 1968. They dated (in secret!) for 9 years prior because his father, King Olav, would not allow him to marry a commoner. Olav only relented when Harald told him he would remain unmarried for his lifetime unless he was allowed to marry Sonja. They met at a dinner party.
See photos from their wedding here:.
As part of his official visit to Washington and Alaska in May, His Majesty King Harald V of Norway spoke at Pacific Lutheran University’s Commencement ceremony, where he received a Doctor of Laws jure dignitatis.
Gave a speech that publicly supported LGTBQ+
Queen Sonja (b. 1937)
Born to a clothing merchant in Oslo. She received a diploma in dressmaking and tailoring as well as a degree from finishing school. She also attended the University of Oslo receiving a degree in French, English, and Art History.
One of my favorite photos of the Queen at age 33.
A fun article on Sonja and her love of art
Listen to an interview with Sonja (in English)
Crown Prince Haakon (b. 1973)
CP Haakon is heir apparent to the throne of Norway although he has an older sister, Princess Martha Louise. He has served in the Royal Norwegian Navy, attended classes at the University of Oslo, and completed his education in development studies at the London School of Economics.
Marriage:
Married Crown Princess Mette-Marit, a commoner, in 2001. Then a single mother, Mette-Marit had a known “party” background that included involvement in the rave scene in Oslo, which included a significant drug-subculture. Additionally, the father of her child, Marius, had prior convictions of drug-related offenses.
The Norwegian people were unhappy with CP Haakon’s choice of bride. Many Norwegian conservatives were also upset with the pair when it was made public that they were living together before their marriage. In a heartfelt press conference before their wedding, a tearful Mette-Marit explained her past and apologized for her youthful rebelliousness.
Quotes from her press conference:
“My youthful rebellion went further than it did for others, and I learnt some hard lessons.” The single mother has what has been described as “a colourful past in Oslo’s famously drug-ridden ‘house party’ scene.”
“We tested the limits. It has taken time for me to deal with this. I know it has been difficult for many people. It has been difficult for me. But I can’t make those choices over again, even if I could wish that that were possible.”
The Crown Prince told the assembled media that the Royal Family had spent time discussing how the questions around his future wife’s past should be dealt with before she brought up the issue herself. “What we shared was so important that I could not let it go,” said the heir to the Norwegian throne about his decision to marry Mette-Marit. “I think that together we are stronger than I am by myself.”
The couple also talked about how both of their mothers were giving lots of marriage advice, and about Mette-Marit’s four-year-old son Marius, who will be a page boy at Saturday’s nuptials. “I think he thinks that he is getting married as well,” commented his mother fondly.
See photos from their wedding (including some of your other favorite royals!) here.
Watch their wedding: Mette-Marit appeared to weep throughout much of their wedding.
Watch a speech from Haakon (in English!)
Crown Princess Mette-Marit (b. 1973)
Mette-Marit was born in Norway. Her father was a reported alcoholic who, once his daughter’s relationship with the Crown Prince was public, was paid up to $45,000 USD annually by a magazine to share private information and photos of his daughter. His relationship with MM was strained, however they reportedly reconciled sometime before his death in 2007.
She completed her high school education before taking preparatory college courses at Agder College. She then worked as a waitress in Oslo before meeting the Crown Prince at a party during Quart Festival, Norway’s largest music festival. Years later, after becoming a single mother, she met Haakon again and their relationship began. Since becoming Crown Princess, MM has taken several college course and completed a master’s degree in Executive Management.
In 2018 it was announced that MM had been diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis, which will limit her official duties.
Watch a speech (in English) from MM.
Princess Ingrid Alexandra (b. 2004)
The Constitution of Norway was altered in 1990 to introduce absolute primogeniture, meaning the crown will pass to the eldest child regardless of sex. It was not considered retroactive, however, thus Crown Prince Haakon remains the heir ahead of his elder sister Martha Louise. As a result, Princess Ingrid Alexandra will become the country’s second female monarch behind Queen Margaret, who reigned over Norway, Denmark, and Sweden from 1380-1412.
Her godparents include Crown Prince Fred of Denmark, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, and the King of Spain. She was a bridesmaid in Victoria’s wedding – see a photo of her and fellow future queen Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands here.
Ingrid is second in line to the throne behind her Father, Crown Prince Haakon.
Prince Sverre Magnus (b. 2005)
Known for dabbing on the royal balcony.
He was confirmed in Asker church earlier this month.
Marius Borg Hoiby (b. 1997)
Marius is the son of CP Mette Marit from a prior relationship. Marius is not a working member of the royal family. He does not hold a title and does not appear in official portraits.
On January 10, 2017 (shortly before his 20th birthday), Crown Princess Mette-Marit posted an open letter on the royal family's website, asking the press to let her son get peace, as he is not a public person or wants a life in the public light. "Marius does not want to live a life in public. My commitment to him as a mother is to take the responsibility that was given me at Aker Hospital 20 years ago seriously,” she wrote, before asking some Norwegian media to let him drop from their radar “as he wants, when he now partly for that reason chose to go abroad to study.”
You can follow him on Instagram here: https://www.instagram.com/marius_borg/?hl=en
Princess Martha Louise (b. 1971)
Princess Martha Louise is the eldest child of the King and Queen, however due to Norway’s then-agnatic primogeniture rules she was replaced in the line of succession by her younger brother, Haakon.
Princess Märtha Louise is a certified physiotherapist following education in Oslo and internship in the Netherlands. She has not practiced her profession, however, choosing instead, from her fascination in traditional Norwegian folk tales as well as a love of music, to establish her own commercial entertainment business based on giving public and televised performances reciting folk tales and singing with well-known Norwegian choirs.
After studying physiotherapy at an academy for holistic medicine, she decided to open her own business in 2002. The King, after consulting her, issued a royal edict which removed Princess Märtha Louise's style of Royal Highness (she is conventionally accorded the lesser style Highness abroad, although this style has no legal standing in Norway), in order to provide her freedom from her constitutional role as a princess.
She claims she can communicate with animals and angels and started an alternative therapy center named Astarte Education. Founded as Astarte Education in 2007 and dubbed an “angel school,” the company changed its name to “Soulspring” three years ago. The school offered classes in “healing, reading and touching,” and various treatments and therapies aimed at teaching clients “how to find yourself.” The school closed in 2018 due to financial issues.
Marriage: Married commoner Ari Behn, an author, in 2002 and they divorced in 2017. He passed away from suicide last year. Together they have 3 children:
Maud Angelica Behn (b. 2003)
Leah Isadora Behn (b. 2005)
Emma Tallulah Behn (b. 2008)
See photos from their wedding here.
Current Relationship: Is in a relationship with an American citizen, a shaman named Durek Verrett. Durek claims to be able to aid in the recovery from illnesses such as cancer and leukemia, however faces a lot of scrutiny from the Norwegian public, often being called a “conman”.
You can read more about him here.
Read more about their relationship here.
Durek and Martha Louise now hold seminars and workshops in Norway titled “The Princess and the Shaman”, which promise to take attendees “on a self-discovery into wisdoms to reveal to you your divine self activated”.
HH Princess Astrid (b. 1932)
Sister to the King. After the death of their mother died, Astried (then 22) was the senior lady of the court and acted as first lady of Norway for her father.
Like her brother, Astrid married a commoner. They had five children together and he passed away in 2015. You can read about their wedding here.
The Princess still takes on some official duties on behalf of the Royal Family. According to one article I read, she is well-liked by the Norwegian people and considered to be funny, friendly, and unpretentious.
Interesting Fact: One of her godmothers is Queen Elizabeth of England.
Nobels
Like their Swedish counterparts, the Norwegians play a role in the Nobel ceremonies. The Peace Prize is handed out in Oslo in the presence of the monarch, however it is a much more muted affair than the Swedes. No tiaras are at this event ☹
Jewels
The Norwegians have an interesting collection of tiaras at their disposal. Check out their collection here: http://www.thecourtjeweller.com/2016/01/sunday-sparkler-special-norwegian-royal.html
Royal Family v Royal House
The Norwegians have a clear distinction between the two. The Royal House (kongeheset) is the King and Queen, CP Haakon and CP Mette Marit, and their daughter, Ingrid Alexandra.
The Royal Family includes all of the monarch’s children and their spouses, grandchildren, and siblings.
See a photo of the family here: https://images.app.goo.gl/sLb4xJzqreemMyfV6
Have anything to add? Want to add your favorite photo or event? Feel free to do so in the comments :)
submitted by cincbus to RoyalsGossip [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 13:03 Epicliberalman69 T+2 guide for retards

Alright, over the last few days I've seen a number of people confused by what a T+2 is and why are people doing a T+2, well hopefully I'll be be able to give you a rundown of what T+2 trading is.

What Is T+2 Trading?

In short and simple terms T+2 trading allows a trade to occur on the day, and settlement only occurring 2 trading days in the future, for example, I purchase 1613 shares of BRN on the 1/9/20 (Monday) for 0.31 ($500.03), the settlement of the 1613 shares are not due until the 3/9/20 (Wednesday), On the 3/9/20, I need to have the funds available in my CDIA account (The original $500.03) by the end of the trading day or Tom will come and kneecap me. Note, Trading days do not occur on a weekend, so buying shares on a Thursday means the settlement won't be due until Monday.
So, In this short time-frame of 2 trading days, you can effectively leverage the $10,000 T+2 limit TommSec gives you, meaning you could buy up to $10,000 of stonks, sell it within the T+2 time frame and pay out/be payed out the difference. For Example, I purchase 29033 shares of BRN on the 1/9/20 ($9,000.23), this would be settled on the 3/9/20, however, I sell all of my BRN shares the next trading day (2/9/20) for 0.47 a piece, resulting in a gross sale of $13,645, when this happens, the settlement due on the 3/9/20 is nullified, and instead you will be payed out the difference (13,645-9,000.23) of $4,644.77 on the 4/9/20. In reverse, if you bought $9,000 of stock to be settled on the 3/9/20, and it had dropped by 20% ($7200) when you sold on the 2/9/20, you would have to pay the difference of $1800 by the 3/9/20, the original settlement date does not change in the event of a loss. Also to note, TommSex will not Offset a trade made 2 days after the initial trade, this is according to their Client Guide, and I've seen one guy on here whose trades didn't cancel each other out.

Capital Gains Tax and T+2 Trading, together at last

Capital Gains Tax (CGT) and Capital Losses only effect GAINS AND LOSSES THAT YOU INCUR, effectively, if I leverage $9,000 of debt using CommSex for a T+2 trade and end up selling at $15,000 I only pay a tax on the gain of $6,000, not the $15,000, same goes for incurring losses. If you were to sell $9000 of shares to cover the debt you still have to pay tax on the GAIN OF THOSE $9000 OF SHARES (5400 x 1.666... = ~9000, 9,000 - 5,400 = $3,600 Gain) meaning when the ATO releases a T-800 after you and your dog because you didn't pay your Capital Gains Tax you can't claim that you didn't actually earn anything. I shouldn't have to write this, but I've seen this question pop up a few times, please talk to an accountant if you have no fucking clue.

T+2 Trading Sounds like free money

There is no such thing as a free lunch, this is something your dad should have taught you if he wasn't nae naed by a guy driving an AU Falcon. To summarise there's a number of Risks vs Rewards
Rewards
  1. You could make big money
  2. You can effectively increase you exposure to a particular stock far above what you're worth
  3. If everything goes tits up, Tom will personally visit you and recreate the opening intro from Fallout: New Vegas
Risk
  1. You could lose Big money
  2. You will need to set up stop-losses so you don't lose too much
  3. You will always have to pay full CGT, as the discount only applies after holding for 12 months and 1 day
  4. You cannot read the market, this is why the sub was flooded with loss porn on the 11/9/20 (Which in-turn led to the T+2 Questions) because epic nae nae babies thought seeing a continuous 30% rise in a stock constituted as a DD sized bra
  5. You still need cash in the event of a loss
  6. A Trading Halt will really ruin day, as the settlement date will not change
  7. Not paying your debts will lead to $100 charge, your accounts being suspended, your shares being sold, interest on the outstanding amount calculated daily and Tom coming over and fucking you, your wife and your wife's boyfriend.
All in all, I'm just an epic retard so take this shit with a grain of salt, this does not constitute as financial advice and anyone thinking this is financial advice should drink some Aldi lighter fluid tier Whiskey and take a long hard look at themselves in the mirror, the only reason I took the time in writing this was the number of questions asked about T+2 trading, if you have questions I'd suggest directing them to a financial professional. But to conclude, leave T+2 trading to someone who knows what they're doing, I'm just some Space cowboy out here for a ride.
submitted by Epicliberalman69 to ASX_Bets [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 10:28 SucculentPirahnna A certain Kaashiv Infotech.

FYI this is a throwaway account.
Many of you peeps in this sub are aware of the scumbag practices of Byju's and it's subsidiary Whitehack Jr. Even user u/whitehacksr has posted many posts about it.
Today i want to let you guys know about this certain small company i went to, last year for "programming courses" in Tamil Nadu.
The founder "Venkatesan Prabhu" is apparently a 10 time Microsoft MVP winner. Nothing fishy right?
Now i've heard about this MVP(Most Valued Professional) title but his name doesn't show up in the query in the link(i edited the link a bit because this is a selftext post.) (https: mvp.microsoft com/en-us/).
He claims to have worked in Microsoft Australia with his wife but i can't check his background. I don't trust his linkedin profile. His entire family runs this show.
I joined his cramped crowded suffocating office to learn programming languages 2-3 years ago, paid 6k and finished it in a span of 4months. The students who join here are from various other southern states and some from northern states some even from abroad(idk how this dude does his advert).
Search for inplant training and google just plasters his company and his site on the entire first page with a ridiculous amount of mandatory 5 star reviews. Yes they coerce you to type a 5 star review and give a compulsory video review. If you refuse, no certificate for you lol.
You don't sign on any receipt/application form with any rules. Just pay and take a seat and listen to their real time "company policy".
Not only that your review should contain your real name, which college you're from and what courses you've completed in detail.
Even though there are a handful dozen number of "staff" who are assigned to teach you, they're clueless. Doubts.on Machine learning? Virtual function in C++? Entire Java? Well good luck. You'll have to stare at paragraphs of notes on presentation slides in a "custom buggy application" typed by the staff referring some old pile of dated materials or from stack exchange.
The advertised practical learning, learn a language within 30hrs is defenestrated. Did you reach there in time? Well wait for an hour tilk you get drenched in sweat to get a PC.
They'll nag you constantly to register to their website, subscribe to their YT channels, follow their Insta and FB, fees are not refundable and are to be paid on day one ASAP.
The constant buzzwords you hear are "cloud computing, Big Data, A.I" and what not, only to gain very little knowledge by staring at the materials he created which you could've come across online.
Finished learning programming languages? Now copy paste templates and codes to create a working DBMS server and a login page or create a website. How are materials OP? They teach you the ABCs and not the grammar(if you catch my drift) and even the materials have mistakes.
Are you tryna bust your ass into IT companies like infosys? Zoho? TCS? You know all those sweatshops. Well here are these question and answers they'll ask you in your interviews, eat em and puke em.
Venkat has various dubious claims and one of them is that he had hacked Anna University servers and changed the marks for his friends to get outstanding marks back in his day.
He has this advice "to not teach or share whatever you're learning here to your friends, they'll stomp you and never look back" the rest of the alarmist speech you can figure it out.
Now for those who don't get a job, in his words "Come and work here, why should you waste your time when you can be valuable here. I'll give you reasonable pay." If this doesn't stink more than a skunk's fart then idk what else. The staff members working there are the victims of those words.
Majority of the students who join here don't do a background check. Words like "Microsoft MVP", "Award winner", "World record setter" are enough to change this office into a honeypot. Oh he's a lawyer now too.
He even offers internships BUT YOU GOTTA PAY FOR IT lol and that's where most of the crowd comes for, for the internship certificate that they've worked for and paid to a Microsoft MVP who's name doesn't show up in the official website.
This place is just no more than a massive big ass ponzi scheme factory and his staff members just follow him like a cult. His R&D room is literally a kitchen.
I was forced to give a 5 star review after my course got over but immediately changed it when i got out of the office. It got deleted the day later.
Now i got no bad blood with the staff or the head. The staff is friendly but Venkatesan Prabhu is a charismatic douchebag.
Just wanted to put this here after reading about Byju's and saw similarities with the practices but this one is aimed at engineering college graduates. Private companies and institutions like these should rot in purgatory for exploiting students.
Kaashiv Infotech has 6,500-ish Google reviews most of em are 5 stars, their in-site review page has 99k reviews all of em 5stars. Of course.
Here's a 🍪 for reading my wall of text.
submitted by SucculentPirahnna to india [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 04:54 StevenStevens43 From Soloman to Leil

From Soloman to Leil
From Solomon to Leil:
Legendary history:
In this article, i am going to attempt to show just how what we "think" is pseudo-history, and mythology, might actually hold some of the answers we have all being seeking.
I am going to begin with a legendary king from Albany, named Leil.
Leil
Leil was a legendary king of the Britons) as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Brutus Greenshield.
Carlisle:
Now, a rather sensational claim is made, from the get go.
Apparently Leil founded the City of Caerleil fort (modern Carlisle).
Leil
He founded Carlisle, Cumbria (Caerleil: Fort of Leil)
Link for photo
Carlisle
Luguwaljon:
Now, whilst it cannot be confirmed that the City dated as far back as the time of Leil, what we can find out, certainly does not contradict the possibility, that it may.
It was regarded as perhaps Albions most powerful pre-roman cities, and was named "Luguwaljon".
It is thought to have been burned down by the Romans, and replaced.
Ancient history
According to Boethius and John of Fordun, Carlisle existed before the arrival of the Romans in Britain and was one of the strongest British) towns at the time. In the time of the emperor Nero, it was said to have burned down.[10][11] The Roman settlement was named Luguvalium, based on a native name that has been reconstructed as Brittonic *Luguwaljon, "[city] of Luguwalos", a masculine Celtic given name meaning "strength of Lugus".[12]
Link for photo
Roman invasion of Albany
25 years:
Now, Leil supposedly reigned for 25 years, covering the period of Solomon building the temple of Jerusalem, and Silvus Epitus reigning as king of Alba Longa. (Likely translates as king of Italy and Gaul)
Leil
He reigned for twenty-five years until he grew old and feeble. His inactivity sparked a civil war, during which he died. He was succeeded by his son Rud Hud Hudibras.
Geoffrey asserts that Leil reigned at the time when Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem and Silvus Epitus was king of Alba Longa.
Silvus Epitus:
So i am desperate to find out when Silvus Epitus reigned as king of Alba longa.
Between 934-921 BC apparently.
Capetus Silvius
Capetus or Capetus Silvius (said to have reigned 934-921 BC)[1](Latin: Căpĕtŭs Sĭluĭŭs) was a descendant of Aeneas and one of the legendary Latin kings of Alba Longa. He was the son of Capys, and the father of Tiberinus, after whom the Tiber river was named.
Link for photo
Carpetus Liliii
Ollom Fotla:
Now, i am desperate to find out what other rulers ruled during this period.
Well, in Ireland, a high king named Ollom Fotla was the first high king to Install Parliament in Tara.
Ollom Fotla
He is said to have instituted the Feis Temrach or Assembly of Tara. Keating describes the Feis Temrach as an assembly like a parliament, at which the nobles, scholars and military commanders of Ireland gathered on Samhain every three years to pass and renew laws and approve annals and records. The Assembly was preceded and followed by three days of feasting.[2] He also built a structure at Tara called the Múr nOlloman or Scholar's Rampart.
Link for photo
Tara
Solomon:
Now, i will go to this Solomon.
According to Celtic legends, we are looking for an Israelite that reigned sometime around 934 BC- 921 BC.
So let us find out a little bit about this Solomon first.
Solomon
Solomon (/ˈsɒləmən/; Hebrew: שְׁלֹמֹה‎, Shlomoh),[a] also called Jedidiah (Hebrew יְדִידְיָהּ‎ Yedidyah), was, according to the Hebrew Bible, Old Testament,[3] Quran, and Hadiths, a fabulously wealthy and wise king of the United Kingdom of Israel) who succeeded his father, King David.[4] The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are about 970 to 931 BCE, normally given in alignment with the dates of David's reign. He is described as king of the United Monarchy, which broke apart into the northern Kingdom of Israel) and the southern Kingdom of Judah shortly after his death. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone.[5]
Link for photo
Solomon
Ok, so we are looking for someone that was apparently king of Israel.
We are also looking for someone that apparently built quite a few temples, and monuments.
Construction projects
For some years before his death, David was engaged in collecting materials for building a temple in Jerusalem as a permanent home for Yahweh and the Ark of the Covenant. Solomon is described as undertaking the construction of the temple, with the help of an architect, also named Hiram, and other materials, sent from King Hiram of Tyre.
After the completion of the temple, Solomon is described in the biblical narrative as erecting many other buildings of importance in Jerusalem. For 13 years, he was engaged in the building of a royal palace on Ophel (a hilly promontory in central Jerusalem). This complex included buildings referred to as:
Link for photo
Solomons temple
931 BC:
However, the bible gives the latest date of 931 BC, and i can find nothing conclusive to support this.
So let's try and corroborate the dates given by Celtic legends, with known contemporary history, and find out what we can achieve.
Let is begin with a Pharoah that reigned around this period.
Shoshenq I:
Shoshenq I was an Egyptian pharoah, of Libyan descent, that reigned between 943 BC, and 922 BC.
So already it is not looking promising, as he does actually reign during the period stated by the Hebrew bible.
Though it might be looking slightly promising, in that, he does appear to have been mentioned in the bible.
Shoshenq I
Hedjkheperre Setepenre Shoshenq I (Egyptian ššnq, Tamazight : ⵛⵛⵏⵈ cecneq[citation needed], reigned c. 943–922 BC)—also known as Sheshonk or Sheshonq I[note 1]—was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt and the founder of the Twenty-second Dynasty of Egypt. Of Meshwesh ancestry,[2] Shoshenq I was the son of Nimlot A, Great Chief of the Ma, and his wife Tentshepeh A, a daughter of a Great Chief of the Ma herself. He is presumed to be the Shishak mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, and his exploits are carved on the Bubastite Portal at Karnak.
Link for photo
Sphinx of Shoshenq I
Canaan:
Now let us try and find some things which might support Shoshenq I, being king Solomon.
He did have a successful campaign in Canaan, and i think we have pretty much covered in previous threads, that for the best part of ancient Egyptian history, Canaan was an Egyptian vassal state.
So, this likely would make Shoshenq I, king of Canaan.
Chronology
since he may well have lived for up to two to three years after his successful campaign in Canaan
Link for photo
Canaan
Raid on Judah:
Now apparently, the bible attributes Shishaq to invading Judah, and apparently a stele discovered in Tel Megiddo does confirm that in fact this raid was conducted by Shoshenq I.
So, we might be on to something here after-all?
Biblical shishak
According to these passages, Jeroboam fled from Solomon and stayed with Shishaq until Solomon died, and Shishaq invaded Judah, mostly the area of Benjamin, during the fifth year of the reign of Rehoboam, taking with him most of the treasures of the temple built by Solomon. Shoshenq I is generally attributed with the raid on Judah: this is corroborated with a stele discovered at Tel Megiddo.

Judah
Israel:
Now, it does begin to look a lot more promising actually.
Shoshenq I pretty much completely subjugated Israel, with a heavy handed military foreign policy.
Foreign policy
He pursued an aggressive foreign policy in the adjacent territories of the Middle East, towards the end of his reign. This is attested, in part, by the discovery of a statue base bearing his name from the Lebanese city of Byblos, part of a monumental stela from Megiddo) bearing his name, and a list of cities in the region comprising Syria, Philistia, Phoenicia, the Negev, and the Kingdom of Israel), among various topographical lists inscribed on the walls of temples of Amun at al-Hibah and Karnak. The fragment of a stela bearing his cartouche from Megiddo has been interpreted as a monument Shoshenq erected there to commemorate his victory.[19] Some of these conquered cities include ancient Israelite fortresses such as Megiddo, Taanach and Shechem.
Link for photo#/media/File:Kingdoms_of_Israel_and_Judah_map_830.svg)
Kingdom of Israel
Osorkon I, 922 BC - 887 BC:
However, i am not convinced.
I would actually rather look at his son, Osorkon I.
What was Silvius's reign again? Between 934-921 BC apparently.
Osorkon I is 922 BC.
So, sneaks in, and no more.
Osorkon I
Sekhemkheperre Osorkon I was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty. Osorkon's territory included much of the Levant.
The Osorkon Bust found at Byblos is one of the five Byblian royal inscriptions.
Link for photo
Osorkon I
Dates:
And just to confirm those dates.
Biography
The son of Shoshenq I and his chief consort Karomat A, Osorkon I was the second king of ancient Egypt's 22nd Dynasty and ruled around 922 BC – 887 BC.
Temples:
Osorkon I also built many temples, in the lands left to him by his father.
Biography
Osorkon I's reign is known for many temple building projects and was a long and prosperous period of Egypt's History.
Summary:
So, just like Solomon the temple builder that had a Dad named David, that left him Israel.
Osorkon I, the temple builder, also had a Dad named Shoshenq I, that also left him Israel.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 00:24 NordicIceNipples The disappearance of Olle Forsberg August 3rd 2019 Sweden

Tl:dr Olle Forsberg a 80+ year old man went on his daily bike ride and disappeared. Not a single trace of him or his bike has been found.
The date is Saturday August 3rd 2019 in Rentjärn, Near Malå in Sweden.
Olle Forsberg went out at about nine o'clock in the morning for his daily bike ride, The weather was fine and he used to be out cycling for an hour. He would usually cycle for half an hour from home and then turn around and head back. It was part of his daily routine. He wanted to stay active and not sit still all day.
At home his wife Barbro was baking and after an hour she went outside and saw that Olle's bike was not there yet. She became worried and went out on her own bike to look for him. She quickly got help from a neighbor who took his car and also went searching for Olle. Barbro reported Olle missing after they couldn't find him.
Police, mountain rescue, military and Missing People, who gathered hundreds of private individuals, berry pickers, hunters and more have participated in the search, which took place both from the ground and from the air by helicopter and drone and in waters by divers.
One person had seen Olle as he cycled in the direction of the turning point. That observation confirms the police's perception that he took his usual cycling tour.
But still with hundreds of people and professionals looking for him for weeks/months they have yet to find a single trace of him or his bike. The only items Olle had on him when he disappeared was his clothes and a wristwatch.
Mid August the police got 2 suspects. Two men from Ukraine who had come to Sweden to pick berries had murdered a 70 year old man in Markaryd and stolen his car and wallet after their own car broke down. The 70-year old man's body was found in the forest by Danish orienteers on August 10. His feet, wrists and throat had been bound with tape and the body is described as being in rough shape altough no cause of death has been released. They were seen in the area near where Olle disappeared on august 1-2 but they were caught on a camera in Sundsvall which is 430km away at lunchtime on August 3rd the day Olle actually disappeared and thus the police has deemed it impossible for them to be involved, the police put out an international warrant and one man was arrested in Germany on August 20th and the other man was arrested in Poland in december.
With this dead end the Swedish police have no suspects and no traces of Olle or his bike.
It's now well over a year as i am writing this but we still have nothing.
The most popular theory is that Olle was hit by a car and both his body and his bike was taken away without leaving a trace.
This is my first post on this subreddit, i apologize for any mispellings or grammar mistakes as English is not my native language. All this info was in Swedish but i have translated and written it out as best as i could, certain words and sentences maybe a little odd but that's due to directly translating Swedish to English.
Sources: https://www.vk.se/2019-08-05/fortsatt-stor-sokinsats-kring-rentjarn https://www.vk.se/2019-08-20/fortsatt-inga-spar-efter-forsvunnen-80-aring https://www.vk.se/2020-05-08/skulle-stjala-bil-mordade-aldre-man-2 https://www.vk.se/2020-05-23/gatan-med-forsvunne-olle-gar-inte-tidsmassigt-ihop https://www.vk.se/2019-12-23/olles-forsvinnande-har-engagerat-en-hel-bygd https://www.vk.se/2020-08-13/forsvunne-olle-fortfarande-ett-mysterium
submitted by NordicIceNipples to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 21:17 StevenStevens43 Rothechtaid moses family (2)

Rothechtaid moses family (2)
Red shield:
This article is in response to another article i wrote, which i will link to below.
In my last article, i received a reply from someone.
Rothechtaid family
  • FetterJoint wrote
I believe you are, at least, mistaken with the origin of the name „Rothschild“. It does not come from the word „child“, but rather the German „Schild“ meaning „shield“. Rothschild means „red schield“.
Link for photo
Flag of Alba
Rothenschild:
So. Is FetterJoint correct?
Yes, of course he is.
Overview
The name is derived from the German zum rothen Schild (with the old spelling "th"), meaning "at the red shield", in reference to the house where the family lived for many generations (in those days houses were designated not by numbers but by signs displaying different symbols or colours). A red shield can still be seen at the centre of the Rothschild coat of arms.
Link for photo
Rothschild family crest
Red:
Now, let us take on board the information received from FetterJoint, and work out whether or not this strengthens my position, or weakens it.
So let us look at the meanings of "Roth", once again.
Roth obviously has strong connections with the word "red".
I will also only point out the definitions which best support my position.
I will however produce a link, which links directly to the list of definitions, and you can decide yourself if i left anything out which would "contradict" my argument.
But 3, 4, 5 were left out due to irrelevance.
Roth surname)
  1. The spilling of blood from the warrior class of ancient Germanic soldiers;
  2. Ethnic name for an Anglo-Saxon, derived from rot (meaning "red" before the 7th century), referencing red-haired people;
  3. Derivative from roe in the ancient Danish language to signify (of) a king;
7, Of the red colour of clay, as in pottery (German).
Ebraucus:
Now, i aim to attempt to find out where the orgins of Rothechtaids becoming "Red shields", might come from.
And i will begin with a supposed king of Albany (Scotland) from approximately 1060 BC to 1010 BC, named Ebraucus.
Now, according to British legends, Ebraucus founded the village of Eboracum, which later evolved in to the City of York.
I will also just add. It is in fact likely not true that Scotland did not get conquered by the Romans.
As i have revealed in prior threads, there is a natural border between Northern Britain and Southern britain running all the way between the river Humber, just below York, and the Lake district, in the form of rivers and streams that flow out in to the Irish sea.
In British legends, this marked the border between Loegria (England) and Albany (Scotland).
So when the Romans conquered Eboracum, that was likely Albion/Caledionia, and they pushed the border up to Hadrians wall.
Ebraucus
He founded two settlements: Kaerebrauc, the City of Ebraucus (Eboracum), north of the Humber (this later became York,
Link for photo
Constantine the Great in Eboracum
Eboracum:
So, is it true that York derived it's name from Eboracum?
Well, yes. The etymological roots of the word York, is Eboracum.
Origin of the name
The word York (Old Norse: Jórvík) is derived from the Brittonic name Eburākon (Latinised) variously as Eboracum, Eburacum or Eburaci),
Link for photo
Tower of Eboracum
Alclud:
Another sensational claim is that Ebraucus also founded the old Capital of Albany, Alclud, in Strathclyde.
Ebraucus
and Alclud in Albany (now part of Dunbarton, capital of Strathclyde).
Breton:
So what evidence is there to suggest this is true?
Well, in actual fact, contemporary historians and scholars, agree, that the Brythonic language evolved out of the old Albannach speaking kingdom of Alclud, when Alclud became "Breton", the capital of Strathclyde, not long after the Romans left.
Strathclyde
Strathclyde (lit. "Strath of the River Clyde"), originally Cumbric: Ystrad Clud or Alclud (and Strath-Clota in Anglo-Saxon), was one of the early medieval kingdoms of the Britons) in what the Welsh call Hen Ogledd ("the Old North"), the Brythonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England. The kingdom developed during the post-Roman period. It is also known as Alt Clut, a Brittonic term for Dumbarton Castle,[1]
Link for photo
Strathclyde
Town of Maidens:
Apparently, Ebraucus also built the town of Maidens, which was supposed to be an ancient settlement on the castle rock, which is the location of todays Edinburgh castle.
Ebraucus
According to Polydore Vergil he "builded the town of Maidens, now called Edinburgh Castle,
Link for photo
Edinburgh castle
Maidens castle:
So what is the truth in this?
Well, in actual fact, the Edinburgh castle was in fact referred to as the Maidens castle, right up until the 16th Century.
Earliest habitation
The name "Maidens' Castle" (Latin: Castra or Castellum Puellarum) occurs frequently up until the 16th century.[15] It appears in charters of David I (r. 1124–1153) and his successors,[16] although the reason for it is not known. William Camden's survey of Britain, Britannia (1607), records that "the Britans called [it] Castle Myned Agned [winged rock], the Scots, the Maidens Castle
Link for photo
LLUEDDINIAWN Castle
Battle against Gauls:
Now, Ebraucus also fought a battle against Gauls, and slaughtered them, apparently.
Ebraucus
Following the death of his father, Mempricius, he became king and reigned 39 years. According to Geoffrey he was admired, tall, and remarkably strong. He was the first to wage war on the Gauls since the time of Brutus. By pillaging the cities and shores and slaughtering many men
King Maddan:
Now, Embraucus grandfather, just so happened to be King Maddan.
So, more likely Maddans town.
It has already been revealed in a quote earlier, that Embraucus is the son of Mempricius.
Mempricius
Mempricius (Welsh: Membyr) was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Maddan and brother of Malin.
Enna Airdech:
Now, i understand this all might be hard to follow, and might be getting confusing, but you might just have to read things over carefully.
Enna Airgdech was an Irish high king that avenged the death of his father, by killing Oengus Olmucaid.
Enna Airgdech
Énna Airgdech ("rich in silver",[1] also spelled Airgthech, Airgtheach), son of Eochu Mumu, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power after killing the previous incumbent and his father's killer, Óengus Olmucaid,
Oengus Olmucaid:
Oengus Olmucaid, was an Irish high king who was credited with conquering the whole of Albany, aswell as the Orkneys, and probably Germanic parts of Scandinavia (Schleswig)
Oengus Olmucaid
Óengus Olmucaid (or Aengus Olmucada), son of Fíachu Labrainne, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. During the reign of his father, he conquered Scotland. He came to power by killing the incumbent High King, Eochu Mumu, who had killed his father twenty-one years earlier. He fought many battles against the Cruithne), the Fir Bolg, the Fomorians and other peoples of Ireland, the people of the Orkney islands, and even the Longobardi. He was killed by Enna Airgdech, son of Eochu Mumu,
Rothechtaid mac Main 1005 BC until 980 BC:
Now, Rothechtaid mac Main also reigned as high king of Ireland from 1005 BC until 980 BC.
He also killed the person which killed his grand-father, and king of Albany, Oengus Olmucaid.
This would effectively make Rothechtaid mac Main, the King of Albany, and most likely related to Ebracus through Maddan and malin.
Or, Maen, depending upon dialect/
Rothechtaid mac Main
Rothechtaid, son of Maen, son of Óengus Olmucaid, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power by killing the previous incumbent, his grandfather's killer Énna Airgdech, in the battle of Raigne. He ruled for twenty-two years. The Lebor Gabála Érenn gives two versions of his death. In one version, he was killed in single combat in Cruachan by Sétna Airt, who fought to protect his son Fíachu Fínscothach. In the other version, he died of his wounds in Tara.[1] The chronology of Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates his reign to 1005–980 BC,[2]
Silver shields;
In order to win the throne back, Rothechtaid mac Main defeated an army (likely lombards) which used silver shields.
Enna Airgdech
Énna Airgdech ("rich in silver",[1] also spelled Airgthech, Airgtheach), son of Eochu Mumu, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power after killing the previous incumbent and his father's killer, Óengus Olmucaid, in the battle of Carman. He is said to have made silver shields for his nobles in Argatros. He reigned for twenty-seven or twenty-eight years, before being killed by Óengus' grandson Rothechtaid mac Main in the battle of Raigne.[2]
Red hair:
Now that i have hopefully established that Rothechtaid mac Main and Ebraucus are likely the same person. I will now attempt to highlight why "Roth" appears to be synonymous with the word "Red".
Red hair is pretty much synonymous with people from North west europe, and you do not get any farther North West europe, than Ireland and Scotland.
Red hair
Red hair (or ginger hair) occurs naturally in one to two percent of the human population, appearing with greater frequency (two to six percent) among people of Northern or Northwestern European ancestry and lesser frequency in other populations. It is most common in individuals homozygous for a recessive allele) on chromosome 16 that produces an altered version of the MC1R protein.[1]
Link for photo
Red haired warriors chasing the Greeks, in Greece, 340 BC
Queen Tati:
Now, this surprisingly brings me to just before the time of the Hyksos, which likely began when a foreign king named Sheshi, married an Ethiopian queen named Tati, in order to forge a Canaante union with Upper egypt and Canaan, much to the displeasure of the native lower Egyptians, that placed Teti on the execration texts, which were pretty much the Egyptian equivalent of todays terrorist register, minus the voodoo dolls.
Queen Tati)
Tati's seals have been found at Leontopolis) and Abydos. Since her scarabs are of two designs, this has allowed them to be dated to the reign of Sheshi, since the designs correspond to a change that took place during his reign, as evidenced by his hundreds of surviving seals. The most likely explanation for her prominence is that she was the wife of Sheshi.[1]#cite_note-FOOTNOTERyholt199753-1)
The Egyptologist Kim Ryholt suggested that Tati's marriage was probably part of a dynastic alliance between Sheshi and the Kushite rulers of Kerma. This is suggested by the strong relations the Fourteenth Dynasty is known to have had with Kerma, as well as by the names of Tati and her presumed son.[3]#cite_note-FOOTNOTERyholt1997114%E2%80%9315-3) The name Tati is attested in earlier execration texts naming a Kushite queen (spouse of Awaw) as one of the enemies of the pharaoh.
Link for photo#/media/File:Scarab_BM20824_Newberry.png)
Tati painting
Sheshi:
So, it appears, this foreigner got in to the Nile delta, to establish a dynasty known as the Hyksos, by marrying an Ethiopian princess, regarded as a terrorist by Lower egyptians.
Sheshi
Ryholt proposed that Sheshi allied his kingdom with the Kushites in Nubia via a dynastic marriage with the Nubian princess Tati). Ryholt further posits that the son of Sheshi and Tati was Nehesy, whose name means "The Nubian", whom he believes succeeded Sheshi to the throne as the pharaoh Nehesy Aasehre.
Link for photo.jpg)
Sheshi cartouche
Ahmose I:
Of course, as has already been established in previous articles, the descendants of the Sheshi & Tati marraige, would later turn against their foreign roots, and ally themselves only with their Kushite roots, and would expel the foreigners during an uprising in 1549 BC.
Ahmose I
During his reign, Ahmose completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the Nile Delta, restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of Nubia and Canaan.[8]
Link for photo
Ahmose I
Amschel Moses Rothschild:
Now, this brings me to the Roth uprising to internation prominence beginning with Amschel Moses Rothschild.
Overview
The family's ascent to international prominence began in 1744, with the birth of Mayer Amschel Rothschild in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the son of Amschel Moses Rothschild (born circa 1710)
Thutmosis IV:
Now, it just so happens that one of Ahmose I's descendants, was part of a Moses dynasty, which waged war, invaded, and conquered, Mesopotamian lands, which included war upon Aryan kings, and the result was the Indo-Aryan Hittite empire being sent from Southern Asia, and Northern europe, to fight the out of control native egyptians.
However, as the Moseses are actually partially descended from the people they are fighting, they might themselves have certain Northern biological components in their Nubian genes.
For example, Thutmosis IV, had reddish hair !
An African with Reddish hair !!
Buriel
His hair, which is parted in the middle, is about 16 cm (6.3 in) long and dark reddish-brown.
Link for photo
Thutmose IV
Summary:
So does this make the Rothschilds Jewish?
Does it make them related to Moses?
Does it make them Nubians?
No, i do not think so.
It probably just means, Sheshi, probably liked his Haggis.
Also, it probably also means, you do not need to be Jewish to be a Zionist.
Even red haired people may think they have an entitlement to the Egyptian throne, or were somehow wronged by Sheshi's grandchildren!

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 03:19 3375000000 The "End Times", the Bible, and Divine Numbers

Time

We are currently in an important transition period of human history as we finish out the old ways of doing, and being, and usher in a new Era of peace, love, and enlightenment. The Bible contains messages/warnings of these times, in both The Book of Daniel and Revelation.
In this article, we will discuss how we have entered a final set of allotted days, the synchronistic and Divine creation of the Bible, and how it is all based upon Pi.
Daniel and Revelation both discuss certain periods of time which are supposed to take place at the end of the world's age. Daniel mentions periods such as:
Revelation reiterates the relevance of the 1260 days, and refers to it in multiple ways such as by saying "a time, and times, and half a time" (1 + 2 + .5). A "time" is a set of 360 days, and so 360 * 3.5 = 1260. This period is also called the "42 months" because a prophetic month is 30 days, and 42 * 30 = 1260.
Continuing forward, the timeline is confirmed and expanded by the Mayan King K’inich Janaab’ Pakal, ruler of the Maya city-state of Palenque. This king dubbed himself the messenger of the time cycles and left us an important prophecy. The prophecy simply tells us that there will first be a period of 1144 years. Those 1144 years are made up of 22 cycles of 52 years. The first 13 cycles are called Heavens, and the last 9 cycles are called Hells. Then there are another 13 Heavens and 9 Hells, 22 cycles of 360 days totaling 7920 days. Then there are 40 days, then 1260 days, and finally 60 days.
The chosen numbers for the timeline are synchronistic. 360 is 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 and 7920 is 8 * 9 * 10 * 11.
The numbers of the timeline, and the timeline itself, were designed specially so it would coincide with Pi. 360 is one of the "self locating" numbers of Pi, occurring at the end of 360 digits. Another example of this is that if you sum every decimal digit of Pi before the first occurrence of "7920", you get 14159, the first five digits of Pi! It's also interesting to note that 5280, the number of feet in a mile, multiplied by 1.5, is 7920. There are 7920 inches in a furlong, and the diameter of the Earth is approximately 7920 miles.
14159 is the first five decimal digits of Pi, and also the first prime number of it. Multiplying 14159 by 2 gives 28318, a number which has its first appearance in Pi at the end of 12600 digits. The 1260 days of the Bible * 10 equals this number. Then, summing those 12600 digits of Pi equals 56636 which is 14159 * 4!
When searching for a doubled prime number in Pi, 28318 (1667th prime * 2) is the first doubled prime to satisfy the fact that the digits leading up to and including its first occurrence in Pi, sum to a multiple of the prime. This is proven here.

Primer

To study some of the subjects later in this article, we will have to know the basics about some things:
The Bible is made up of 66 books. The Old Testament contains 39 books/929 chapters written in Hebrew. The New Testament contains 27 books/260 chapters written in Greek. There are 31102 verses and 1189 chapters in total.
To investigate certain subjects, we will be using the lexicon in Strong's Bible Concordance. This lexicon takes all of the original Hebrew/Greek root words of the Bible and puts them in alphabetical order. This list was originally published in 1890 by James Strong.
For example, if you take all of the Greek root words of the New Testament and put them in alphabetical order, "Jesus" becomes word #2424. The order was designed in this way because 2424 first appears in Pi at the end of 1111 digits, a very spiritually significant number.

Gematria

Gematria is an alphanumeric code of assigning a numerical value to a name, word or phrase based on its letters. Gematria is technically a Hebrew practice, and Isopsephy is its Greek counterpart. We can use the word "gematria" interchangeably to describe the assignment of numbers to letters, whether they be Hebrew, Greek, or English. The method for calculating the gematria, however, will change between languages.
To tie some of these concepts together, let's examine the Greek word for Jesus:
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous) Ι Iota 10 η Eta 8 σ Sigma 200 ο Omicron 70 υ Upsilon 400 σ Sigma 200 Add the values of each Greek letter for the total of 888 
Triple digit repeating numbers stand out, and cause you to ponder whether they are there by coincidence, or if they have deeper meaning. As Jesus was the focus of the New Testament, Israel was the focus of the Old Testament. The Hebrew word for Israel has a gematria value of 541 which is noteworthy, as it is the 100th prime numbe10th star number, and also occurs in Pi directly next to 2424, the number of Jesus, like so: 2424 541
Examples of different Gematria Ciphers
Date/NumbeGematria Analyzer Multi-tool — download link available here

Making Sense of Numbers

When one analyzes numbers, it is important to keep in mind that any number can mean anything, and that one should use precaution to interpret the best fitting meaning for that number. The number 104 can have multiple meanings:

Numbers of the Bible

The Bible was masterfully crafted so that it would contain numbers relevant to Pi. 262 is a fundamental number of reality as the first 262 decimal digits of Pi, Phi, and e all sum to the same number, 1192. The 262nd prime number is 1667 and the 1667th prime number is 14159, the first 5 decimal digits of Pi. It goes on that the number "1667" first occurs in Pi with a 3 immediately following it as 16673. 262 + 1667 = 1929, and the 1929th prime number is 16673.
262 + 667 = 929, the number of chapters in the Old Testament. The New Testament contains 260 chapters, the same number of days in the Mayan Tzolkʼin cycle.
When you add 929 to 260 you get 1189, a master number of the timeline. This will be explained further:

17

The number 17 seems to somehow represent God, or the Divine. This is why the first Grand Lodge in Freemasonry was founded in 1717. Francis Bacon had a serious impact/involvement in Freemasonry and Rosicrucianism, and the number values for his name using Pythagorean Cipher (now called Full Reduction Gematria) is "Francis" (34) "Bacon" (17) for a total of 51. To add upon this synchronicity, his wife's name "Alice Barnham" also sums to 51, and she was born on 5/14/1592 (Pi is 3.141592). This is also why we have the base named "Area 51", as 51 is 17 * 3, and 17 represents a godlike being. A common theory suggests that this base has had contact with or knowledge of aliens, so the number 51 reflects this, as aliens are considered to be godlike in their advanced consciousness and technological capabilities.
To continue with 17, we also see that the 17th letter of the alphabet is "Q", with "Q" being the name of the godlike and mischievous being in Star Trek. It's also the name of the military intelligence operation which has gained much notoriety, which started on 10/28/2017.
As the Bible contains 1189 chapters, it is important to note that 189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. We also see a synchronicity take place as we raise our awareness to the fact that 189 Jesuit institutions of higher learning exist throughout the world.
From this we see the emergence of a "Pi Code". A hidden way to express a concept based on a number's association with Pi. As for the year of Alice Barnham's birth, 1592 is considered a special number because 7777 first appears in Pi at the end of 1592 digits. We could additionally point out the 51 seen in Alice Barnham's birthday, or how the 5 taken from the month multiplied by the year 1592 = 7960, or 7920 + 40 like from Pakal's timeline.
It is known well that 3.14 is equal to Pi, and such a confounding relationship presents when one observes that if you take the first 314 digits of Pi, they sum to 1392, then 1392 digits of Pi sum to 6251, a number which intersects the numbers appearing at the end of 1717 digits of Pi like so 625189. We also see that 6251 digits of Pi sum to 28318, a number which is well known to be the first five digits of 2Pi.
The whole of the timeline seems to boil down to a 17 in one way or another. The year the 1260 days ends is 2023, which is 7 * 17 * 17.

Divine Construction of the Bible

We have discussed 929, 260, and 1189, as well as 17, 51, and 189, so we will now introduce 294 and 895.
294 occurs directly next to the number 895 in Pi, and these are the first two numbers to occur directly next to each other while summing to 1189. This is why the mode (as in mean/median/mode) for gematria totals in the Bible is 895.
Another important Pi code is 691, which first appears in Pi at the end of 895 digits. The 691st prime is 5189, and 5189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. 51 is 17 * 3 and 8 + 9 = 17. We also see that 17 * 17 is 289, and 289 occurs at the end of 1586 digits, as 691 + 895 = 1586. 1586 digits of Pi sum to 7200, the number of days in the Mayan calendar unit called the "kʼatun".
249 first appears in Pi at the end of 294 digits, and 249 represented in duodecimal is 189. We also see that 51 digits of Pi sum to 249 and 249 digits of Pi sum to 1129, the 189th prime number.
On top of this, we see that the verse with the largest gematria total in the Bible is Luke 6:42, which is the 25189th total verse of the Bible. It was designed in this way because 25189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits.
According to Biblewheel's database of the original Hebrew and Greek text, there are 445797 words in the Bible. If you divide this by the 31102 verses of the Bible, you get 14.333 which is profound because 14333 first appears in Pi at the end of 1700 digits, as 1700 is a very important Pi/Timeline code.
The Bible is made up of sections of 297 or 3 * 3 * 33 chapters. Therefore 1189 is also represented as 297 + 297 + 1 + 297 + 297. The middle chapter of the Bible is Psalm 117, which is also the shortest chapter of the Bible, containing 33 English words.
Chapter #297 is 1 Kings 6:1, which discusses the building of Solomon's Temple. Interestingly, this is even the 8898th verse in the Bible, as 1931 (294th prime) + 6967 (895th prime) = 8898.

261 - 262 - 263

By observing the way that primes sequence next to each other, we see three numbers stand out distinctly in decimal:
Number: 260 Prime #260 is 1657 The sum of these two numbers is 1917 Prime #1917 is 16561 Number: 261 Prime #261 is 1663 The sum of these two numbers is 1924 Prime #1924 is 16633 (matches 1663) Number: 262 Prime #262 is 1667 The sum of these two numbers is 1929 Prime #1929 is 16673 (matches 1667) Number: 263 Prime #263 is 1669 The sum of these two numbers is 1932 Prime #1932 is 16699 (matches 1669) Number: 264 Prime #264 is 1693 The sum of these two numbers is 1957 Prime #1957 is 16979 
Using this formula, a special balancing point takes place in the decimal numbering system in which the numbers 261, 262, and 263 seem to "self-resolve" or revolve back on themselves. The middle number, 262, of these perfect three numbers, is extraordinarily special because its 1667th prime number is 14159, the first five decimal digits of Pi! Another interesting fact to point out is that 260 multiplied by 1.5 is 390, a number which occurs at the end of 1189 digits of Pi.
This fact may clue us in as to why the New Testament has 260 chapters, which is also the number of days in the Tzolkʼin cycle. There are 260 standard numbers before this anomaly occurs. The numbers then run out of range, and this balancing point does not take place again in the sequence of infinite primes.
The sum of divisors for 260 is 588 which is 294 * 2, and the sum of divisors for 261 is 390. Also, 261 digits of Pi sum to 1188. What's most interesting is the fact that the number 262 as well as 263 both hone in on the number 7920 in Pi, the number used for Pakal's timeline.
Prime #262 is 1667, and prime #1667 is 14159. When you sum every digit of Pi before the number 7920, you arrive at 14159. Including the number 7920 in your digit sum test gives you 14177. We see that 14159 is prime #1667 and 14177 is prime #1669, just as these numbers fall right next to each other in the sequence of primes.
It's interesting how 16633 + 16699 = 33332, or how 16633 + 16673 + 16699 = 50005, a nice palindromic number. We also see that 1663 + 1667 + 1669 = 4999, the number which appears by a famous area of Pi called the Feynman point. This area contains the digits 134999999

Timeline Fundamentals

Here is the base timeline which the Bible references with encoded numbers:
In addition to this base timeline, there are some supplementary dates:
222 is an extremely relevant number of the timeline, which can be seen by the fact that 5/31/2017, 7/20/2019, and 2/9/2023, are all day 222 of the Tzolkʼin cycle (meaning these dates are all a multiple of 260 days apart). It's also interesting to point out that the 222nd prime number is 1399, and 1399 days after 11/12/1997 is 9/11/2001. 9/10/2001 was actually the last day of Coptic year 1717. We spoke of 294 above, which first occurs in Pi like this: 2294 895. 2294 - 895 = 1399.
From 12/21/2012 to 4/25/2023 is 3777 days, which can also be represented as 1399 + 1189 + 1189.
As 4/25/2023 is also considered to be the completion of a final 1189 day period, the midle day (595th day) of that final 1189 day period is 9/7/2021, day 222 of the Tzolkʼin, and also the first day of Hebrew Civil Year 5782.
Let's work in the numbers 691, 895, and 5189 again now that we have a basic understanding of the timeline. 5189 - 895 = 4294, and of course we see that the number 294 has been revealed from this simple calculation, but there is two ways in which 4294 relates to the timeline:
We see that this type of alignment causes an almost undeniable "synchronicity" to take place. This is because 9/11/2001 takes place 1 day forward from the last day of Coptic Year 1717, and because 4/11/2020 also takes place 1 day forward in a similar way:
Back to the number 1399: We also see that 1399 backwards is 9931, and 9931 first appears in Pi at the end of 22222 digits. 9931 is the 1225th prime like 12/25 for Christmas. The importance of the number 222 is seen in pop culture, such as in 222 Records by Adam Levine, who founded his company on 2/9/2012, a date which seems to closely resemble 2/9/2023.
9/11/2001 is an example of a date which is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible, or by King Pakal, but is a date which is closely aligned with other timeline dates nonetheless. For example, 9 * 9 * 9 * 9 or 6561 days after 9/11/2001 is 8/29/2019, the start of the 1260 days. Terminator 2: Judgment Day, names the date 8/29/1997 as “Judgment Day”, a day in which nuclear destruction occurs in the movie. This date is 22 years before the actual 1260 day period.
9/23/2017 is a date which is commonly believed to be the fulfillment of the prophecy mentioned in Revelation 12. This is interesting as 222 first appears in Pi at the end of 1737 digits, and because 12/21/2012 + 1737 days = 9/23/2017.
One last attribute of the number 222 which I will mention is that the first 222 digits of Pi sum to 1005, and 7/24/2020 + 1005 days = 4/25/2023.
Another important date of the timeline is 5/14/1948, the founding of Israel. Three examples of how this date relates to the timeline:

Pi / Timeline Codes (abridged)

666 is the "number of the beast", the number which is mentioned in Revelation 13:18. This is a number which points us to multiple timeline dates. 666 first appears in Pi at the end of 2442 digits. 2442 is 1221 * 2:
12/21/2012 + 2442 days = 8/29/2019, the start of 1260 days
We also see that 666 digits of Pi sum to 2961:
12/21/2012 + 2961 days = 1/29/2021, the completion of a 1189 day period which started on 10/28/2017 (Q start date).

Biblical Code Confirmation

One way we can verify the timeline is by looking deeper into the Bible verses themselves. For example:
Daniel 12:12 (KJV) Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
In this verse, the word for "waiteth" is Hebrew word #2442. As a reminder, 12/21/2012 + 2442 days = 8/29/2019, the start of the 1260 / 1290 / 1335 days. We now see that 2442 and 1335 are complimentary numbers, and that 2442 + 1335 = 3777.
The relationship between 2442 and 1335 is seen in other sections of the Bible as well. See these two verses:
Matthew 24:42 (KJV) Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
Mark 13:35 (KJV) Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning:
The verses mirror each other almost exactly and reiterate to us the fact that 2442 and 1335 are complimentary numbers of the timeline. We also see that Matthew 24:42 is the 24000th total verse of the Bible. With this verse placed at an even 1000 verses, it lends credibility to the idea that this was a "planned synchronicity" rather than just a coincidence. Daniel's verse was the 22094th total verse, showing the number 2294, which first occurs next to 895 in Pi.
I try to refrain from giving too much information at once, but most of the Bible is strongly based off of Pi. Even the important names are usually created from Pi. The word "Moses" is H4872 because the number "487" first appears in Pi with a 2 after it like so: 4872. We see that from the start of Daniel's 70 weeks to the 1260 days is 487: 4/29/2018 -> 8/29/2019 = 487 days ... Then a connection occurs as 4872 digits of Pi sum to 22094.
For additional confirmation, we see that the number 829 (representative of 8/29/2019) first appears in Pi like so 829 2540. Greek word #2540 means "time", and is first used in this verse:
Matthew 8:29 (1611 Authorized Version) — And behold, they cryed out, ſaying, What haue we to doe with thee, Ieſus thou ſonne of God? Art thou come hither to torment vs befor yͤ time? Verse #23375 (Ch. #937) — 18 words, 80 letters — Total = 7147
The importance of this verse is confirmed by the fact that it is the first verse in the New Testament of the 1611 KJV to use the special word abbreviation "yͤ" which stands for "the". We also see the number 3375 in the total verse number, which is 15 cubed, and the sum of every digit of Pi before the "Feynman Point" (999999).
We then see that Greek word #2540 is the same word used for "time" in this verse of Revelation which mentions the 1260 days:
Revelation 12:14 (KJV) — And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. Verse #30906 (Ch. #1179) — 32 words, 153 letters — Total = 17897
This verse contains a very important code which relates to the 1260 days. The 1260 days are mentioned 7 times in the Bible, twice in Daniel, and five times in Revelation. Revelation 12:14 is the only verse in Revelation that uses the term "time, and times, and half a time" to refer to the 1260 days. This causes the verse to stand out. The term "great eagle" is used only three times in the Bible, with this verse being the last occurrence, and Ezekiel 17:3 being the first occurrence. This rare phrase links Ezekiel 17:3 and Revelation 12:14 together. Ezekiel 17:3 also stands out significantly because it is the only verse in the original 1611 King James Bible to use the apostrophe (') punctuation character.
Ezekiel 17:3 is verse #20829, another code for 8/29/2019. If you move up 1000 verses, you arrive at verse #21829, which is Daniel 3:21, the only verse in the Bible to use Hebrew word #6361, as 6361 is the 829th prime number. If you then move up another 130 verses, you arrive at verse #21959 which is the first of two verses in Daniel which mentions the 1260 days. Move up 130 more verses and you arrive at verse #22089, the second of two verses of Daniel mentioning the 1260 days.
In total you have moved up 1260 verses from Ezekiel 17:3 to arrive at the last mention of the 1260 days in Daniel. 173 is also an interesting number as it is the 40th prime, and the 40 day period ends on 8/29/2019.

Pi / Timeline Codes (continued)

We have stated the significance of 1667. It first appears in Pi at the end of 10499 digits:
We then see that:
10/28/2017 is the start of a 1189 day period, and this particular period can be broken up into 895 + 294 days:
1000 days after 10/28/2017 is 7/24/2020. We have already noted that 189 days + 7/24/2020 = 1/29/2021. 189 digits of Pi sum to 843.
Many numbers have dual/multiple meanings. For example, the Bible mentions the number 12000 numerous times (Revelation says that 12000 are sealed from each tribe) because 7140 first appears in Pi at the end of 12000 digits. This relates to the timeline as such:
As 5/31/2017 is known for being the start of 2300 sacrifices, another relevant Pi Code is seen by the fact that Hebrew word #1818 means "blood". 1818 first appears in Pi at the end of 1575 digits, and those 1575 digits of Pi sum to 7140. Blood is shed when a sacrifice occurs.
It's interesting that 5/31/2017 is 780 or 260 * 3 days from 7/20/2019. Adding 780 days to 11/12/1997 brings you to 1/1/2000, the start of the new millennium. Other interesting alignments exist in the timeline as 9/30/2019 (First day of Hebrew Civil Year 5780) + 1189 days = 1/1/2023.
7/26/2020 is a date encoded into the Bible as the "Harvest", and is often seen as the start date for the age of Aquarius. There are 2184 days in one degree (1/360th) of each 2152 year Zodiac age. 2184 is an interesting number because 2184 digits of Pi sum to 10000. We then see that:
11/12/1997 + 1740 + 2184 + 2184 + 2184 days = 7/26/2020
This was a highly planned synchronicity for 2184 to be the number of days in a degree because 2184 first appears in Pi at the end of 1740 digits. There are 2184 * 360 or 786240 days in a Zodiac age and 786240 * 12 or 9434880 days in the complete 25831 year Zodiac Time cycle. From this we see another planned synchronicity as 2184 + 1740 = 3924, and 3924 digits of Pi sum to 17916. 10/24/1948 -> 11/12/1997 = 17916 days and 10/24/1948 -> 7/26/2020 = 26208 days, as 26208 * 360 = 9434880.
We then see that 3924 first appears in Pi at the end of 7473 digits, and adding 7473 days to the start of the 7920 days gives you the date 4/29/2018, which is the start of the 70 weeks of Daniel.
An important aspect of the time code is that certain numbers can be generated by summing digits consecutively like so: 104 digits of Pi sum to 492 ... 492 digits of Pi sum to 2184 ... 2184 digits of Pi sum to 10000
We see the Mayan Long count for 5/31/2017 is 13.0.4.9.2, and how the start of the 1150 days, and the start of the 70 weeks are spaced 333 days apart.
12/21/2012 is a very important timeline date, and it is interesting to note that the second occurrence of 1221 appears in Pi like so 5519 1221. This is also the second occurrence of 5519 in Pi. The number 5519 is the 729th prime number, or the 9 * 9 * 9th prime number. 12/21/2012 is the 5519th day of the 7920 days!
While we're at it, we should show why Daniel split up his 70 weeks into 7 weeks + 62 weeks + 1 week. The first 69 weeks equal 483 days, a very special number of Pi, because 483 is the three digit number which takes the longest to have its first occurrence in Pi. This means that every other 3 digit number has at least one occurrence in Pi before the first occurrence of 483. 483 first occurs in Pi at the end of 8555 digits.
6716 is the four digit number which takes the longest to see its first occurrence in Pi.
Daniel mentions the significance of the middle day (4th day) of the final week of the 70 weeks, and says that a sacrifice ceases on this day. That day which is singled out is 8/28/2019, the first day of the Tzolkʼin cycle.
On top of this, we see that from the start of the 70 weeks to the start of the 1260 days is 487 days. 487 is a special number because it first appears in Pi like this 216829 989487 2 2658
The Pi code was designed to be very synchronistic with the given timeline. An example of this is how we see 216 and 829 besides each other in Pi above. This could be interpreted to mean:
6 * 6 * 6 or 216 days after 8/29/2019 = 4/1/2020 (start of 10 day period in Revelation)
The Pi code is special because you could also interpret this to mean 6829 days after 4/1/2020, which is 12/12/2038 (13.1.6.6.7)
The total length of time from 11/12/1997 to 4/25/2023 is 9295 days. 9295 first appears in Pi at the end of 7715 digits like so: 2402 9295. This is relevant because 2402 days after 12/21/2012 is 7/20/2019, completion of the 7920 days.
This is also what seems to make 691 such a deep number. 691 first appears in Pi at the end of 895 digits 1776 691. Its second occurrence is like this 7715 691
7/26/2020 is also considered as the middle day of a 1189 day period, which would make the completion of this period 3/13/2022, 8887 days after 11/12/1997. 3/13/2022 - 895 days = 9/30/2019, Hebrew date: 7/1/5780. 7/26/2020 is also the 117th day of a period which begins on 4/1/2020, just as Psalm 117 is the middle and 595th chapter of the Bible.
The 1000th prime number is 7919, one less than 7920, the number we studied above. 7919 * 2 = 15838, and 15838 digits of Pi sum to 71214.
7/26/2020 has the long count 13.0.7.12.14
12/21/2012 -> 5/7/2016 = 1233 days. This is a special date because we see that the number 1233 occurs for the first time in Pi like so: 2774 7 1233 88 1740 with 1233 at the end of 22470 digits... This is significant because 12/21/2012 + 2774 days = 7/26/2020
Then, we see that the long count for 5/7/2016 is 13.0.3.7.13, which is special because 3713 first appears in Pi at the end of 1929 digits!
Finally, 5/7/2016 -> 7/26/2020 = 1541 days, and 1541 first appears in Pi at the end of 5280 digits, directly next to the first occurrence of the number 3418. This is a special alignment, as we see that the actual digits 5280 first appear in Pi at the end of 3418 digits.
Prime #1541 is 12941 (294 seen) and 1541 digits of Pi sum to 6967 (the 895th prime number)
There is seemingly no limit to the vast synchronicity of this timeline. As 4/25/2023 is the completion of the 1335 days, we see that 1003 first appears in Pi at the end of 12294 digits, like so: 1003 1541
Remember that 4/15/2014 is the first blood moon of a tetrad, and is also the middle day or 595th day of a 1189 day period. We see that 595 first appears in Pi at the end of 415 digits.
To relate 6/29/2016 to Pi again, we see how 552 first appears in Pi at the end of 1665 digits
12/26/2014 is an ultimate timeline date.
This is why the famous word "giraffe" is loved by occultists, as the numbers of it show as:
g i r a f f e 7 9 18 1 6 6 5 
7/17/2019 is both the 7918th day of one period of time and the 1665th day of another.

Other Timeline Dates

Another one of the very significant dates of the timeline is 7/17/2019. This date is symbolic of the crucifixion of Jesus, as he arose 3 days later, and 7/20/2019 then marks the completion of the 7920 day period.
Matthew 20:19 (KJV) — And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again. Verse #23812 (Ch. #949) — 17 words, 98 letters — Total = 10425
We have mentioned above that 7/20/2019 takes place 25999 days after the founding of Israel, which is interesting as the 25999th verse of the Bible is:
Luke 24:7 (KJV) — Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. Verse #25999 (Ch. #997) — 19 words, 107 letters — Total = 13766
We have mentioned above the significance of the number 262. A similar number to this is 232. The 232nd prime number is 1459, and 232 + 459 = 691. 232 first appears in Pi like so 627 232 7917 8608. This is interesting because:
7/17/2019 is a very synchronistic and relevant date for multiple reasons. First, the diameter of Earth is sometimes stated as 7917 miles, or is rounded up to 7920 miles, depending on the source. Also, the 717 in 7/17/2019 is a representation for 1717. We have already stated that 189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. This date is special because if you add 189 days to it, you arrive to 1/22/2020, the start of a 1189 day period. The middle day/595th day of this section is 9/7/2021 which is the 222nd day of the Tzolkʼin cycle, and the first day of Hebrew Civil Year 5782.
submitted by 3375000000 to LightWarriorAscension [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 04:11 Wright-Now [PubQ]I am Seeking a Query Critique

I completely revamped my critique letter, and this is my first attempt at a critique:
Lt David Jensen finds himself and his platoon abandoned and stranded in Honduras with no food, no shelter, no transportation, and no way to get home after completing a mission. He must rely on every trick in the book and use enterprising methods to get his people back home by begging, borrowing, and stealing everything up to and including airplanes.
The story begins with an unlikely sequence of events that culminates in the assignment of LT David Jensen to a combat-heavy engineer battalion in the fall of 1983 right before the battalion receives an alert to deploy. As events unfold, an antagonistic relationship develops between Jensen and his fellow company officers over petty jealousy. As a result, he is left out of crucial deployment planning briefings.
He must rely on his instincts and wits to discover the truth and start deployment preparations. Once deployed, when he is stricken with a mysterious malady and lays in a coma for 6 days, his company and battalion do not even inform his wife he is sick. Later, when the battalion deploys back to the United States, they leave Jensen and his platoon of thirteen soldiers behind to perform port clearing duties. They tell the lieutenant that transportation has been arranged via the Freedom Flight to Panama on a certain date at a certain time.
The men arrive at the arranged time and place only to find nothing has been arranged. It is then that the resourceful soldiers formulate a plan to get food, shelter, and transportation back to the States with no money and no orders by begging, borrowing, and stealing. While en-route, they are almost arrested for breaking and entering. When Jensen finally arrives back home with his men, he is hounded by bureaucrats from Washington while facing mounting headaches at home.
Once Upon a Springtime Folly is at times humorous military fiction based on fact set in 1983 -1984 during the Reagan Administration. It contains approximately 80,000 words.
I welcome all feedback. Thank you so much for taking a look. WM
submitted by Wright-Now to PubTips [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 21:10 seven_N_A7 Everyday info sec, hardcore info sec, and DNMs

Edit: Since first post I have updated a few sections with additional information.
I recommend reading it all even if it is very long, I might have placed some relevant info in different sections while thinking about what else needed to be added, plenty of steps remains mostly the same except when I comment directly on it. It is not necessary to do 100% security all the time, unless you absolutely need it, combining some high and some lower security ideas for a balance of security and convenience is useful.
I will base this mostly on Windows, Linux users probably know this, and I have no idea how apple machines work (tho many things in here are still relevant for other operating systems, as they are just general tips)
Disclaimer: There are certainly other steps that can make you more anonymous or safer, however I think for most people this will surfice. Any software I recommend should be independently verified for security, and examples of software are not to be taken as endorsements. I simply use examples and give recommendations when I believe it necessary, or helpful.
I will not really differentiate between anonymity and security, they are often the same thing. As such the word security can mean either more anonymous, less vulnerable, or both.
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Everyday Simple Info Sec:
-There could be a hidden administrator user on your PC, make sure to change its password
(Snapchat msgs, reddit dms, discord msgs, are just a few examples of msgs that are never encrypted)
-Any info even send in encrypted msgs (and obviously non encrypted) should still be kept with possible deniability, don't say "I'm gonna do MDMA", say "I'm going out with molly."
-DO NOT STORE ANY PASSWORDS ON GOOGLE, IF GOOGLE LOGIN IS AUTHENTICATED IT WILL AUTFILL ALL PASSWORDS IT HAS SAVED (same with other similar services) (This means if you are logged in to chrome and someone has access to your machine, they can auto fill passwords without entering a single password)
-use a rememberable passphrase, especially for your master key ring aka password manager A long sentence that is memorable makes an okay password (decent example,: "I met my wife at Little Ceasers for the first time on 07/09/20" better even if it's just something you know, if its impersonal, and if you can add special characters or numbers that you won't forget) (A better example for a passphrase is: "There is 0nly 0ne letter that d0esn’t appear in any U.S. state nameQ")
-Purge your internet activity frequently, there's a reason why I only have one post, and a few comments appearing in my account, but thousands of kama. Exposing information needlessly is not good.
-Never post private information publicly, and if you do, do it vaguely as possible. (Example: Not "I'm 15", say "I'm a teenager") Do not post any vital information ever, no birthdays, mother's maiden name, age, or anything you have ever seen in a security question. Never post your current activities while they are ongoing. You going on a vacation? Don't announce it to the world, taking picture there? Post them when you are home.
-Rethink how you do security questions. Many answers to security questions can be found in your internet history. One could use the first word of the security question as an answer, or a different sceme that will mean you always remember it. (Security question need to go, the amount of personal info an average person puts on the internet makes it easy to attack anything using security question)
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High level crimimal information security:
The motto here is, "All the Security, All the Time" As one fuck up can end with you leaving a lick of traceability, and you could be fucked.
Pre Note: All of your software should always be up to date. Also even perfect info sec does not guarantee you are completely safe, a new zero day (exploit) can still fuck you, but good info security makes you significantly safer, by eliminating as many attacks as possible.
-Get a new device (or make a already owned device seem like you never owned it, do this only if you know how to, there's a lot of stuff that goes into that, like changing your mac adress etc) buy with cash, and your face covered, preferably far away from where you live. (Do I need to specify to not bring your phone or anything else that tracks your location to anywhere you want to go anonymously?) (Be aware that even hardware can have vulnerabilities, many cpus have known vulnerabilities, I can't list them all, do some research before buying)
-If you know how to use Tails (A linux distro designed for Info sec) use that, preferably on a USB. (Or learn how to use tails, its better, but complicated) Otherwise a clean copy of windows (make sure its not in any way associated with you) can do the job too, tho not as well. (Using a VM might give extra security, since VMs usually erase all data and RAM they were using on shutdown)
-Get a non tracking VPN, Enable the kill switch (a setting that disables all traffic that doesn't go through the VPN) (change your firewall settings to only allow the traffic from the VPN, windows guide (Change settings so only traffic from the tor application is send) Edit: (Due to complaints: do not use vpn over tor, use tor over vpn. tor over vpn has no notable downside, if the VPN logs it makes no difference, your ISP will always log anyways, and vpns remove other attack vectors and also provide backup security should tor fail. Again even if the VPN tracks you only change the people doing the tracking, but now you are further removed making it more anonymous and also with less vulnerabilities)
-rember privacy settings, cookie cleaner, and antivirus, password (There could be a hidden administrator user on your PC, make sure to change its password)
-Always use the device on a non admin account
-Ideally use this device only on networks that are not connected with you. Such as public networks (try to never use the same public networks twice, move around) (a home network should be fine now, as it should never be exposed, but more security is always better) (Its just a conveniences vs security trade)
-Never use accounts that have been exposed to lower security on higher security machines
-your browser is now TOR (or your preferred security focused browser, if you dont plan on using onion ) Make sure you get the standalone version of tor not the addon build (the standalone is safer, because there are less settings and options to tweak)
-Change your tor settings, to safest mode, enable a bridge (to my knowledge there's no difference in security between the build in bridges in tor), enable automatic updates, set duckduckgo onion as your primary browser. Set dark.fail onion page as your home page. (Or your preferred privacy search engine and onion directory)
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How to use dark net markets (DNMs)
If you finished your High Security setup, we can dive right in. Otherwise go do that. This is where all that is essential.
Quick info on Tor, and onion sites. There is no search engine. It's all based of directories and addresses you are given by others. Tor will likely not be very quick, it has to pass through multiple networks to get to the destination. DNMs sometimes exit scam, an exit scam is when a market shuts down completely and takes all the money, this is a risk when using DNMs, it's not too common but happens maybe 0-4 times a year. The admins of thoese servers need to get out at some point, before they get jailed, so they exit the game, and scam everyone out of their money.
-A very useful onion directory is dark.fail it has a lot of links, for all kinds of stuff. News, email, DNMs, Psychonautwiki (harm reduction website), forums etc. (Other directories also exist)
-Pick a market, preferably one that handles secure connection server side instead of requiring you to establish the secure connection. Then create an account. Your account once created should include an entry box in your profile for a pgp key, post your PUBLIC key in there. (Verify the link is not a scam, most markets should provide a pgp signature)
-Next is currency setup. All major cryptocurrency exchangers can be used, I can recommend coin base but there could be better ones out there. Unless you find a small non U.S., exchange, they will always ask for your identity. So unless you can find a trustworthy exchange that doesn't ID, you will need to give it to them. (Side note, all major crypto exchangers report to the IRS, if the IRS asks you if you bought cryptocurrency and you bought while having IDed yourself SAY YES, DO NOT COMMIT TAX FRAUD WHEN THEY KNOW YOU DID)
-Transfer (monero you can send directly, btc you should scramble) to your wallet. There are two options a cold wallet (physical) or a software wallet. Software wallets usually dont cost anything so I recommend them, even if often less safe. Electrum is easy to use, and pretty safe. You can also do your own research and find a wallet that fits your needs.
-now you are ready to buy, only buy using escrow (it means the money is held by the market as a middle man until the product is delivered, they will also handle any issues like wrong quantity, cuts, etc), judge the reviews for a product, and if available look at the history of the vendor, until you find a product from a vendor you trust. (I recommend to buy within your country as much as possible, so it doesn't go through customs, it's very rare that something is found, but it can happen)
-now you get to buy, depending on market, you either have cryptocurrency stored in their wallets (not recommend, you will lose it in an exit scam) or you can send it every order. When you send your delivery adress (or the one you want it to go to) encrypt the adress using the sellers public key. Make sure the adress is correct.
-wait for the product, make sure to extend the escrow until the product arrives, if you can't extend it anymore dispute the order, and a moderator will step in
-test the product, use it, and leave a review. PLEASE LEAVE A REVIEW, DNMs only work because of reviews.
Edit: Didn't imagine I would write over 15000 words. Oh well, it was fun. Hope it helps, if you have any questions feel free to ask.
No idea how long this will stay up, I might purge it in 7 days, or never.
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2020.09.11 10:13 RebornInLife Prophecies of Credo Mutwa

Prophecies of Credo Mutwa
Vusamazulu Credo Mutwa /ˈkreɪdoʊ ˈmʊtwə/ (21 July 1921 – 25 March 2020) was a Zulu sangoma (traditional healer) and conspiracy researcher from South Africa. He was known as an author of books that draw upon African mythology, traditional Zulu folklore, extraterrestrial encounters and his own personal encounters. His last work was a graphic novel called the Tree of Life Trilogy based on his writings of his most famous book, Indaba my Children. In 2018 he was honoured with an USIBA award presented by the South African Department of Arts and Culture, for his work in Indigenous Wisdom.
Credo called himself a sanusi (common spelling isanuse) which is a type of Zulu diviner or sangoma. The term stems from a more historic time and is not widely used today, even in a traditional setting.
A Sanusi is a Zulu high shaman, initiated into the secrets taken underground in the time of the colonists to be kept from idiots, greedy humans and the ignorant.
https://preview.redd.it/sy0zndvg7hm51.png?width=399&format=png&auto=webp&s=dc7f19865dc621bb38e6cf50eb25c674355b26e0
Some of his more direct prophesying can be seen here.
Ntate Mutwa (92) spoke at the weekend to the People's Paper in his village of Majakaneng outside Kuruman, Northern Cape. He would not give details of the evil spirit gripping the country. But he said black people were being paid to kill one another.
And these forces didn't want Africa to prosper.
Mutwa refused to predict the results of next year's general election - or what the future holds for Mzansi. But he said the forces dividing black people made him fear for his life. They killed his first wife and torment him to this day.
They also wanted to kill his beloved wife Virginia, he said. The ailing seer is known internationally for his prophecies. He warned Hendrik Verwoerd, father of apartheid, that he would be assassinated. And he foretold HIV/Aids and the 9/11 attacks on the US as well as the assassinations of Chris Hani and US president John F Kennedy.
But Mutwa said he was retiring from prophesy as people had taken advantage of him. "My heart is too angry. I don't want to talk any more. It doesn't help. Some people take me for a joke! If I were to open my chest the country would be shocked. But as I said, I'm deeply hurt by how I have been treated," said the unhappy prophet.
He said his wife rescued him twice from death. "You should have let me die," he told her. "Next time they come for me, don't rescue me. I'm tired. In South Africa when you speak the truth, you are killed," he said wearily.
Mutwa still has a burning desire to prophesy, and it pains him to fall silent. But his wife fears for his life.

Credo with the Neklace of the Mysteries
One thing our people know is that dreams with a really serious message behind them have a very strange characteristic: they are almost always in brilliant color, and they come just before the dawn is about to break. You dream them then you wake up and forget them; and then later in the day something happens, and you suddenly say, “This is what I dreamt last night.” This has happened to me and my family members many times. Also, dreams that occur two or three times during the course of the night are dreams that have something behind them.
We believe that the human being has three souls if one is a female and two souls if one is a male. One of the souls, carrying the essence of you, can go into tomorrow, or the next month, or far away, and actually experiences things before your physical body does, This is what we believe in Africa.
The Great African Prophets.- A slight introduction.
One was Nsikane, the great prophet of what is today Transkei, who foresaw not only the coming of the white people, but also the coming of Christianity to South Africa. He also foresaw things like the telephone. He said that one day people would communicate to each other through a wire such as the wives of the chief wear around their necks for an ornament. He foresaw the coming of planes. He said that birds made out of steel would fly from land to land. Even more astonishing he foresaw television. He said that one day men will sit and look at and talk with an image of a man who had died many generations ago.
*Remember, African history/stories/legacies and prophecies are well documented within the tribes. Whereas the Egyptians had papyrus and the Incas stone, African knowledge is passed down through stories and vivid tales from generation to generation, father to son, witchdoctor to witchdoctor, Thus, these prophecies would have been well known amongst the tribes and especially by highly trained witchdoctors such as the author himself. It is their duty.*
Forbidden knowledge, Dark Skies and Underground Bunkers.
There was a great prophet named Pindamulili of the Backioko nation of Angola. Pindamulili foretold the pollution of the world. He said that a thousand years after his death, men would practice what is called forbidden knowledge, and as a result of this forbidden knowledge, the skies would become dark, the vegetation die, the animals vanish, leaving only a few survivors. And the people, out of fear and shame for what they have had done, would tunnel into the underground regions of the Earth and there build their cities and villages as refugees from the terrible catastrophe they caused on the surface of the earth.
The prophecy says that a beautiful girl shall appear who will be accompanied by a gryphon, a creature half-lion and half- eagle. This girl shall make use of an iron god to build a city in the centre of Africa, where she shall keep the last remaining wild animals, the few surviving domestic animals, and the few surviving people, by that time there will be no rivers in Africa at all, but a huge desert where nothing lives.
*I find the above prophecy especially interesting. Especially because our scientists have for years played with the power of the sun and now most recently, delved into the forces of creation itself. Something’s gotta give at some point. Also of importance is the Japan disaster, with nobody really sure how much radioactive waste spilled into the sea and what effect all of this radioactive pollution will have on the rest of the world’s oceans. And lastly, as we all know, almost every major country is spending big bucks on bunkers throughout the world.*
… and I say that urgent steps must be taken now by all people throughout the world to avoid what is coming. Because this conflict in which I and many other seers have shown, nuclear devices will not used as much as bombs carrying diseases; and this will be the most horrible thing the world has ever seen. It must be stopped now.
”The Red Savior” - America’s 1st Female President (Prophecy made in 1987)
In the near future you are going to get a very big surprise in the United States, because a new leader will appear there which will surprise you very, very much. This leader will have the distinction of being the last male President of the United States, because after him there shall rule a flower in the land of the West. In other words a woman shall rule the US after that president. The man who is going to rule before the coming of the great woman will suffer a serious illness or injury towards the ending of his term.
All African Prophets say that a woman will sit as chieftain over the great nation of the West – which is America. What we know is that one of the women will reverse many things that is at present destabilizing the American nation. This woman will really be like a new broom, sweeping clean all that which is not good, and she shall bring the American nation to new heights of greatness.
We are going to see a great spiritual revival in the world, and it will be led by two people. A man in India, and a woman in the United States. There in the US, sometime in the year 2000- something, the United States will have a woman president, who is already alive today as a young girl, and she will be a former actress from Hollywood. She will rule America, a greater America which will be a combination of Canada, United States, Mexico, and other central American countries. But the forests of the Amazon will be eaten more and more, for the next six years. And then this woman president will make a very strong law which the world will follow, that no more will be cut down. She, this red woman – she will have reddish hair, or coppery hair- was also prophesized by other prophets in Southern Africa, many years ago. She is going to be called “ The Red Savior.” She is one of the four great people, one yellow, one black, one white, who will save the world in the very near future.
*Why does that remind me of the four horsemen?*
Israel and Objects in the Sky
I have predicted that very, very soon the nation of Israel, which is in the process of losing the battle for it’s survival against the Arab nations around it, will come to some kind of agreement with the more moderate nations to form a loose federation of states in the Middle east. (Prophecy was made in 1989 – Ed.) In the year 1998 there will come to power briefly a ruler in the region of India and this ruler will be assassinated and it is this assassination which will cause a short, sharp conflict between East and West in the year 1999. The conflict will last less than 72 hours but it could destroy many millions of people. It will be concentrated not so much in Eorope as in the Mioddle East and in the areas around about Greece, (the former) Yugoslavia and thereabouts, and I foresee that this conflict will be brought to a sudden halt by an event that will take place high in the sky. Something will fall out of the sky which will make people so afraid that war will stop immediately. I don’t know what will happen here but I do know that all of the major nations of the world will be involved in it. At the end of the conflict several nations in North and South America, which at present are not united, will merge into one super nation to try and counter the Eastern nations, but after that there will be a period of about 30 years of complete peace on Earth, before another conflict takes place, but by this time between people settled on the moon and people on the earth.
*This is also a very interesting find. The one thing that I have noticed about his predictions is he was a bit optimistic about the dates. He thought that great advances would have been made in the next 8 years, yet none close to what he thought. Thus, with regards to the above section and the sky event I think that this has yet to come and did not take place in 1996 as he had predicted. Regardless of the dates, the actual predictions of coming events were seen by over a hundred prophets throughout South Africa.*
The following notes were made by the editor, Stephen Larson, in the notes section of the book;
“During the years 1989 and 1990, while we were working on this manuscript, I sensed anxiety coming from Credo Mutwa, that the book would not be done before 1991. When I inquired, he voiced where his fear was coming from- that there was to be a great war in the Middle East at the beginning of 1991. “Can I ask one last question?” he asked. “What is this thing that I and other seers keep on seeing regarding the year 1991? Do other seers overseas also see the remarkable thing that will happen on earth during that year? It’s a very funny thing. I don’t know whether it will be a satellite or what, but it will crash upon the world and cause a great accident with a great city. This is what worries all of us but then we are a crazy people, we sangomas.” He could not foretell the size of it; but that many thousands would die, and it would affect the whole area, if not the world. He thought that chemicals would play a part in it. I must say that I heard Mutwa voice this anxiety long before any media signs, or other signs of the Gulf War were apparent.
*I know this is a stretch, just throwing it out there. 1991 is 911 from the back and the front. Could it be possible that the seers were seeing 911?
Earth visited by gods of the stars.
Many people will laugh at this, but please hear – this world will be visited by some of the gods from the stars, the so-called “aliens.” They have been secretly visiting, but I think now they will become visible. Because a great decision is going to be made, in the stars, about the fate of the Earth. The Earth is a very special planet to these people of the stars. It was an artificially created world whose purpose was to breed living beings. This is why the people of the stars are so interesting in the Earth. It’s a womb world. Now we are going to see many strange things coming from the stars into our world.
*A great decision made in the stars? Sounds a bit like that Andromedian Council stuff about the earth’s status being changed and now they don’t have to cloak anymore. The Dark Knight thread if I’m not mistaken. *
Some other bits and pieces worth mentioning
The fall of a President- Predicted during the fall of 1994
The present President of the United States could be brought down by a woman. She won’t rule America, but she could cause great trouble in the year 1996. There is a shadow of a woman standing very tall over him. A woman who is frustrated, a woman who needs help. She will bring much sorrow to the people of America. I don’t know why, President Clinton strikes me as a very good young man.
*As we all know, a woman was indeed Clinton’s fall.*
Bush’s reign- troublesome times.
About two months after Mr. Ronald Reagan had been chosen as President of the United States of America with Mr. George Bush elected as his Vice-President (1984), there arrived at our traditional village in Soweto a very friendly gentleman, a Mr. Rommelfanger. This American told me that he knew President Reagan and Mr. Bush personally and that he had supported them during the Presidential elections. It was during our talk that I told the gentleman that Mr. Bush is destined to lead the US as full President during four extremely critical years in world history, and that great dangers would hover close to the face of humanity.
A world divided-East vs West- Already happening.
One flag that I see no longer flying will be the flag of the United Nations. This orginazation will be replaced by two great alliances nations, one orientated East and one orientated West.
*Think BRIC*
Water to be sold- An illegal activity
I see water, ordinary water, being sold in the streets; and if you are caught by the police with a bottle of water, you will be arrested if you don’t have a permit to carry that water. Water is going to be so precious that people are going to buy it from special shops with a lot of engines, a lot of funny machines in the shop. People will no longer be able to urinate, except in special places where the urine will be turned back into drinking water.
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